Types of donors
• Organ donation
is the process of
a person donating
their organs for
are given to someone
with damaged organs
that need to be
• An organ
transplant may save
a person's life, or
•First, it is important to
specify that organs
and/or tissues that are
transplanted within the
same person's body are
•Transplants that are
between two subjects of
the same species are
Allografts can either be
Brain stem dead donor
•Most organ donations are from brain stem
dead donors. This means the donor has been
confirmed brain stem dead following a severe
brain injury. The circulation is supported by
artificial ventilation until the donated organs
have been removed.
•Heart beating donations have a high success
rate because the organs are supported by
oxygenated blood until they are removed.
Cardiac Dead Donor
•Organs and tissue can also be donated after
cardiac death. In the UK, almost all donors of
this type are people who have died in
intensive care from severe brain injuries, but
who are not quite brain stem dead.
•In these cases, the organs must be removed
within a few minutes of the heart stopping to
prevent them being damaged by a lack of
•A live organ donation usually involves one
family member donating an organ to another
family member. The relative is usually blood-
related, most commonly a parent, although it
could be a partner.
Good Samaritan or "altruistic" donation is giving a donation
to someone not well-known to the donor. Web sites are
being developed to facilitate such donation.
In compensated donation, donors get money or other
compensation in exchange for their organs. This practice is
common in some parts of the world.
In certain countries the authorities are taking organs from
those considered undesirable, such as prison populations.
However, The World Medical Association stated that
individuals in detention are not in the position to give free
consent to donate their organs.
•All people can be considered as being
potential organ, tissue and eye donors after
death has been declared. However, the
presence of active cancer, active HIV, active
infection or Intravenous (IV) drug use would
absolutely rule out donation. Patients who
have Hepatitis C may still donate organs to a
patient who also has Hepatitis C. The same is
true for Hepatitis B — but this happens less
frequently. Most cancer patients may donate
•Sometimes there is no donor at all, that is to
say that an artificial organ can be used.
HOW TO BE A DONOR IN
-Inform your family members, friends and doctors that you want to
be a donor.
-Complete a card specifying your will to become a donor and keep it
in your wallet, car, etc and give copies to your family, doctor or
- Assign to a relative the power of medical decisions in your name.
-There are no age limits to be a donor (if you are under age 18, your
parents or guardian must give you permission to become a volunteer
-The Incucai registers your personal volition about organ donation
after death, whether you agree or disagree. In case you want to
become a donor you have to sign an explicit manifestation of will for
organs and tissue donation.
Also you can be registered as a donor at the
time you make your new ID
• 1 ) How many kinds of donors can you
• 2 ) What do you think about becoming a
donor? Would you be one?