Bone Marrow

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Bone Marrow

  1. 1. BONE MARROW TRANSPLANT
  2. 2.  It is the spongy tissue inside some of your bones, such as your hip and thigh bones. It contains immature cells, called stem cells. The stem cells can develop into the red blood cells that carry oxygen through your body, the white blood cells that fight infections, and the platelets that help with blood clotting. What is the Bone Marrow?
  3. 3.  If you have a bone marrow disease, there are problems with the stem cells or how they develop. Two examples of this type of diseases could be:   Leukemia, is a cancer in which the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells.  Aplastic anemia, the bone marrow doesn't make red blood cells.  Diseases
  4. 4.  It is a procedure to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. A stem cell transplant is done after chemotherapy and radiation is complete. The stem cells are delivered into your bloodstream through a catheter. The stem cells travel through the blood into the bone marrow. Usually, no surgery is needed. Bone Marrow Transplant
  5. 5. Kinds of bone marrow transplants  Autologous bone marrow transplant: "Auto" means "self." Stem cells are removed from you before you receive chemotherapy and stored in a freezer . After chemotherapy is done, your stems cells are put back in your body to add to your normal blood cells.
  6. 6.  Allogeneic bone marrow transplant: "Allo" means "other." Stem cells are removed from another person, called a donor. Most times, the donor must at least partly match you genetically. Special blood tests are done to determine if a donor is a good match for you.
  7. 7.  Umbilical cord blood transplant: Stem cells are removed from a newborn baby's umbilical cord immediately after birth. The stem cells are stored until they are needed for a transplant. Umbilical cord blood cells are so immature, there is less of a need for matching.
  8. 8.  You will have many tests before your treatment begins.  You will have one or two catheters, inserted into a blood vessel in your neck or arms. This tube allows you to receive treatments, fluids, and sometimes, nutrition.  Your doctor or nurse should discuss the emotional stress of having a bone marrow transplant.  A bone marrow transplant is usually done in a hospital or medical center that specializes in such treatment.  How long you stay in the hospital depends on how much chemotherapy or radiation you received, the type of transplant, and your medical center's procedures.  While you are in the hospital, you will be isolated because of the increased risk of infection. Before the procedure. After the procedure.
  9. 9. A bone marrow transplant may cause the following symptoms:  Chest pain  Chills  Drop in blood pressure  Fever  Flushing  Funny taste in the mouth  Headache  Hives  Nausea  Pain  Shortness of breath Risks
  10. 10.  Are you in favor or against on the creation of a public stem cell bank?  Would you like to donate bone marrow? Why/Why not?  Cuello Angélica  Villoria Rocio  Lastiri Martina  Pereira Amneris  Lezcano Nahuel Questions: Group:

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