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eLearning, an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer

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A presentation delivered at a Knowledge Management conference in 2009 on the application of eLearning between as disadvantaged SA school and and Irish school for HIV knowledge transfer.

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eLearning, an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer

  1. 1. eLearning - an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer Hendra van Zyl, Pieter Visser, Elmarie van Wyk SA Medical Research Council
  2. 2. Presentation outline KM in a health context Project background Clarifying terminology and theory Project aim and objectives Knowledge transfer and knowledge sharing SA curriculum aligned eMaterial Results of the intervention Comments by participants Conclusion eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  3. 3. IKM in a health context In public health Informatics & and medicine, knowledge much of this work management involves the forms a major management of activity of the medical knowledge health care so that the target profession and audience can environment optimally use it. In this context, Knowledge Management constitutes the identification, mobilisation and use of knowledge to improve decisions and actions. eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  4. 4. Project background The Web and Media Technologies Platform of the MRC applies a convergence of eHealth technologies for health knowledge transfer to points of need WMTP is a partner in the Irish-funded Zisukhanyo Schools Project. The highest incidence of HIV-infection in South Africa occurs in the age group 15–24 Incidence refers to new HIV infections1 In Ireland, the percentage of new HIV infections in the age group 15-29 years was 39% (n=405) in 2008 with 36% among females 2 1) Dorrington, R.E., Johnson, J.F., Bradshaw, D. & Daniel,T. (2006). The demographic impact of HIV/AIDS in South Africa. National and provincial indicators for 2006. Cape Town: Centre for Actuarial Research, South African Medical Research Council and Actuarial Society of South Africa. 2) ECDC 2007 report http://ecdc.europa.eu/ eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  5. 5. Clarifying terminology and theory eHealth Health belief theory Resource – based eLearning Knowledge transfer & knowledge sharing eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  6. 6. Project aim The aim of the Collaborative eLearning Project was to transfer HIV knowledge to learners through the technique of resource-based eLearning. eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  7. 7. Objectives for knowledge transfer and sharing Transfer HIV knowledge via eLearning Create opportunity to gain reliable HIV knowledge Develop an HIV brochure - Knowledge demonstrating sharing knowledge uptake via eMail discussion forum
  8. 8. eLearning and collaboration Phase 1 eLearning Collaboration Phase 2 eMail among eLessons learners Discussion Interactive forum activities knowledge sharing Collaboratively Resources for developed HIV revision brochures in small groups
  9. 9. SA curriculum aligned eMaterial The first module, What is HIV/AIDS? with its two eLessons covered the origins of the HI-virus; and what the disease HIV and AIDS is and its effects. Each of the eLessons was enhanced with activities that allowed learners to digest the information. The next module, How does HIV spread? consisted of four eLessons that covered HIV transmission methods; myths about HIV transmission; more ways of HIV transmission; as well as phases and symptoms of HIV and AIDS. These were enhanced with a variety of activities after each lesson. The third module, What can we do not to become infected? consisted of two eLessons covering prevention methods; and tips to change risky behaviour. Again interesting activities were included to bring the messages home. The topic of the fourth module was What if I am HIV-positive? and consisted of three eLessons that included HIV testing; antiretroviral treatment; and counseling. It included activities to enhance the material. The last module looked at Living with AIDS and consisted of three eLessons how to address what the HIV-positive person can do; what caregivers can do; and helping a friend who has AIDS, with exercises and activities. eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  10. 10. Evaluating the intervention Learners completed a structured, eQuestionnaire before and after the project and, coupled with the HIV brochures and educators’ reports, researchers gained insight into their uptake of HIV knowledge. Of the total of 36 learners that participated in the project, 21 were girls and 15 were boys. The Irish transition year learners were 3 years older than the SA learners. Of the 23 questions, 18 showed statistical significant (p<0.05) improvements when results of the pre-questionnaire were compared to those of the post-questionnaire. eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  11. 11. Selected results Cross tabulations compared similar questions in order to verify if answers correlated as the example in Table 1 below. Table 1: Questions on ARVs Anti-retroviral medicine can help your body to ... 2009 - Before 2009 – After 2007 – Baseline SA 4% 36% Irish 28% 71% Effects of anti-retroviral therapy SA 9% 22% 16% Irish 35% 71% 53% eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  12. 12. Results / continued Figure 1 below compares their knowledge of the ABC strategy for HIV prevention before and after the intervention 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Baseline Before After SA 66% 41% 91% Ireland 69% 42% 92% Figure 1: ABC strategy results before and after the intervention eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  13. 13. ICTs used in collaborative phase eMail / discussion forum / brochures in Word / Post eQuestionnaire Crossed digital divide eLearning on HIV took place in a secure area in the AfroAIDSinfo portal ICTs used in eLearning phase eQuestionnaires / eLessons / interactive activities / Search engines / Web sites eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  14. 14. Learners’ perceptions Figure 2 below shows learners perceptions on the ICTs to assist them in knowledge uptake while crossing the digital divide Learners comments on the use of ICTs 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Helped me to learn Difficult to learn but I Too complicated to Very interesting to use more about the world enjoyed it use SA 86% 82% 32% 0% Irish 50% 79% 0% 0% Figure 2: Learners perceptions of ICTs to cross the digital divide eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  15. 15. Learners perceptions /cont Figure 3 shows learners perceptions of knowledge transfer when crossing socio-economic divides Effects of the Collaborative eLearning Project 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Changed Showed me Changed my attitude that I can my attitude Helped me An towards work with about to learn Taught me interesting those Too difficult people from people from more about nothing new exercise suffering other other HIV/AIDS from countries countries HIV/AIDS and cultures and cultures Irish 93% 0% 57% 36% 14% 71% 36% SA 100% 0% 82% 64% 5% 91% 64% Figure 3: Learners’ perceptions on crossing socio-economic divides eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  16. 16. Primary and secondary benefits Learners were primary beneficiaries: HIV brochures through transfer of were disseminated HIV knowledge / to parents and exposure to ICTs / community crossing socio- Benefits members. economic divide Educators knowledge increased / the project was integrated in SA in Life Orientation / both schools know where to find reliable HIV information eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  17. 17. In conclusion The project showed that learning could take place effectively through the application of ICTs (knowledge transfer) and collaboration (knowledge sharing) … even among learners from different age groups, socio-economic status and cultural backgrounds, and could add an interesting dimension which in this technological age, stimulated young minds to make sacrifices in order to learn about topic such as HIV and AIDS. eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  18. 18. Participants comments Learners “I extremely enjoyed the project. I've learnt a lot more about computers, HIV/AIDS and communicating with other learners. I've met new friends and have got a e-mail address. The brochure project I've enjoyed most of all. Being a part of it was a great opportunity, I never had a problem with staying after school.” - SA learner “Overall I really enjoyed the experience and learnt a lot from it!! It was really nice to talk to different people about a topic that they are so aware of and to collaborate in a project between the two different nations, thanks for a great experience! - Irish learner Educators “This programme is extremely valuable and beneficial to students and should be compulsory in some form in schools. In depth knowledge into this topic is worthy of study and students should be exposed to this kind of information and awareness. Particularly for students who don’t live with HIV/AIDS in their everyday environment. The use of computers to do this is a useful/modern and effective method.” The programme definitely broadened the learners’ knowledge of HIV and AIDS. “These learners have excelled in their Life Orientation assessment where they were tested on sexuality and HIV/AIDS which is part of the curriculum.” Cultural differences were interesting and the SA learners learnt about St Patrick’s day and exchanged SA information. eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009
  19. 19. Acknowledgement SA Medical Research Council Protea Schools Development Project Irish AID eLearning – an interactive technique for HIV knowledge transfer. ICKE, October 2009

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