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Project Azubi-Europa
Croatia (31.03.2014 – 11.04.2014)
Zagreb / Split
Compare the situation of the energy industry in Germany and Croatia.
Michael Nitsche | trainee industrial management assistant | first year
Outline
2 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
1. The purpose of the project
2. The aim of my travel
3. My approach
4. Important facts
4.1 Basic facts about Germany
4.2 Basic facts about Croatia
4.3 Facts about the energy extraction in Germany
4.4 Facts about the energy extraction in Croatia
4.5 Costs of energy in Croatia and Germany
5. Photovoltaic installations
5.1 What is photovoltaic?
5.2 Evolution of photovoltaic
Outline
3 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
5.3 Roof and open area constructions
5.4 Exterior walls and others
5.5 Manufacturer and distributors …
5.5.1 … from Germany
5.5.2 … from Croatia
5.6 Companies
5.6.1 Calyxo GmbH - Germany
5.6.2 Solaris d.o.o. - Croatia
5.7 A construction in Croatia from Calyxo
6. My opinion
7. Sources
1. The purpose of the travel
4 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
1. The purpose of the project
The project Azubi-Europa is a project which is funded by the European Union
and the ferderal state of Saxony-Anhalt to show German trainees the structure
of business and industry in other EU member states, to look at these countries
and learn new skills.
The project is organized by the ISW GmbH. The ISW coaches visit the
vocational schools in Saxony-Anhalt and promote the project Azubi-Europa.
A large part of the charges are paid by the EU and normally the other smaller
part by the training company.
For the trainee it is a special experience to learn more about companies and
structures in other countries.
One positive effect is that the trainee can improve and extend his English.
2. The aim of my travel
5 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
The aim of my travel is to look at the energy industry of Germany and
Croatia.
Before I travelled to Croatia I informed myself about the situation in
Germany. In Croatia I got knowledge about the situation in this country.
I would like to show you more details of the energy industry of both
countries.
Especially the photovoltaic industry is a part of my presentation.
Exemplary I present one company of this business of each country and
explain the differences between them.
3. My approach
6 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
At first I will address the production methods, the energy extraction and
also with the electrical cost of both countries.
This information I will show you in charts.
I looked for manufacturers and distributors of photovoltaic modules at
europages.com and had a look at their homepages.
I collected some information about the companies which I will explain to
you later.
4. Important facts
4.1 Basic Facts about Germany
7 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Germany
Capital: Berlin
Area: 357,111.09 km²
Inhabitants: 80.52 Million
Chemical industry
Some important Automotive industry
industries of Germany: Machinery industry
Renewable Energy
Medical Technology
4.2 Basic facts about Croatia
8 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Croatia
Capital: Zagreb
Area: 56,538 km²
Inhabitants: 4.26 Million
Trade
Tourism
Some important industries of Croatia: Logistics
Manufactory Industry
Renewable Energy
4.3 Facts about the energy extraction in Germany
9 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
In 2012 the energy extraction in Germany is composed as follows:
A purpose of Germany is to break with the nuclear energy before 2022.
One of the most attractive alternatives are the renewable energies. These
shall close the gap to 60%.
4.4 Facts about the energy extraction in Croatia
10 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
In 2012 the energy extraction in Croatia is composed as follows:
Croatia could reduce its share of nuclear energy.
This country offers opportunities for renewable energy. With 2500 hours
of sunshine every year photovoltaic installations is very lucrative. The
optimal location approves wind farms too.
4.5 Costs of energy in Croatia and Germany
11 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
The development of energy prices in both countries since 2009 to 2013.
The prices are in ct/ kWh.
Percent increase in
five years:
Germany: + 28 %
Croatia: + 17%
5. Photovoltaic
5.1 What is photovoltaic?
12 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Photovoltaic is the direct conversion of sunlight into electrical energy
with solar cells or modules.
Since 1958 it is used in the aerospace industry.
Now it is mainly used for the electrical generation on earth with
roof constructions, as an exterior wall of a house or a open area construction.
The word photovoltaic is composed of the Greek word for "light"
and the unit of the electrical voltage.
Till the end of 2013 more than 134 GWp power were installed worldwide.
5.2 Evolution of photovoltaic
13 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
The global photovoltaic installation market grew to at least 36.9 GW in
2013, compared to around 29 GW in the last two years.
Asia ranks in first place in 2013 with more than 59 % of the global
photovoltaic installation market.
Now Germany, Italy and Greece
have enough photovoltaic
capacity to produce respectively
6.2%, 7.8% and 5.8% of their
annual electricity demand of
photovoltaic energy.
5.3 Roof and open area constructions
14 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
The classic application is the
construction on the roof of a
building.
It is the most common form
on the world. The constructions
are usually small.
The biggest form is the
application in open areas.
The constructions can be
unlimited large.
5.4 Exterior Walls and others
15 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
The photovoltaic industry is flexible, which is
shown by the next pictures.
How about photovoltaic constructions as an
exterior wall for your new home or on the
top of your new caravan? It is no problem.
The possibilities are endless.
You only need an idea.
5.5 Manufacturer and distributors …
5.5.1 … in Germany
16 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
At this slide you see three manufacturers of
solar cells or modules from Germany. A lot of
them distribute their products themselves.
But big projects in other countries are organized
by external distributors.
It is discernible that more German companies
export their products to other countries.
5.5.2 … in Croatia
17 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Croatia often imports solar constructions.
Here is one manufacturer from
Croatia and some distributors.
5.6 Companies
5.6.1 Calyxo GmbH - Germany
18 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Facts:
- Location: Thalheim
- Establishment in 2005
- Capacity: 85 MWp
- 150 Employees
- Thin-Film CdTe modules
Certificates:
- DIN EN ISO 9001:2008
- EN ISO 14001:2008
- ISO 50001:2011
19 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Calyxo is specialized in the production of CdTe
Thin-Film Modules.
They continually develop and
improve the procedure.
They promise a warranty of 10 years on materials and 80% of
power after 25 years. The modules pass a quality
control testing in every phase of the manufacturing process.
5.6.2 Solaris d.o.o. - Croatia
20 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Certificates:
- DIN EN ISO 9001:2008
- EN ISO 14001:2008
- OHSAS 18001
Facts:
- Location: Novigrad
- Establishment in 1999
- Capacity : 80 MWp
- 180 Employees
- Mono- and Polycrystalline modules
21 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Solaris is a company which has a large product range.
They produce mono-
and polycrystalline modules.
They promise an average lifetime of 30 years and 80% of
power after 25 years. Each cell and product pass a quality
control testing in every phase of the manufacturing process.
5.7 A construction in Croatia from Calyxo
22 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
On the picture you see the
construction on the roof of CEMEX in
Split from Calyxo and Solar Magna.
In cooperation with Solar Magna the
factory of CEMEX in Croatia build a
solar energy system on their roofs whose modules are manufactured by
Calyxo. CEMEX is a leading manufacturer of cement in Croatia.
A link to a time laps camera: CEMEX factory time laps
6. My opinion
23 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
At this point I would like to tell you my opinion about energy evolution.
The photovoltaic industry went through an economically difficult
time. There are still enough companies which show that in bad times
you should continue without losing sight of your aim.
Renewable energy is our future. They will replace the fossil fuels or the
nuclear power. The solution possibilities are very expansive and not
exhausted for a long time yet.
I trust in the power of sun.
24 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Thank you for your attention.
7. Sources
25 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche
Quellen:
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft (Hrsg.) (2013): Energie in Deutschland: Trends und Hintergründe zur Energieversorgung. Akt.
Ausgabe Februar 2013. PRpetuum GmbH. München.
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft (Hrsg.) (2014): Erneuerbare Energien im Jahr 2013: Erste vorläufige Daten zur Entwicklung der
erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland auf der Grundlage der Angaben der Arbeitsgruppe Erneuerbare Energien-Statistik (AGEE-
Stat). PRpetuum GmbH. München.
Calyxo GmbH. Letzer Zugriff 01.05.2014. www.calyxo.com
Eurostat – Strompreise für priv. Haushalte. Letzer Zugriff 01.05.2014
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&plugin=1&language=de&pcode=ten00115
Eurostat – Bevölkerung der EU Länder. Letzer Zugriff 01.05.2014
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=de&pcode=tps00001&plugin=1
IEA International Energy Agency (Hrsg.) (2013): PVPS Report: A snapshot of Global PV 1992 - 2013
IWR – EU Neuling Kroatien Letzer Zugriff: 01.05.2014 Stand: 03.07.2013
www.iwr.de/news.php?id=23990
RWE Kroatien. Präsentation Ingo Block – 01.04.2014
Solaris d.o.o. Letzer Zugriff: 01.05.2014 - www.solaris-novigrad.hr.

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Betrieblicher Lernauftrag Michael Nitsche - April 2014 HR

  • 1. Project Azubi-Europa Croatia (31.03.2014 – 11.04.2014) Zagreb / Split Compare the situation of the energy industry in Germany and Croatia. Michael Nitsche | trainee industrial management assistant | first year
  • 2. Outline 2 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche 1. The purpose of the project 2. The aim of my travel 3. My approach 4. Important facts 4.1 Basic facts about Germany 4.2 Basic facts about Croatia 4.3 Facts about the energy extraction in Germany 4.4 Facts about the energy extraction in Croatia 4.5 Costs of energy in Croatia and Germany 5. Photovoltaic installations 5.1 What is photovoltaic? 5.2 Evolution of photovoltaic
  • 3. Outline 3 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche 5.3 Roof and open area constructions 5.4 Exterior walls and others 5.5 Manufacturer and distributors … 5.5.1 … from Germany 5.5.2 … from Croatia 5.6 Companies 5.6.1 Calyxo GmbH - Germany 5.6.2 Solaris d.o.o. - Croatia 5.7 A construction in Croatia from Calyxo 6. My opinion 7. Sources
  • 4. 1. The purpose of the travel 4 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche 1. The purpose of the project The project Azubi-Europa is a project which is funded by the European Union and the ferderal state of Saxony-Anhalt to show German trainees the structure of business and industry in other EU member states, to look at these countries and learn new skills. The project is organized by the ISW GmbH. The ISW coaches visit the vocational schools in Saxony-Anhalt and promote the project Azubi-Europa. A large part of the charges are paid by the EU and normally the other smaller part by the training company. For the trainee it is a special experience to learn more about companies and structures in other countries. One positive effect is that the trainee can improve and extend his English.
  • 5. 2. The aim of my travel 5 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche The aim of my travel is to look at the energy industry of Germany and Croatia. Before I travelled to Croatia I informed myself about the situation in Germany. In Croatia I got knowledge about the situation in this country. I would like to show you more details of the energy industry of both countries. Especially the photovoltaic industry is a part of my presentation. Exemplary I present one company of this business of each country and explain the differences between them.
  • 6. 3. My approach 6 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche At first I will address the production methods, the energy extraction and also with the electrical cost of both countries. This information I will show you in charts. I looked for manufacturers and distributors of photovoltaic modules at europages.com and had a look at their homepages. I collected some information about the companies which I will explain to you later.
  • 7. 4. Important facts 4.1 Basic Facts about Germany 7 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Germany Capital: Berlin Area: 357,111.09 km² Inhabitants: 80.52 Million Chemical industry Some important Automotive industry industries of Germany: Machinery industry Renewable Energy Medical Technology
  • 8. 4.2 Basic facts about Croatia 8 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Croatia Capital: Zagreb Area: 56,538 km² Inhabitants: 4.26 Million Trade Tourism Some important industries of Croatia: Logistics Manufactory Industry Renewable Energy
  • 9. 4.3 Facts about the energy extraction in Germany 9 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche In 2012 the energy extraction in Germany is composed as follows: A purpose of Germany is to break with the nuclear energy before 2022. One of the most attractive alternatives are the renewable energies. These shall close the gap to 60%.
  • 10. 4.4 Facts about the energy extraction in Croatia 10 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche In 2012 the energy extraction in Croatia is composed as follows: Croatia could reduce its share of nuclear energy. This country offers opportunities for renewable energy. With 2500 hours of sunshine every year photovoltaic installations is very lucrative. The optimal location approves wind farms too.
  • 11. 4.5 Costs of energy in Croatia and Germany 11 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche The development of energy prices in both countries since 2009 to 2013. The prices are in ct/ kWh. Percent increase in five years: Germany: + 28 % Croatia: + 17%
  • 12. 5. Photovoltaic 5.1 What is photovoltaic? 12 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Photovoltaic is the direct conversion of sunlight into electrical energy with solar cells or modules. Since 1958 it is used in the aerospace industry. Now it is mainly used for the electrical generation on earth with roof constructions, as an exterior wall of a house or a open area construction. The word photovoltaic is composed of the Greek word for "light" and the unit of the electrical voltage. Till the end of 2013 more than 134 GWp power were installed worldwide.
  • 13. 5.2 Evolution of photovoltaic 13 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche The global photovoltaic installation market grew to at least 36.9 GW in 2013, compared to around 29 GW in the last two years. Asia ranks in first place in 2013 with more than 59 % of the global photovoltaic installation market. Now Germany, Italy and Greece have enough photovoltaic capacity to produce respectively 6.2%, 7.8% and 5.8% of their annual electricity demand of photovoltaic energy.
  • 14. 5.3 Roof and open area constructions 14 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche The classic application is the construction on the roof of a building. It is the most common form on the world. The constructions are usually small. The biggest form is the application in open areas. The constructions can be unlimited large.
  • 15. 5.4 Exterior Walls and others 15 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche The photovoltaic industry is flexible, which is shown by the next pictures. How about photovoltaic constructions as an exterior wall for your new home or on the top of your new caravan? It is no problem. The possibilities are endless. You only need an idea.
  • 16. 5.5 Manufacturer and distributors … 5.5.1 … in Germany 16 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche At this slide you see three manufacturers of solar cells or modules from Germany. A lot of them distribute their products themselves. But big projects in other countries are organized by external distributors. It is discernible that more German companies export their products to other countries.
  • 17. 5.5.2 … in Croatia 17 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Croatia often imports solar constructions. Here is one manufacturer from Croatia and some distributors.
  • 18. 5.6 Companies 5.6.1 Calyxo GmbH - Germany 18 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Facts: - Location: Thalheim - Establishment in 2005 - Capacity: 85 MWp - 150 Employees - Thin-Film CdTe modules Certificates: - DIN EN ISO 9001:2008 - EN ISO 14001:2008 - ISO 50001:2011
  • 19. 19 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Calyxo is specialized in the production of CdTe Thin-Film Modules. They continually develop and improve the procedure. They promise a warranty of 10 years on materials and 80% of power after 25 years. The modules pass a quality control testing in every phase of the manufacturing process.
  • 20. 5.6.2 Solaris d.o.o. - Croatia 20 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Certificates: - DIN EN ISO 9001:2008 - EN ISO 14001:2008 - OHSAS 18001 Facts: - Location: Novigrad - Establishment in 1999 - Capacity : 80 MWp - 180 Employees - Mono- and Polycrystalline modules
  • 21. 21 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Solaris is a company which has a large product range. They produce mono- and polycrystalline modules. They promise an average lifetime of 30 years and 80% of power after 25 years. Each cell and product pass a quality control testing in every phase of the manufacturing process.
  • 22. 5.7 A construction in Croatia from Calyxo 22 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche On the picture you see the construction on the roof of CEMEX in Split from Calyxo and Solar Magna. In cooperation with Solar Magna the factory of CEMEX in Croatia build a solar energy system on their roofs whose modules are manufactured by Calyxo. CEMEX is a leading manufacturer of cement in Croatia. A link to a time laps camera: CEMEX factory time laps
  • 23. 6. My opinion 23 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche At this point I would like to tell you my opinion about energy evolution. The photovoltaic industry went through an economically difficult time. There are still enough companies which show that in bad times you should continue without losing sight of your aim. Renewable energy is our future. They will replace the fossil fuels or the nuclear power. The solution possibilities are very expansive and not exhausted for a long time yet. I trust in the power of sun.
  • 24. 24 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Thank you for your attention.
  • 25. 7. Sources 25 Projekt Azubi-Europa | Croatia (31.03. – 11.04.2014) | edited by Michael Nitsche Quellen: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft (Hrsg.) (2013): Energie in Deutschland: Trends und Hintergründe zur Energieversorgung. Akt. Ausgabe Februar 2013. PRpetuum GmbH. München. Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft (Hrsg.) (2014): Erneuerbare Energien im Jahr 2013: Erste vorläufige Daten zur Entwicklung der erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland auf der Grundlage der Angaben der Arbeitsgruppe Erneuerbare Energien-Statistik (AGEE- Stat). PRpetuum GmbH. München. Calyxo GmbH. Letzer Zugriff 01.05.2014. www.calyxo.com Eurostat – Strompreise für priv. Haushalte. Letzer Zugriff 01.05.2014 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&plugin=1&language=de&pcode=ten00115 Eurostat – Bevölkerung der EU Länder. Letzer Zugriff 01.05.2014 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&language=de&pcode=tps00001&plugin=1 IEA International Energy Agency (Hrsg.) (2013): PVPS Report: A snapshot of Global PV 1992 - 2013 IWR – EU Neuling Kroatien Letzer Zugriff: 01.05.2014 Stand: 03.07.2013 www.iwr.de/news.php?id=23990 RWE Kroatien. Präsentation Ingo Block – 01.04.2014 Solaris d.o.o. Letzer Zugriff: 01.05.2014 - www.solaris-novigrad.hr.