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Lungs transplant


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Lungs transplant

  1. 1. Lungs Transplant
  2. 2. What is it? A lung transplant is a surgery to replace one or both diseased lungs with healthy ones from a human donor. The first transplant was realized on June 11th in 1963. It is used to treat: • people with advanced lung disease who are failing to respond to other treatment; it is thought the person’s life expectancy could be less than 2-3 years without a transplant.
  3. 3. Causes • concurrent chronic illness (e.g. congestive heart failure, kidney disease, liver disease); • current infections, including HIV and hepatitis, • current or recent cancer; • current use of alcohol, tobacco, or illegal drugs; • age; • psychiatric conditions;
  4. 4. Characteristics of donors • Being healthy; • Size match; the donated lung or lungs must be large enough to adequately oxygenate the patient, but small enough to fit within the recipient's chest cavity; • To be under 60 years old; • Same blood type than the recipient
  5. 5. Types of transplants • A single lung transplant; • A double lung transplant; • A heart-lung transplant; • A lobe transplant (just a part of a living donor's lung is removed and used to replace part of recipient's diseased lung).
  6. 6. Risks • Problems at the place where the new blood vessels and airways were attached; • Rejection of the new lung, which may happen right away, within the first 4 to 6 weeks, or over time.
  7. 7. What happens during it? It takes between 4-12 hours and the procedure consists on: • A cut is made in the chest; • The damaged lungs are removed; • The patient may be connected to a bypass machine; • The donated lungs are then connected to the relevant airways blood vessels; • The cut is closed.
  8. 8. After the procedure • You should stay in the hospital for 7 - 21 days. You will spend time in the intensive care unit (ICU) right after surgery. • The recovery period is about 6 months. Often, your transplant team will ask you to stay close to the hospital for the first 3 months. You will need to have regular check-ups with blood tests and x-rays for many years. • Also you will need to take lots of medicines, and you will receive daily checks.
  9. 9. Questions • Do you agree with the lungs transplant? Why/why not? • Which ones do you think the disadvantages of lungs transplant are?