Run On fragment

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Power point presentation on
ind/dep clauses
run on sentences
sentence fragments
how to correct them

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Run On fragment

  1. 1. Run-ons and Fragments<br />How to improve our writing by avoiding/correcting them<br />
  2. 2. Clauses are sentence parts<br />There are two kinds of clauses<br />Independent<br />Dependent<br />Clauses<br />
  3. 3. Independent Clauses<br />Have a noun<br />Have a verb and objects<br />Can stand by themselves<br />Are complete sentences<br />Independent Clauses<br />
  4. 4. Dependent Clauses<br />Usually start with a dependent marker-word<br />Usually have a subject, verb, and object(s)<br />Need an Independent Clause to be a sentence<br />Cannot stand by itself as a sentence <br />Dependent Clauses<br />
  5. 5. Some popular dependent-marker words:<br />If (If we go to the show, we will miss dinner)<br />When (When we get home, mother will be awake)<br />Because (We missed dinner because we went to the show)<br />Dependent marker words<br />
  6. 6. When we use a Dependent Clause, we must make sure that we have an Independent Clause as well.<br />Because we went to the show (dependent)<br />+<br />We missed dinner (independent)<br />=<br />Because we went to the show, we missed dinner<br />Making sentences<br />
  7. 7. If the Dependent Clause comes first, then the sentences must be separated by a comma.<br />Because we went to the show , we missed dinner<br />There is no need for a comma if the Independent Claus comes first.<br />We missed dinner because we went to the show<br />Order<br />
  8. 8. Dependent Clauses that do not have Independent clauses attached to them are called<br />Fragments<br />Fragments ARE NOT sentences they are incorrect!!!<br />Fragments<br />
  9. 9. We can fix Fragments by<br />Adding an Independent Clause:<br />Before the Dependent Clause (no comma)<br />Or After the Dependent Claus (needs comma)<br />Removing the dependent marker word, and re-writing the sentence<br />Fixing Fragments<br />
  10. 10. Before we got to the store* Sentence Fragment<br />+<br />We went to the ATM machine (Independent Claus)<br />=<br />Before we got to the store, we went to the ATM machine<br />Or<br />We went to the ATM machine before we got to the store <br />Fixing Fragments (cont.)<br />
  11. 11. Run-on Sentences happen when:<br />Two Independent sentences are put together without the right connection<br />We went to dinner we also went to a show<br />We went to dinner and went to a show<br />Run-on Sentences<br />
  12. 12. We can fix Run-on Sentences in these ways:<br />by putting them together with the right connector <br />by making them two separate Independent sentences with a period<br />By using a coordinating conjunction (but, for, and, yet, so, or, and for<br />Making one of them a Dependent Clause (using however, although, when, etc)<br />Join the two with a semi-colon (advanced)<br />Fixing Run-on Sentences<br />
  13. 13. My family went to dinner we also went to a show.<br />We can fix this in many ways:<br />My family went to dinner, and we went to a show<br />Although my family went to dinner, we also went to a show<br />My Family went to dinner. We also went to a show<br />My family went to dinner; we also went to a show<br />Fixing Run-on Sentences(cont)<br />
  14. 14. On pages 21-24 of your EAW book, there are a variety of exercises and drills for you to work on your revision/correction skills<br />Good luck<br />Practice<br />

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