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Heart Transplant


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Heart Transplant

  1. 1. Heart Transplant
  2. 2. A heart transplant is an operation in which a failing, diseased heart is replaced with a healthier, donor heart. Definition
  3. 3. Who might need a heart transplant? A heart transplant may be considered if you have severe heart failure, or more rarely congenital heart disease. Not everyone who has these conditions is suitable for a transplant.
  4. 4. Where does a donor heart come from? A new heart must come from someone who has been declared brain dead and whose family consents to donate the organs. It is an anonymous gift. Brain death is a permanent condition usually due to a head injury from a car accident, gun shot wound, or hemorrhage into the brain (like a stroke)
  5. 5. Having a heart transplant operation The surgeon will make a cut in breastbone to get access to the heart. It will be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine which makes the blood circulate around the body. The surgeon will then work on transplanting the new heart. When this is finished, they will start the heart beating again. When the heart begins to take over pumping and your condition is stable, the heart- lung machine will be turned off. The surgeon will then close patient s breastbone with wire, which will stay there for the rest of your life. The operation usually takes between four and six hours. The patient will be given a general anesthetic.
  6. 6. Risks of the procedure Infection Bleeding during or after the surgery Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, or lung problems Breathing problems Kidney failure Coronary arteriopathy (similar to coronary artery disease)
  7. 7. What is rejection?
  8. 8. Cardiac Rehabilitation programs aim to reduce the risk of heart attacks, to alleviate angina (chest pain), and to prevent the progression of heart disease. These goals are achieved by supervised exercise training, nutritional counseling, stress management, aggressive management of risk factors, and careful monitoring of heart health. The patient will receive prescriptions for several medications such as aspirin to help prevent blood clots from forming, and a cholesterol-lowering medication (usually a statin) to lower the LDL (bad) cholesterol. The patient will also need to make certain lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating healthier, and exercising regularly. Psychological rehabilitation include talk therapy, stress management, relaxation exercises, coping techniques, and, in some cases, the use of antidepressant medications. Studies show that heart patients who undergo either type of psychological counseling have lower levels of depression and anxiety and a better quality of life. O R E C O V E R Y
  9. 9.  You and your family were travelling, and you had a car accident. All the members of your family, including you, are okey. Unfortunately, your sister has been declared brain dead, if you had to decide whether to donate your sister´s organs or not, what would you do?  Would you be a heart donor ? Yes/No. Why?
  10. 10. Subject: English Language I Students:  Rocca Evelyn  Sala Yohanna  Fernández Camila  Gerez Ana Belén Year: 2013