The Olympic Games began over 2,700 years ago in Olympia, in southwest Greece. The Games were part of a religious festival and they were held in honour of Zeus. They were staged every four years at Olympia. People from all over the Greek world came to watch and take part. The Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the modern Olympics in Athens in 1896 to reunite the world through sports.
The mottoThe Olympic motto ismade up of three Latinwords:"Citius, Altius, Fortius", which means"Faster, Higher, Stronger".“The most important thingis not to win but to takepart ”
The Olympic Values The founder of the Olympic Games, Pierre de Coubertin, saw in the Games an ideal opportunity to develop a set of universal principles or values that could be applied to education and society as a whole, as well as to sport itself. These Values can be interpreted as: • RESPECT– fair play; knowing one’s own limits; and taking care of one’s health and the environment • EXCELLENCE– how to give the best of oneself, on the field of play or in life; taking part; and progressing according to one’s own objectives • FRIENDSHIP – how to understand each other through sport despite any differences
The Olympic Games were held every four years but it did not take place in 1916, 1940, 1944 due to the World War I and II.
THE RINGS • The logo were designed in 1913 . It is compose of five interlocking rings coloured: BLUE (Europe); YELLOW (Asia); BLACK (Africa); GREEN (Australia); RED (America). • The colours are very important because each of the countries forming the Olympic Family has one of these colours as part of their national flag, including the white background. •They are linked to represent the athletes of the world who meet at the Games.
It is a sport which involves a performance of exercises requiring physical strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, and balance. Womens events: Uneven bars, balance beam, floor exercise and vaults. Mens events: floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars and high bar. Number of competitors: 196; 98 men and 98 women.
Scores are given bya panel of judgesand they take intoaccount thedegree of difficultyand the quality ofthe execution.Strength, flexibilityand balance arekeys to success inthis breathtakingand hugelycompetitive sport.
They are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. This includes mobility disabilities, amputees, visual disabilities and those with cerebral palsy. They are held every four years, following the Olympic Games, and governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
The flame is a practice continued from the ancient Olympic Games. It represents a number of things, including purity and the endeavor for perfection and it is kept alight until de Games have concluded.
• Women were firstallowed to participate in1900 at the secondmodern Olympic Games.• The Olympic Hymn wasfirst played at the 1896Olympic Games in Athensbut it wasn’t declared theofficial hymn by the IOCuntil 1957.