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Ages & Stagesof Youth Development          Cheryl Newberry  Extension Program Specialist—4-H       c-newberry@tamu.edu    ...
Characteristics of Development     • Physical     • Social     • Emotional     • Intellectual
Who and/or what influences achild’s growth and development?       •   Parents       •   Caregivers       •   Teachers     ...
Principles of Development• Development is orderly, not random.• Development is a continuous and gradual  process.• Develop...
Ages & Stages   Activity
What do youthink of whenwe talk about  6-8 year    olds?
Physical Characteristics of 6-8           Year Olds  • Growing slowly  • Learning to master physical skills  • Can control...
Social Characteristics of 6-8         Year Olds • Learning how to be friends; may have   many friends • Fighting occurs – ...
Emotional Characteristics of      6-8 Year Olds• Self-centered• Seeking approval from adults• Avoids punishment• Sensitive...
Intellectual Characteristics of        6-8 Year Olds  • Concrete thinkers – base thinking in    reality  • Can’t multi-tas...
What do youthink of whenwe talk about  9-11 year    olds?
Physical Characteristics of 9-11           Year Olds • Moving all the time—can’t sit still! • Growth spurt – beginning ado...
Social Characteristics for 9-11          Year Olds • Joining clubs; same sex groups • Don’t understand view points of   ot...
Emotional Characteristics of      9-11 Year Olds• Weak sense of individual identity• Moody!!!• Justice and equality become...
Intellectual Characteristics of        9-11 Year Olds? • Until 11, think concretely – black/white   – then begin to unders...
What do youthink of whenwe talk about 12-14 Year    Olds?
Physical Characteristics of 12-14           Year Olds • Many physical changes • Boys may still be growing; Boys   usually ...
Social Characteristics of 12-14          Year Olds • Looking for activities involving opposite   sex • Look more to peers ...
Emotional Characteristics of 12-         14 Year Olds  • Compare themselves to others  • See themselves as always on cente...
Intellectual Characteristics of        12-14 Year Olds   • Gain cognitive and study skills   • Learning abstract thinking ...
What do youthink of whenwe talk about    15-18 Year Olds?
Physical Characteristics of 15-         18 Year Olds  • Concerned about body image  • Exhibit smaller range in size and   ...
Social Characteristics of    15-18 Year Olds• Tend to romanticize sexuality but moving toward  better understanding of rea...
Emotional Characteristics of 15-                18 Year Olds • Desire respect• Accepting their own uniqueness but still se...
Intellectual Characteristics of        15-18 Year Olds  • Are mastering abstract thinking  • Can imagine impact of present...
4-H Application         Discussion• How do we manage 4-H project  groups that have youth ages 9-18  involved?• How do we m...
4-H Application         Discussion• How do we manage the volunteer(s) who are  not using youth development principles  whe...
Practical Implications• For younger children:  – Understand that young children are limited by    their developmental capa...
Practical Implications• For adolescents/teens:  – Encourage emerging independence, but maintain    structure, boundaries, ...
"One hundred years from now, it will not matter what my bank account was, how big my house was,or what kind of car I drove...
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Ages & stages ppt

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ages of children

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Ages & stages ppt

  1. 1. Ages & Stagesof Youth Development Cheryl Newberry Extension Program Specialist—4-H c-newberry@tamu.edu 830.278.9151
  2. 2. Characteristics of Development • Physical • Social • Emotional • Intellectual
  3. 3. Who and/or what influences achild’s growth and development? • Parents • Caregivers • Teachers • Peers • Extended Family • Community • Media • Heredity • Environment
  4. 4. Principles of Development• Development is orderly, not random.• Development is a continuous and gradual process.• Development is most rapid during the early stages of infancy and the adolescent years.• Not all children develop at the same pace.• Not all children possess the same temperament.• Development occurs within a larger context.• Development is a multi-faceted concept.
  5. 5. Ages & Stages Activity
  6. 6. What do youthink of whenwe talk about 6-8 year olds?
  7. 7. Physical Characteristics of 6-8 Year Olds • Growing slowly • Learning to master physical skills • Can control large muscles better than small muscles Implications: • Messy with meals, arts/crafts • Conduct activities that encourage large muscle use
  8. 8. Social Characteristics of 6-8 Year Olds • Learning how to be friends; may have many friends • Fighting occurs – doesn’t last long • Boys begin to separate from girls Implications: • Small groups encourage social interaction • Role playing encourages empathy • Mixed gender activities
  9. 9. Emotional Characteristics of 6-8 Year Olds• Self-centered• Seeking approval from adults• Avoids punishment• Sensitive to criticism; don’t like failureImplications:• Be positive!• Plan activities that promote success• Foster cooperation, not competition
  10. 10. Intellectual Characteristics of 6-8 Year Olds • Concrete thinkers – base thinking in reality • Can’t multi-task well • More interested in doing things than the end result Implications: • Plan short activities • Focus on process, not final product • Allow for exploration and inquiry
  11. 11. What do youthink of whenwe talk about 9-11 year olds?
  12. 12. Physical Characteristics of 9-11 Year Olds • Moving all the time—can’t sit still! • Growth spurt – beginning adolescence • Females mature before males Implications: • Provide active learning experiences • Avoid competition between boys and girls
  13. 13. Social Characteristics for 9-11 Year Olds • Joining clubs; same sex groups • Don’t understand view points of others, but like to make others happy • Like to please adults with successful project completion Implications: • Use Group Learning with same sex members • Encourage older mentors to work with the group
  14. 14. Emotional Characteristics of 9-11 Year Olds• Weak sense of individual identity• Moody!!!• Justice and equality become important• Need to feel part of something important• Begin to question authority but still want guidanceImplications:• Don’t compare youth to each other• Help them identify their strengths• Emphasize progress made from previous performance
  15. 15. Intellectual Characteristics of 9-11 Year Olds? • Until 11, think concretely – black/white – then begin to understand new ideas • Learning to think abstractly • More immersed in subjects that interest them • Want to find own solutions Implications: • Use simple, short directions and brief learning experiences • Offer a wide range of activities to ensure success
  16. 16. What do youthink of whenwe talk about 12-14 Year Olds?
  17. 17. Physical Characteristics of 12-14 Year Olds • Many physical changes • Boys may still be growing; Boys usually reach maximum height by 16, girl by 14 Implications: • Be willing to answer questions • Avoid comments that criticize or compare youth physically
  18. 18. Social Characteristics of 12-14 Year Olds • Looking for activities involving opposite sex • Look more to peers than parents • Searching for adult role models; fan clubs • Tend to reject solutions from adults in favor of their own Implications: • Let them plan own programs • Establish climate that is conducive to peer support • Emphasize personal development
  19. 19. Emotional Characteristics of 12- 14 Year Olds • Compare themselves to others • See themselves as always on center stage • Want to be autonomous from parents • Abandon view of parents as all powerful • Unsettled emotions • Strive to earn independence, yet want and need parents’ help Implications: • Let teens assume responsibility – expect them to follow through • Help them explore identity, values, beliefs • Help them develop individual skills • Encourage youth and adults working together
  20. 20. Intellectual Characteristics of 12-14 Year Olds • Gain cognitive and study skills • Learning abstract thinking • Ready for in-depth, long-term experiences • Like to set goals based on their needs • Moved from fantasy to realistic focus on their life’s goals Implications: • Give them real-life problems to solve • Let them make decisions and evaluate outcomes • Encourage service learning • Plan career exploration activities
  21. 21. What do youthink of whenwe talk about 15-18 Year Olds?
  22. 22. Physical Characteristics of 15- 18 Year Olds • Concerned about body image • Exhibit smaller range in size and maturity among peers • Tend to have realistic view of limits to which body can be tested Implications: • Be willing to answer questions • Avoid comments that criticize or compare youth • Set a good example for health and physical fitness
  23. 23. Social Characteristics of 15-18 Year Olds• Tend to romanticize sexuality but moving toward better understanding of reality• Search for intimacy; test sexual attractiveness• Makes commitments and can follow through• Desire respect; wants adult leadership roles• Are apt to reject goals set by othersImplications:• Let them plan own programs• Establish climate that is conducive to peer support• Emphasize personal development and leadership
  24. 24. Emotional Characteristics of 15- 18 Year Olds • Desire respect• Accepting their own uniqueness but still seek approval from peers• Look for confidence of others in their decisions• Developing own set of values and beliefs• Gaining autonomy; introspective• Can initiate and carry out tasks without supervisionImplications:• Let teens assume responsibility – expect them to follow through• Help them explore identity, values, beliefs• Help them develop individual skills• Encourage youth and adults working together
  25. 25. Intellectual Characteristics of 15-18 Year Olds • Are mastering abstract thinking • Can imagine impact of present behavior on future • Enjoy demonstrating acquired knowledge • Will lose patience with meaningless activities Implications: • Give them real-life problems to solve • Let them make decisions and evaluate outcomes • Encourage service learning • Plan career exploration activities
  26. 26. 4-H Application Discussion• How do we manage 4-H project groups that have youth ages 9-18 involved?• How do we manage involving youth in meaningful ways in club meetings that are age appropriate?
  27. 27. 4-H Application Discussion• How do we manage the volunteer(s) who are not using youth development principles when working with children?• What can we do to address the needs of teens and keep them involved in 4-H according to the youth development principles?• Other situations?
  28. 28. Practical Implications• For younger children: – Understand that young children are limited by their developmental capacities – Organize activities & events that are age- appropriate – Encourage active involvement rather than competition – Build upon children’s physical, social, emotional, and cognitive skills – Be generous with praise – Encourage exploration – Provide clear rules, boundaries, & structure
  29. 29. Practical Implications• For adolescents/teens: – Encourage emerging independence, but maintain structure, boundaries, rules – Be sensitive to self-image issues – Be open to discussing/handling sensitive issues – Foster positive peer interaction – Be a positive role model – Provide constructive criticism along with positive feedback – Promote hands-on activities & experiential learning opportunities
  30. 30. "One hundred years from now, it will not matter what my bank account was, how big my house was,or what kind of car I drove. But the world may bea little better, because I was important in the life of a child." Forest Witcraft The difference between involvement and commitment is like an eggs-and-ham breakfast:the chicken was ‘involved’ – the pig was ‘committed.’

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