Sped 478 behavioral contracts


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Sped 478 behavioral contracts

  1. 1. Developing Behavioral Contracts<br />What are behavioral contracts? <br />
  2. 2. Behavioral Contracts<br />Behavior contracts is a popular method of increasing appropriate behavior<br />Behavioral contracts work the same way that any other contract works<br />There are three main components that should be included in any behavioral contract: <br />Task (The replacement behavior that you are implementing)<br />Consequence/Reward (What the student receives for meeting that task expectations)<br />Task Record (Simply recording student behavior pertaining to the contract) <br />
  3. 3. Behavioral Contracts<br />Behavior contracts should be an agreement between the student, teacher, and parents <br />Step One: Set up a meeting with the students and his/her parents (It is important to include the parents!)<br />Step Two: State the task in observable terms (the teacher MUST see the behavior occurring). It is important that there is a time frame for the task as well as how often the task/behavior should occur/documented.<br />Example: Student comes to class before the bell rings each day of the week. <br />
  4. 4. Behavioral Contracts<br />Step Three: There should be explicit consequences for the previously described task. <br />The consequences must state what exactly the student will earn if they meet the expectation and must be motivating to the student<br />Ask the student and/or parents at the meeting what a good reward would be <br />The consequence must be reinforcing of the replacement behavior<br />The delivery of the consequence must be explicitly stated as well<br />Example: Everyday at 3:00 p.m.<br />The consequence must also include how often it will be provided<br />Example: Every 15 minutes<br />
  5. 5. Behavioral Contracts<br />Step Four: It is important to develop a system that can be used to record the students behavior easily<br />This record keeping system can be attached to the students contract allowing the teacher to easily record student behavior/task (Simple charts work really well)<br />Teachers should also integrate self-recording or self-monitoring into the system, allowing students to mark whether or not they have met the expectations outlined in the contract <br />This allows students to take ownership of their behavior<br />
  6. 6. Behavioral Contracts<br />Developing a Contract:<br />There are many different formats available online that educators can use as well as typing up their own quick form <br />The contract should include these important components:<br />Task<br />Consequence<br />Record Keeping System<br />Parent/Teacher/Student Signatures – Letting students sign the contract gives them more ownership for their behavior and the contract<br />
  7. 7. Behavioral Contracts<br />Example of a Behavioral Contract: <br />http://worksheetplace.com/index.php?function=DisplayCategory&showCategory=Y&links=2&id=87&link1=31&link2=87<br />http://www.teachervision.fen.com/classroom-discipline/printable/6241.html?detoured=1<br />These are some quick reference contracts that educators can use, but it is important that educators include all the the important information that was previously discussed.<br />
  8. 8. Behavioral Contracts<br />Example: <br />Contract<br />Contract between __________ and ___________ . <br />Description of Desired Behavior: <br />Plan for Desired Behavior: <br />Rewards of Desired Behavior: <br />Monitoring: <br />Signatures: Parent _____________ Student ______________ Teacher _____________<br />
  9. 9. Behavioral Contracts<br />The previous example was a brief write-up that I did to show how simple designing a contract can be <br />The focus should be on making sure that the components of the contract are EXPLICIT <br />Also, the parents, student, and teacher should all AGREE with the contract in order for it to be effective <br />After the contract is initiated, there must be consistency in implementing it<br />
  10. 10. Behavioral Contracts<br />This is an intervention that should not be used as the first step towards changing behavior <br />Make the students other teachers aware of the contract as well as any administrators <br />This can be a highly effective form of positive behavior change when used correctly<br />