Anthro 31.   ASIAN CIVILIZATION     Module I. IntroductionDEFINITION      CIVILIZATION      ASIA                        ...
CIVILIZATION        DEFINITION civis, meaning “citizen” or  “townsman CIVILIZATION       DEFINITIONa relatively high lev...
CIVILIZATION                DEFINITIONtype of human community or society that has achieved a certain level of cultureCIVI...
ASIA   DEFINITIONἈσίαAsuPart of landmass of EurasiaASIAPOLITICSECONOMYGEOGRAPHYSOCIETY                             ...
ASIA   SUB-REGIONS CENTRAL / NORTH ASIA EAST ASIA SOUTH EAST ASIA SOUTH ASIA WEST ASIA                         5
ASIA   SUB-REGIONSASIA   SUB-REGIONS                     6
ASIA   SUB-REGIONSASIA   SUB-REGIONS                     7
AFGHANISTANIslamic Republic of Afghanistan (Kabul)Khyber PassTalibans, Osama Bin LadenUntapped mineral deposits, petro...
BHUTANKingdom of Bhutan (Thimpu) “highlands”,Happiest country in Asia (Business Week 2006)agriculture, forestry, touri...
MALDIVESRepublic of Maldives (Male)Maldive Islands (atolls)Marine ecosystemsSmallest in population and areatourism  N...
PAKISTANIslamic Republic of Pakistan (Islamabad)6th most populuous country2nd largest Muslim populationSRI LANKADemocr...
ASIA   SUB-REGIONSASIA   SUB-REGIONS                     12
ASIA   SUB-REGIONSTURKEYRepublic of Turkey (Ankara)transcontinentalSeat of Byzantine empireFounding member of OECDShi...
BAHRAINKingdom of Bahrain (Manama)Freest economy in the Middle EastMajor financial center in the regionpetroleum produ...
IRAQRepublic of Iraq (Baghdad)Mesopotamia, Tigris & EuphratesCradle of civilization (Sumerians)economy is dominated by...
ISRAELState of Israel (Jerusalem)HebrewsZionismWest Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heightsranked first as the worlds most du...
UNITED ARAB EMIRATESUnited Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi)Seven emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras ...
ASIA   ECONOMYlargest economic region in the worldLargest and smallest economiesMost dynamic economiesASIA   PEOPLE    ...
ASIANSCulturally diverseRace: Mongolian, Caucasian, MalayReligion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Confucianism, Taoism, Z...
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Module i. introduction

  1. 1. Anthro 31. ASIAN CIVILIZATION Module I. IntroductionDEFINITION CIVILIZATION ASIA 1
  2. 2. CIVILIZATION DEFINITION civis, meaning “citizen” or “townsman CIVILIZATION DEFINITIONa relatively high level of cultural and technological development; specifically : the stage of cultural development at which writing and the keeping of written records is attained 2
  3. 3. CIVILIZATION DEFINITIONtype of human community or society that has achieved a certain level of cultureCIVILIZATION - Characteristics »agriculture »government or a bureaucracy »generally permanent »formal social settlements institutions »division of labor - »trade specialization of labor »technologies »control environment »arts including some »social hierarchy form of written communication 3
  4. 4. ASIA DEFINITIONἈσίαAsuPart of landmass of EurasiaASIAPOLITICSECONOMYGEOGRAPHYSOCIETY 4
  5. 5. ASIA SUB-REGIONS CENTRAL / NORTH ASIA EAST ASIA SOUTH EAST ASIA SOUTH ASIA WEST ASIA 5
  6. 6. ASIA SUB-REGIONSASIA SUB-REGIONS 6
  7. 7. ASIA SUB-REGIONSASIA SUB-REGIONS 7
  8. 8. AFGHANISTANIslamic Republic of Afghanistan (Kabul)Khyber PassTalibans, Osama Bin LadenUntapped mineral deposits, petroleum and gas reservesBANGLADESHPeoples Republic of Bangladesh (Dhaka)Bengal8th most populuous countryJute , garments 8
  9. 9. BHUTANKingdom of Bhutan (Thimpu) “highlands”,Happiest country in Asia (Business Week 2006)agriculture, forestry, tourism and the sale of hydroelectric power to India.INDIARepublic of India (New Delhi)Indus7th largest country in the world11th largest economy2nd most populuous countryCaste system 9
  10. 10. MALDIVESRepublic of Maldives (Male)Maldive Islands (atolls)Marine ecosystemsSmallest in population and areatourism NEPALFederal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Kathmandu)World’s tallest mountains inc. Mt. Everest5 climatic zones (tropical, temperate, cold, subarctic, arctic zone) 10
  11. 11. PAKISTANIslamic Republic of Pakistan (Islamabad)6th most populuous country2nd largest Muslim populationSRI LANKADemocratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte)Ceylontea, coffee, coconuts, rubber and cinnamon 11
  12. 12. ASIA SUB-REGIONSASIA SUB-REGIONS 12
  13. 13. ASIA SUB-REGIONSTURKEYRepublic of Turkey (Ankara)transcontinentalSeat of Byzantine empireFounding member of OECDShipbuilding nation 13
  14. 14. BAHRAINKingdom of Bahrain (Manama)Freest economy in the Middle EastMajor financial center in the regionpetroleum production and processing account for about 60% of export receipts, 60% of government revenues, and 30% of GDP.SAUDI ARABIAKingdom of Saudi Arabia (Riyahd)SaudOccupies 80% of the Arabian PeninsulaMedina and MeccaWorld’s largest oil reserves & exporter 14
  15. 15. IRAQRepublic of Iraq (Baghdad)Mesopotamia, Tigris & EuphratesCradle of civilization (Sumerians)economy is dominated by the oil sector IRANIslamic Republic of Iran (Tehran)PersiaIranian Revolution: Islamic RevolutionAyatollah Khomeini 15
  16. 16. ISRAELState of Israel (Jerusalem)HebrewsZionismWest Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heightsranked first as the worlds most durable economy in the face of crises, and was also ranked first in the rate of research and development center investmentJORDAN Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Amman) Phosphate and potash mines Jordans economy are scarce water supplies, complete reliance on oil imports for energy, and regional instability. 16
  17. 17. UNITED ARAB EMIRATESUnited Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi)Seven emirates Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al- Khaimah and Fujairah.Tallest building (Burj Khalifa)ASIA - POLITICSFORMS OF GOVERNMENT 17
  18. 18. ASIA ECONOMYlargest economic region in the worldLargest and smallest economiesMost dynamic economiesASIA PEOPLE 18
  19. 19. ASIANSCulturally diverseRace: Mongolian, Caucasian, MalayReligion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Confucianism, Taoism, Zen, Animism, Islam, Roman Catholicism 19

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