The Domestication of Plants and Animals in The Americas.
The Birth of Civiliza0on [?] • Henry Lesperance Alvarez.
The Cradles of Civiliza0ons • What allowed the development of complex social ins0tu0ons such as organized religion and educa0on? • In other words, what factors enabled the forma0on of these early civiliza0ons? 2
Domes0ca0on of Plants Agricultural techniques used by civiliza0ons In the Americas: The Aztecs Empire (Mesoamerica): Chinampas The Incas Empire (Andean Region): Terrazas o Andenes para el cul0vo en laderas 9
Aztec Farming • They farmed on raised ﬁelds, or chinampas, created by piling earth over the natural growing surface, as a way of reclaiming swampland for cul0va0on.
The Aztecs and Quetzalcoatl • The Aztec believed that their hero-‐god Quetzalcoatl (for the Mayas Kukulcan), who created humanity with his own blood, turned himself into an ant so he was able to steal a single grain of maize that the ants had hidden inside a mountain; This he gave to the humans so that they might be nourished. 31
The Corn People • Corn spread a culture that extended along of what today is the U.S. highway 10, into the eastern half of the United States. Eventually becoming a staple throughout much of North America. (Occupied America, Rudolfo Acuña) 34
Corn is a Central part of the Navajo, Apache Hopi, Acoma, Laguna, and Isleta Pueblos. The Navajo and Apache have used corn pollen in daily prayers to cure illness, and during puberty and marriage ceremonies. 35