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Henk van Rikxoort - The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change

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Henk van Rikxoort - The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change

  1. 1. The  Poten)al  of  Mesoamerican  Coffee  Produc)on   Systems  to  Mi)gate  Climate  Change1     Online  Research  Presenta/on  (WEBINAR)   (From)  Cali,  Colombia  –  20  June  2011       1  Henk  van  Rikxoort,  Peter  Läderach,  Jos  van  Hal  
  2. 2. AGENDA }  Background }  Methodology }  Results 1 – Difference between coffee systems }  Results 2 – Influence of voluntary standards }  Results 3 – Framework for effective mitigation }  Recommendations 2 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  3. 3. BACKGROUND Lack of knowledge: }  Carbon footprints in coffee production... }  Voluntary standards and climate change mitigation... }  Climate change mitigation practices... Objective: }  To quantify the effects of different coffee production systems and voluntary standards on climate change. }  To develop a framework for effective climate change mitigation on coffee production level. 3 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  4. 4. METHODOLOGY Information for better decision making Cool Farm Data collection Cropster C-sar Tool 4 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  5. 5. METHODOLOGY }  Moguel and Toledo (1999): §  Traditional polyculture §  Commercial polyculture }  Voluntary standards: §  Organic §  Rainforest Alliance / UTZ Certified §  Conventional §  Shaded monoculture §  Unshaded monoculture 5 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  6. 6. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COFFEE SYSTEMS Carbon stocks in shade trees and coffee plants }  Mean C-sequestration: 140 120 §  Trad-poly: 91 t CO2-e/ha-1 100 §  Com-poly: t CO2-e/ha-1 80 71,3 t CO2-e/ha-1 60 §  Shad-mono: 36,6 t CO2-e/ha-1 40 §  Unshad-mono: 20 17,3 t CO2-e/ha-1 0 Trad-poly Com-poly Shad-mono Unshad-mono 6 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  7. 7. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COFFEE SYSTEMS Carbon stocks in coffee plants }  Mean C-sequestration: 25 §  Trad-poly: 20 11,5 t CO2-e/ha-1 §  Com-poly: t CO2-e/ha-1 15 13,4 t CO2-e/ha-1 10 §  Shad-mono: 15,9 t CO2-e/ha-1 5 §  Unshad-mono: 17,3 t CO2-e/ha-1 0 Trad-poly Com-poly Shad-mono Unshad-mono 7 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  8. 8. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COFFEE SYSTEMS Annual carbon sequestration in shade trees }  Mean C-sequestration: 1.2 1 §  Trad-poly: 0,7 t CO2-e/ha-1 yr-1 0.8 §  Com-poly: t CO2-e/ha-1 yr-1 0,7 t CO2-e/ha-1 yr-1 0.6 §  Shad-mono: 0.4 0,6 t CO2-e/ha-1 yr-1 §  Unshad-mono: 0.2 0 t CO2-e/ha-1 yr-1 0 Trad-poly Com-poly Shad-mono Unshad-mono 8 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  9. 9. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COFFEE SYSTEMS 9 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  10. 10. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COFFEE SYSTEMS 10 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  11. 11. INFLUENCE OF VOLUNTARY STANDARDS Carbon stocks in shade trees and coffee plants }  Mean C-sequestration: 140 120 §  Organic: 83,4 t CO2-e/ha-1 100 §  RA / UTZ: t CO2-e/ha-1 80 85,2 t CO2-e/ha-1 60 §  Conventional: 77,9 t CO2-e/ha-1 40 20 0 RA / UTZ Conventional Organic 11 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  12. 12. INFLUENCE OF VOLUNTARY STANDARDS 12 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  13. 13. INFLUENCE OF VOLUNTARY STANDARDS 13 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  14. 14. FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE MITIGATION }  In ´t Veld (2002): Effectiveness = Content * Acceptance }  Adapted to: MITx = PRCy * FSBz Where: MIT = mitigation, kg CO2-e PRC = correct practices FSB = implementation feasibility 14 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  15. 15. FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE MITIGATION 1.  Increase on-farm carbon stocks PRC (correct practices) focus: 2.  Increase fertiliser use efficiency 3.  Reduce wastewater generation 15 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  16. 16. FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE MITIGATION Annual carbon sequestration 2.0 parchment coffee kg CO2-e/kg-1 1.5 Banana shade 1.0 Tree shade 0.5 0.0 16 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  17. 17. FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE MITIGATION GHG emissions from fertilisation 4 kg CO2-e/kg-1 parchment 3 coffee 2 High-input Organic 1 0 Fertiliser production Fertiliser induced N2O 17 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  18. 18. FRAMEWORK FOR EFFECTIVE MITIGATION GHG emissions from processing 12 parchment coffee kg CO2-e/kg-1 9 6 Traditional wet process 3 Ecological dry process 0 Waste water Gas use Diesel use Electricity use production 18 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  19. 19. RECOMENDATIONS }  To CIAT §  Start discussions with GMCR to implement the climate change mitigation framework in their Mesoamerican coffee supply chains. §  Start further investigations in low CH4 emitting coffee processing methods and machinery. Pay due attention to coffee quality. }  To Sustainability standards §  Address effective climate change mitigation practices in standards. §  Ensure the feasibility of implementation for coffee farmers. 19 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change
  20. 20. CONTACT DETAILS Henk van Rikxoort Student – Development and Rural Innovation Consultant – Agriculture and Climate Change Wageningen University The Netherlands Mobile Colombia +573105325712 Mobile Europa +31618187108 E-mail henk.vanrikxoort@wur.nl Fotos – Neil Palmer (CIAT) 20 The Potential of Mesoamerican Coffee Production Systems to Mitigate Climate Change

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