Call dina


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Call dina

  1. 1. Mid Examination CALL (Computer Advanced Language Learning) Herdina 4B(English) Npm :
  2. 2. Pronunciation Pronunciation is an essential component not only of learning a language but also of using that language. For this reason, the learning of proper pronunciation is a delicate area; students need to feel free to make mistakes and practice their pronunciation in order to increase their accuracy, but there are also times when pronunciation must be quickly corrected so that it does not impede the students' ability to understand and be understood.
  3. 3. Why is pronunciation important to and for learners?  We know from Higgs Graph of Learner Needs that pronunciation is something that is very important to beginner learners as it allows them to feel more comfortable when speaking; teachers must be aware, however, that the more sounds differ between the mother tongue and the second language, the higher the affective filter. A student feeling too self-conscious will not be as willing to take the risks that are necessary when learning a new language.
  4. 4. In general, realistic goals surrounding pronunciation are:  Consistency: the pronunciation should become smooth and natural  Intelligibility: the pronunciation should be understandable to the listeners  Communicative efficiency: the pronunciation should help convey the meaning intended by the speaker
  5. 5. Good pronunciation comes from a lot of technical knowledge on the part of the teacher about placement of the mouth, etc. Most teachers in North America, unfortunately, don’t have this knowledge and therefore tend to pass it off as being unimportant but in fact, as you progress in your fluency, pronunciation becomes more and more important. Language learning needs a lot of practice and both mechanical and meaningful practice lead to improved pronunciation. Only through practice will a skill become automatic and drill-like activities are not always considered interesting. Nevertheless perception practice is a good way to help learners distinguish between certain sounds.
  6. 6. Speaking Speaking" is the delivery of language through the mouth. To speak, we create sounds using many parts of our body, including the lungs, vocal tract, vocal chords, tongue, teeth and lips.
  7. 7. Speaking is the second of the four language skills, which are:  Listening  Speaking  Reading  Writing
  8. 8. Vocabulary A person's vocabulary is the set of words within a language that are familiar to that person. A vocabulary usually develops with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Acquiring an extensive vocabulary is one of the largest challenges in learning a second language.
  9. 9. Types of vocabulary :  Reading vocabulary  Listening vocabulary  Speaking vocabulary  Writing vocabulary
  10. 10. How to Learn Listening Skills  Developing listening skills can help you build rapport with others. Having proper listening skills is an important part of understanding and processing information. Building relationships, working with others and retaining information are all contingent upon being an active listener. Although some people naturally possess good listening skills while others do not, it is possible for most to improve their listening skills.
  11. 11. Instructions : Focus all of your attention on the speaker. Keep your eyes focused on the speaker if listening to a speech and maintain eye contact when conversing one-on-one. Keep an open mind while processing the speaker's information. Actively listen to the speaker by using body language cues. Do not interrupt the speaker even if you don't agree with what he is saying.
  12. 12. Grammar Grammar have 16 Tenses, there are : Video A.Present Tense 1. Simple Present Tense 2. Present Continuous Tense 3. Present Perfect Tense 4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense B.Past Tense 1. Simple Past Tense 2. Past Continuous Tense 3. Past Perfect Tense 4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  13. 13. C.Future Tense 1. Simple Future Tense 2. Future Continuous Tense 3. Future Perfect Tense 4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense D.Past Future Tense 1. Past Future Tense 2. Past Future Continuous Tense 3. Past Future Perfect Tense 4. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
  14. 14. What is Reading All reading is reading no matter the format. Don’t be textist about format, or length of work, or context of reading. To read is to learn and grow, to experience, to empathise, to understand, to marvel, to wonder, to laugh and to cry. To live other lives in other places and times, to deepen a connection with place. Reading is immensely important to me. It shapes my personality and identity as do all experiences.
  15. 15. Writing Writing is language in a textual medium through the use of a set of signs or symbols (known as a writing system.1] It is distinguished from illustration, such as cave drawing and painting ,and non-symbolic preservation of language via non-textual media, such as magnetic tape audio .