Unit 6 – politics in america


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Unit 6 – politics in america

  1. 1. Unit 6 – Politics in America
  2. 2. I. Parties
  3. 3. A. Pre-Revolution <ul><li>Loyalists – wanted to stay with England </li></ul><ul><li>Patriots – wanted to revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral – did not favor a side </li></ul>
  4. 4. B. Constitution <ul><li>Federalists – favored creation, strong, central government. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-federalists – opposed creation, favored states. </li></ul>
  5. 5. C. Early Republic <ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose constructionists. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Marshall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington favored them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democratic Republicans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict constructionists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common man should have rights </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. C. Early Republic continued… <ul><li>Federalists lose elections to Jefferson. </li></ul><ul><li>They oppose the War of 1812 and looked like traitors. </li></ul><ul><li>The party dies. </li></ul><ul><li>Nation enters period known as “Era of Good Feelings,” cause there was only one party. </li></ul>
  7. 7. D. Split <ul><li>Too many people that disagree run for president in 1824. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker Henry Clay “gives” election to John Q. Adams. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson supporters are mad and break off to form Democrats. </li></ul><ul><li>Adams supporters become Whigs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. E. Jackson Era <ul><li>Jackson wins in 1828. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports common man. </li></ul><ul><li>Builds “party machine.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizes in cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hires workers to promote party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributes pamphlets. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. F. Slavery <ul><li>Whigs support nationalism, but are divided over slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Party splits between North and South. </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners abolitionists join Free Soil party to make the Republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>They are able to win election 1860 with Abe Lincoln. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats are weakened by divisions till 1930’s. </li></ul>
  10. 10. G. Progressive Era <ul><li>Socialists and Populists favor worker’s rights and opportunity for poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats and Republicans make liberal ideas their own. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition. </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul>
  11. 11. H. New Deal <ul><li>People are disappointed with conservative Republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>New Deal coalition is an umbrella of supporters for Dems. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners (conservative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern and Southern Europeans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African-Americans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligentsia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All hope for economic intervention. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They hold onto most of the White House 1932-1968 and most of Congress 1930-1994. </li></ul>
  12. 12. I. Change in Politics <ul><li>Reagan (R) makes party more conservative. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports a big military to end Cold War. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dislikes big taxes and government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes American proud again after troubled 1970’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clinton (D) brings party to a central point to compete with GOP. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut taxes for middle class. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tones down support for abortion and gays. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used military to protect people of Kosovo from persecution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts welfare to work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balances the budget. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. J. Parties Today
  14. 14. 1. Republicans <ul><li>Family Values (Christian-Judean) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favor traditional marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low taxes, equal for all people. </li></ul><ul><li>Small government </li></ul><ul><li>Big military </li></ul><ul><li>Isolationist (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-gun </li></ul><ul><li>Midwest and South, rural areas. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 2. Democrats <ul><li>Pro-choice </li></ul><ul><li>Favor civil unions </li></ul><ul><li>Use government to create economic opportunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Internationalists – use peace, United Nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes should be progressive, heavier for the rich. </li></ul><ul><li>West Coast, Great Lakes, Northeast, urban areas. </li></ul>
  16. 16. K. Third Parties
  17. 17. 1. Ideological <ul><li>Philosophy or way of thinking that impacts many issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Communists & Socialists = Karl Marx. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Party = Strict Constructionist </li></ul><ul><li>Libertarian = John Locke, Thomas Jefferson & protecting rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform Party = fix problematic gov’t. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 2. Economic Issues <ul><li>One specific money issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Taxpayers = low taxes </li></ul>
  19. 19. 3. Single Issue <ul><li>Only concerned about one issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition = no drinking </li></ul><ul><li>Green Party = started to fix environment, now covers more issues. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 4. Splinter Party <ul><li>Break off from large party. </li></ul><ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt’s Bull Moose Party broke away from Rep. in 1912. </li></ul><ul><li>Progressives and Dixiecrats broke away from Dems. In 1948. </li></ul>
  21. 21. L. Organization <ul><li>Party meetings at county and state level. </li></ul><ul><li>National committee decides platform and election strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Chairperson runs committee, can be selected by president if he is in same party. </li></ul><ul><li>Conventions are every four years to nominate president. </li></ul>
  22. 22. II. Elections
  23. 23. A. Primaries <ul><li>Spring </li></ul><ul><li>Different in each state. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose candidates for party </li></ul><ul><li>In PA they are closed, you can only vote within your party. </li></ul>
  24. 24. B. General <ul><li>First Tuesday following the first Monday of November. </li></ul><ul><li>All voters select the winners for offices. </li></ul>
  25. 25. C. Presidential Elections <ul><li>Exploratory committee is set up to find out if they have a chance. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates visit New Hampshire for first primary in January. </li></ul><ul><li>They visit Iowa for first caucuses (where party officials choose candidate). </li></ul><ul><li>They gather as many delegate votes for their convention in the summer. </li></ul>
  26. 26. III. Civics
  27. 27. A. About Civics <ul><li>Study of citizenship and the relationship between you and the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ a productive, responsible, caring, and contributing member of society.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural born – born in USA or internationally to American citizens. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Naturalized – Foreign born person meets requirements. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a.) Permanent resident for 5 years. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b.) Good moral character </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>c.) Read and write basic English </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>d.) Passes test on gov’t and history </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. B. Civic Responsibility <ul><li>Musts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jury duty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selective Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obey the law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voluntary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courteous, respect others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work, contribute to economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable of events </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. g. Critical of government <ul><li>Declaration of Independence – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a.) Gov’t should protect rights. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b.) People should protest if they do not. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c.) People may destroy the gov’t and create a new one. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unalienable rights – life, liberty, & pursuit of happiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution – Bill of rights (first ten amendments). </li></ul><ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt “duty to criticize the president.” </li></ul>
  30. 30. C. Historical Roots <ul><li>George Washington gave up power so his position would not be a dictatorship. </li></ul><ul><li>Founding fathers risked life to revolt in 1776 and form Constitution in 1787. </li></ul><ul><li>Men and women served in military to protect nation and keep peace in world. </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King Jr. used peaceful protest=civil disobedience </li></ul>
  31. 31. D. Media <ul><li>Medium is a means of communication. </li></ul><ul><li>TV is the most popular, internet is catching up. </li></ul><ul><li>Sound bites = short & catchy messages. </li></ul>
  32. 32. E. Public Opinion <ul><li>Politicians want a mandate, are curious of public opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>Polls draw samples to predict what the universe believes. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest groups like trade associations lobby politicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Political Action Committees (PAC) fund campaigns. </li></ul>
  33. 33. F. Voting Rights Amendments <ul><li>15 th </li></ul><ul><li>19 th </li></ul><ul><li>24 th </li></ul><ul><li>26 th </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Poll Tax outlawed </li></ul><ul><li>18 Years </li></ul>