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The progressive era roosevelt


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The progressive era roosevelt

  1. 1. The Progressive Era 1890-1920 Roosevelt and Progressivism
  2. 2. The Rise of Progressivism <ul><li>What problems did reformers seek to solve? </li></ul><ul><li>Problems from rapid growth of cities and industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Political and social reform movements emerged. </li></ul><ul><li>Progressivism – to promote social welfare; to expand democracy, and to create economic reform. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Promoting Social Reform <ul><li>Progressive movement helped by journalists – muckrakers – tried to discover corruption in society. Fueled public demand for reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Social reform – help the poor, the unemployed, immigrants, and workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Provided education, community centers, limits on working hours, minimum wage laws; Prohibitionist –prevent alcohol sales and manufacutring. (temperance movement) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Expanding Democracy <ul><li>Patronage – giving jobs in exchange for political support. </li></ul><ul><li>Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 –pass a test for gov. jobs and no firing for political reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Primary –voters could choose candidates for public office. </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative- voters may directly propose laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Referendum – Voters can approve proposed laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Recall – Elected officials can be voted out of office. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Creating Economic Reform <ul><li>Trusts – created to cut prices and squeeze out competition. Raise prices and make large profits. </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 – made trust illegal; but not enforced yet. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify problems that progressive reformers wanted to solve. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal <ul><li>What was Roosevelt’s Square Deal? </li></ul><ul><li>1901 – Roosevelt youngest president that the nation had ever had. </li></ul><ul><li>Known for fighting corruption; government’s purpose was to ensure fairness. </li></ul><ul><li>Square Deal – policy to ensure fairness for workers, consumers, and big business. </li></ul><ul><li>Enforced the Sherman Antitrust Act – targeted railroads; Standard Oil Co. and tobacco. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Protecting Consumers <ul><li>Upton Sinclair’s – The Jungle – exposed sanitary conditions of the meat packing industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Meat Inspection Act – created government inspection of meat program. </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Food and Drug Act – banned the sale of impure foods and medicines. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conserving Natural Resources <ul><li>Strong crusader for conservation – controlling how natural resources were used. </li></ul><ul><li>Preserved Grand Canyon; Muir Woods(CA); wildlife refuge at Pelican Island (FL). </li></ul><ul><li>Created the U.S. Forest Service </li></ul><ul><li>Name the accomplishments of Roosevelt’s Square Deal. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Roosevelt’s Civil Rights Dilemma <ul><li>What was Roosevelt’s civil rights dilemma? </li></ul><ul><li>Did not push for civil rights and suffrage, but did feel African-Americans would achieve if given the same opportunities as whites. </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed African Americans to Souther political offices; denounced lynching. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fierce Opposition <ul><li>Invited Booker T. Washington to stay for dinner after a meeting in the White House. </li></ul><ul><li>Angered many Southerners. </li></ul><ul><li>Afraid it might hurt his bid for re-election; never asked an African American to dinner again. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-elected, but no more to advance African American rights; Atlanta race riots; Aasoldiers discharged for allegedly conspiring to protect fellow AA soldiers. </li></ul>