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HSA Guide to Bay


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The Herb Society of America's 2009 Guide to the Herb of the Year-Bay

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HSA Guide to Bay

  1. 1. <ul><li>Contents of this presentation, script, and handout must be presented in its entirety without any modifications. No part may be changed or altered without the written permission of HSA. Permission to use images must be obtained from the copyright holder. Thank you for your cooperation. </li></ul>The Herb Society of America 9019 Kirtland Chardon Rd. Kirtland, Ohio 44094 440-256-0514 © 2008 The Herb Society of America
  2. 2. The Herb Society of America 9019 Kirtland Chardon Rd. Kirtland, Ohio 44094   © 2008 The Herb Society of America
  3. 3. <ul><li>Native to Asia minor </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen tree or shrub </li></ul><ul><li>Glossy black fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Oval shaped leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Greenish-yellow flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Reddish-black shoots </li></ul>Photo by Susan Betz Description
  4. 4. Bay - Plant Parts
  5. 5. <ul><li>Family: Lauraceae </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Laurus </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Epithet: nobilis </li></ul><ul><li>Common names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laurel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grecian bay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweet bay </li></ul></ul>L. n. ‘Rotundifolia’ Photo ©2009 Rexford Talbert
  6. 6. <ul><li>Law-russ NO-bil-iss </li></ul><ul><li>Laurus -Latin name for tree </li></ul><ul><li>nobilis – Latin word for famous </li></ul><ul><li>The ancient Greek name for this plant was dáphnee. Named after the nymph Daphne. </li></ul>L. n. ‘Holy Land’ Photo ©2009 Rexford Talbert
  7. 7. What’s In a Name? Photo by Henry Oakley Resting on your laurels means you are relying on your past achievements. Look to your laurels means that you have competition. Laurel The classic Laurel has won a place In the annals of the human race And stands for success in all the arts. In formal gardens she imparts An elegant note, She also knows How to garnish hotels, and auto shows, Serves as garlands where pictures are hung, Decorates halls where songs are sung. Her accomplishments are never-ending, She takes a hand a bar rum blending And, despite her regal manner and looks, Talented Laurel helps the cooks. L. Young
  8. 8. <ul><li>Poets, scholars, and athletes honored with crowns of bay leaves </li></ul><ul><li>Ward off witchcraft </li></ul><ul><li>Protect from lightning </li></ul><ul><li> Photo ©2009 Rexford Talbert </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol of victory and achievement </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Plays a prominent role in Greek culture. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacred to Apollo, Greek god of poetry and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>philosophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The roof of Apollo’s temple was made of bay leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Greek name for this plant is dáphnee </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Main components of the bay’s essential oil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8-cineole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>alpha-terapinyl acetate or formate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>trace amounts of linalool and other chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaves contain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>calcium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potassium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vitamin C </li></ul></ul>L. n. ‘Salicifolia’ Photo © 2009 Rexford Talbert
  11. 11. <ul><li>Cuttings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>suckers from base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>take in the early morning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>place in rooting medium immediately after removal from the stock plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul>Photo © 2009 Dorothy Bonitz
  12. 12. <ul><li>Avoid temperatures below 38 ⁰F. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid waterlogged soils </li></ul><ul><li>Winter indoors in </li></ul><ul><li>some areas </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Trim bay plants in the summer to maintain their shape. </li></ul><ul><li>Prune suckers continually to develop tree and topiary forms. </li></ul>© 2005 Luigi Rignanese Theresa Mieseler © 2009
  14. 14. <ul><li>Pests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grasshoppers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>powdery mildew </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Pick leaves early in the morning </li></ul><ul><li>Dry quickly under weights </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest as needed year round </li></ul>Photo © 2005 Luigi Rignanese
  16. 16. <ul><li>Fresh leaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>keep moist in the refrigerator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dry leaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>keep in an airtight container </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>store in a cool dark place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>store for one year when using for culinary </li></ul></ul>Photo © 2009 Susan Belsinger
  17. 17. <ul><li>Culinary </li></ul><ul><li>Crafting </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal </li></ul>Photo © 2009 Pat Crocker
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>Rub or crush fresh leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add leaves when cooking begins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove whole leaves after cooking </li></ul></ul>Bay is an essential herb for slow cooking techniques because it releases its flavor slowly.
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>Stock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soups and stews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sauces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marinades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stuffing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pickles </li></ul></ul>The major contribution of bay to foods is its fragrance, sweet but not cloying, pervasive but not overpowering.
  20. 20. Use bay in combination with: <ul><li>Allspice </li></ul><ul><li>Cardamom </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic </li></ul><ul><li>Lovage </li></ul><ul><li>Marjoram </li></ul><ul><li>Oregano </li></ul><ul><li>Parsley </li></ul><ul><li>Sage </li></ul><ul><li>Savory </li></ul><ul><li>Thyme </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Wreaths </li></ul><ul><li>Potpourri </li></ul><ul><li>Decorations </li></ul><ul><li>Art projects </li></ul><ul><li>Ornaments </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Photo ©2009 Susan Betz
  22. 22. Photo ©2009 Susan Betz <ul><li>Can be used fresh or dried </li></ul><ul><li>Can be bought in bulk throughout the year </li></ul><ul><li>Dried bay leaves can be stored for many years when used for crafts </li></ul>
  23. 23. Disclaimer: Information is provided as an educational service. The Herb Society of America can not advise, recommend, or prescribe herbs for medicinal use. Please consult a health care provider before pursuing any herbal treatments. <ul><li>Historically used for: </li></ul><ul><li>Digestion aid </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchitis </li></ul><ul><li>Influenza </li></ul><ul><li>Antiseptic </li></ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Ornamental </li></ul><ul><li>Hedges </li></ul><ul><li>Focal points </li></ul><ul><li>Topiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Containers </li></ul>Photo © 2009 Theresa Mieseler
  25. 25. Photo © 2009 Pat Crocker