2015 06-24 precision dairy farming

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I just gave a opening keynote on the North American Precision dairy farming conference. I showed some data that we recently collected on the use of sensor systems and the effects of these systems on farm performance.

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  • De totale rundveestapel
    Daling van 2000 -> 2005 daarna weer gestegen tot bijna 4.000.000
  • So difference in cash flow per year little over 3100 per year. This used for each of the ten years as average cash flow to apprahaise investment. Internal rate of return, return on invested capital 11%. Discounted Payback Period, 7 years. Accounts for time value of money.
  • 2015 06-24 precision dairy farming

    1. 1. Precision dairy farming overseas Experiences and developments from the Netherlands Henk Hogeveen and Wilma Steeneveld
    2. 2. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    3. 3. Cattle through the last 14 years (* 1,000) Now: ~1.3 bln kg milk 3750000 3800000 3850000 3900000 3950000 4000000 4050000 4100000 1999 2002 2005 2008 2011 2014
    4. 4. Grass-based system  Summer ● Fresh grass + corn silage + concentrates  Winter ● Grass silage + corn silage + concentrates ● Half mixed ratio
    5. 5. Dutch dairy sector  Increasing farm seizes  Mostly own (family) labour  Half grass-based system ● Grazing under pressure (farm management) ● Stimulated (societal preference)  Volatile milk prices  More challenges on management
    6. 6. and …..  Animal health is becoming more and more important  Stimulated by dairy industry ● Improvement of udder health ● Improvement of claw health ● Improvement of longevity
    7. 7. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    8. 8. Automatic milking  1970’s: Individual animal identification  1980’s: Sensor development  1990’s: Automatic milking  Five systems, different brands  First commercial farms: 1992  19% of Dutch dairy farms
    9. 9. Automatic milking is not an issue anymore  They function  Service and maintenance (infrastructure) is good  Reasons pro ● Labour savings, quality of labour ● More milkings per cow  Reasons against ● Price (investment) ● Flexibility of expansion
    10. 10. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    11. 11. Sensor system Sensor Data Alert Algorithm SOP Decision support Decision Other data Rutten et al., 2013, J. Dairy Sci.
    12. 12. Use of sensor systems in the Netherlands  Questionnaire study: 1,672 Dutch dairy farmers (Accon- AVM)  512 (31%) responded ● 212 had sensor systems (41 %)  Permission to use MPR data: 414 (37 % with sensors)  Available accountancy data: 217 farms Steeneveld et al., 2015, J. Dairy Sci. Steeneveld & Hogeveen, 2015, J. Dairy Sci
    13. 13. Sensor systems in use (%; n=152) 103 AMS farms 49 CMS farms Electrical conductivity sensor 98 41 Colour sensor 62 2 Somatic cell count sensor 15 0 Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) sensor 2 2
    14. 14. Sensor systems in use (%; n=152) 103 AMS farms 49 CMS farms Electrical conductivity sensor 98 41 Colour sensor 62 2 Somatic cell count sensor 15 0 Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) sensor 2 2 Activity meters or pedometers for dairy cows 46 94 Progesterone sensor 1 2 Milk temperature sensor 50 6 Weighing platform 31 6 Fat and protein sensor 22 0 Rumination activity sensor 11 20 Temperature sensor 6 18 Beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) sensor 2 2 Urea sensor 1 2 Other sensor systems 4 8 Activity meters or pedometers for young stock 13 35
    15. 15. Year of investment (CMS farms) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Mastitis Rumination Estrus
    16. 16. Reasons to invest (CMS farms; %) Rumination (10) Activity (57) Temperature (4) Reduce labor 30 39 6 Improve health 70 81 25 Insight in health 60 46 0 Not a concise decision 10 4 50 Improve profitability 30 47 0 Other 10 5 25
    17. 17. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    18. 18. Udder health sensors Farms AMS farms CMS farms No sensors Before sensors After sensors Before sensors After sensors Number of cows % growth in size Milk production (lbs/cow/year) 86 3.5 18,354 (8,343) 82 2.6 18,476 (8,398) 97 4.2 18,828 (8,558) 127 6.0 18,416 (8,371) 159 9.7 17,994 (8,179)
    19. 19. Effects on udder health 190 195 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 No sensor system AMS farms before investment AMS farms after investment CMS farms before investment CMS farms after investment Somaticcellcount(*1,000cells/ml)
    20. 20. Estrus detection sensors Farms AMS farms CMS farms No sensors Before sensors After sensors Before sensors After sensors Number of cows % growth in size Milk production (lbs/cow/year) 85 3.5 18,352 (8,342) 86 2.8 18,641 (8,473) 102 5.3 18,990 (8,632) 104 4.0 18,139 (8,245) 131 6.1 17,989 (8,177)
    21. 21. Effects on reproduction 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 No sensor system AMS farms before investment AMS farms after investment CMS farms before investment CMS farms after investment Daystofirstservice
    22. 22. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    23. 23. Theoretic calculations estrus detection  Advantages twofold ● Labour savings ● Better estrus detection rates -> preg rates  Clear management (decision support) associated with information Visual SN 50%, SP 100% Sensor SN 80%, SP 95%
    24. 24. Titelstijl van model bewerken • Klik om de tekststijl van het model te bewerken – Tweede niveau • Derde niveau – Vierde niveau » Vijfde niveau Investment analysis Cash flow ($/year) Internal Rate of Return (%) Pay back period (Years) Average 3,259 11% 7 Rutten et al., 2014 J. Dairy Sci. $US = € 0.89
    25. 25. Reality ($/100 lbs milk) No sensor AMS CMS Before After Before After Capital costs 5.74 5.34a 7.68b 6.09c 6.28c Labour costs 6.30 5.95a 5.75a 5.75c 5.31c Variable costs 9.44 9.11a 9.5a 8.85c 9.29c Revenues 23.56 22.36a 23.61b 23.30c 24.01c Profit 2.07 1.97a 0.66b 2.60c 3.14c
    26. 26. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    27. 27. aantall en NL noeme n FIRST STEP: 2011 – 2014 Co-operation project 3 large co-operatieons 7 companies 5 research organisations 7 farmers Goal: Support dairy farmers in caring for individual animals Good health, longer life and longer production time of cows
    28. 28. 32 The cow central Farmer rules Real time models of different parties Sensors of different companies Other data sources InfoBroker: Open platform for sensor data Work instructions Dit project is mogelijk gemaakt door:
    29. 29. What can you expect from me  Developments in Dutch dairy industry  Automatic milking  Use of sensor systems  Effect of sensor systems  Economic potential vs reality  Sharing data  Wrap up
    30. 30. Current demands to dairy industry  Animal well-being  Consumer demands  Environment  Labor  Economics We have to reduce the use of scarce resources So: explore the full potential of each individual dairy cow
    31. 31. Go back to the individual cow  One size does not fit all!!  We are throwing away a part of the potential of our dairy cows!!!!  Dutch farmers do not fully utilize potential
    32. 32. Thank you for your attention I wish you a great conference @henkhogeveen animal-health-management.blogspot.com www.slideshare.net/henkhogeveen Thank you for your attention Welcome in Leeuwarden 2016

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