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verbs followed by to + infinitivebacknext1 Some verbs are followed by the to-infinitive:I decided to go home as soon as possible.We all wanted to have more English classes.Common verbs followed by the to-infinitive are:Verbs of thinking and feeling:• choose• decide• expect• forget• hate• hope• intend• learn• like• love• mean• plan• prefer• remember• would like
• would loveVerbs of saying:• agree• promise• refuseOther common verbs are:• arrange• attempt• fail• help• manage• tend• try• want2 Some verbs are followed by a noun and theto-infinitive:She asked him to send her a text message.He wanted all his friends to come to hisparty.Common verbs with this pattern are:Verbs of saying:
• advise• ask• encourage• invite• order• persuade• remind• tell• warn **Note: The verb warn is normally used with notThe police warned everyone not to drive toofast.Verbs of wanting or liking:• expect• intend• would• prefer• want• would likeOther verbs with this pattern are:• allow• enable
• force• get• teach3. Passive infinitiveMany of these verbs are sometimes followedby a passive infinitive(to be + past participle):I expected to be met when I arrived at thestation.They wanted to be told if anythinghappened.I don’t like driving myself. I prefer to bedriven.Activity 1(pop-up): Match the to infinitiveclauses to the sentence beginnings.Activity 2(pop-up): Match the to infinitiveclauses to the sentence beginnings.Activity 3(pop-up): Match the to infinitiveclauses to the sentence beginningsverbs followed by -ing clausesbacknext
Common verbs followed by –ing nouns are:Verbs of liking and disliking:• detest• dislike• enjoy• hate• fancy• like• loveI love swimming but I hate jogging.They always enjoyed visiting their friends.A: Do you fancy going for a walk?B: I wouldn’t mindPhrases with mind:• wouldn’t mind (= would like)• don’t mind (= I am willing to)• would you mind (= will you please…?)I wouldn’t mind having some fish andchips.I don’t mind waiting for a few minutes.Would you mind holding this for me?
Verbs of saying and thinking:• admit• consider• deny• imagine• remember• suggestOur guide suggested waiting until the stormwas over.Everyone denied seeing the accident.Other common verbs are:• avoid• begin• finish• keep• miss• practise• risk• start• stopI haven’t finished writing this letter.Let’s practise speaking English.
Passive form of -ingMany of these verbs are sometimes followed bythe passive form of -ing: being + past participleI don’t like being interrupted.Our dog loves being stroked under the chin.Noun + -ing clauseSome verbs are followed by a noun and an -ingclause:Verbs to do with the senses:• see• watch• hear• smell• listen to• etc.We saw everybody running away.I could hear someone singing.Other common verbs:• catch• find
• imagine• leave• prevent• stopI caught someone trying to break into myhouse.We couldn’t prevent them getting awayverbs followed by that clausebacknextWith "that"We can use clauses with that:• after verbs of thinking:• think• believe• expect• decide• hope• know• understand• suppose• guess• imagine
• feel• remember• forgetI hope that you will enjoy your holiday.She didn’t really think that it would happen.I knew that I had seen her somewherebefore.• after verbs of saying:• say• admit• argue• reply• agree• claim• deny• mention• answer• complain• explain• promise• suggestThey admitted that they had made a mistake.She argued that they should invest more in
the business.The children complained that they hadnothing to do.Note: tell and some other verbs of saying mustalways have a direct object (see clauses,sentences and phrases):• tell• convince• persuade• inform• remindWe tried to tell them that they should stopwhat they were doing.The police informed everybody that thedanger was over.• as postmodifiers after nouns to do withthinking or saying:• advice• belief• claim• feeling• argument
• hope• promise• report• guess• opinion• ideaHe made a promise that he would do all hecould to help.I had a funny feeling that something waswrong.• after some nouns to say more about the noun:• fact• advantage• effect• possibility• chance• danger• evidence• problem• difficultyShe pointed out the danger that they mightbe left behind.There was a chance that we would succeed
Note: We often use a that clause to defineone of these nouns after the verb be :• danger• problem• chance• possibility• factThe danger is that we will be left behind.The fact is that it is getting very late.• after some adjectives which describe feelingsto give a reason for our feelings:• pleased• sorry• happy• unhappy• sad• excited• glad• disappointed• afraidI am sorry that you can’t come.Everybody was pleased that the danger was
past.It is lucky that you were able to drive ushome.No "that"NOTE: We can always use a clause without theword that:They admitted [that] they had made amistake.The police informed everybody [that] thedanger was over.I am sorry [that] you can’t come.There was chance [that] we would succeed