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Sped 413 power point


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Sped 413 power point

  1. 1. Schools of Our Time A New World Order
  2. 2. Critical Criteria   PL (Public Law) 94-142   IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)   Section 504   ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act)   NCLB (No Child Left Behind)
  3. 3. PL 94-142   PL 94-142 was the initial passage of IDEA, referred to as (EHA) Education for All Handicapped Children Act   A groundbreaking piece of federal legislation that granted monies to states   The monies were meant for improving special education programs through expansion, development, and improvement   Appropriate education for all special education was the main goal of this initiative   Rights for exceptional children were guaranteed, ultimately protecting the future of these children
  4. 4. IDEA   Reauthorized in 2004   A major emphasis on access to general education curriculum was identified under this law   FAPE (Free Appropriate Education) - All students with special needs that require related services or other learning requirements will receive them, free of charge   Appropriate Evaluation – A full and individualized evaluation of the student will be conducted before a student receives special education services, evaluations will be numerous, parents will be involved, reevaluations, and testing in the student’s language will be conducted
  5. 5. IDEA   IEP (Individualized Education Plan) – A document that includes all of the exceptional student’s long term goals, participation in assessments, transition planning, and necessary services.   LRE (Least Restrictive Environment) – Exceptional children will be placed in the general education setting as much as appropriate for the student, referred to as inclusion   Parents – Now every parent must grant permission for every decision or placement that affects the student, parents are afforded many rights such as the right to obtain IEE (Independent Educational Evaluation)
  6. 6. Section 504   Section 504 is part of the Rehabilitation Act   Any student who has an impairment (physical or mental) that substantially limits one or more major life activities qualifies for special services under Section 504   Students that are uncategorized under IDEA but who need accommodations will be entitled under this law
  7. 7. ADA   ADA is very similar to Section 504   ADA broadens Section 504 to include civil rights coverage for individuals who are disabled   Establishes guidelines for employment, public accommodations, transportation, state and local governmental operations, and telecommunications systems.   Protects individuals who are “otherwise qualified” from discrimination
  8. 8. Key Elements   Standard-Based Education   Student Accountability   Inclusion   RTI (Response to Intervention)   UDL (Universal Design for Learning)   Differentiated Instruction   Evidence-Based Practices   Diversity
  9. 9. Elements   Standard-Based Education - Everything that is taught must be tied to state-derived content and performance standards including other standards that individual states have developed   Inclusion – A huge effort will be made to include exceptional students in the general education classroom, as much as reasonable for the student and the classroom   Student Accountability – High-stakes standards-based testing is administered, annual grades 3-8 in math and reading, students with disabilities will be included in all testing   Some students will test with accommodations, alternative assessments, and some might be exempt from the test all together (This decision is on the students IEP)
  10. 10. Elements   UDL – The curriculum and materials are designed to support all students in the general education classroom, proactive, uses new technologies and resources, supported education, and flexible assessments   RTI -This is a tier system that is systematic in it’s approach   Tier 1: All student participate in this tier, they are expected to achieve all academic and behavioral goals   Tier 2: Students who do not meet all the general education goals will receive more targeted instruction   Tier 3: Students are then referred for special education services where they will receive intensive, evidence-based interventions
  11. 11. Elements   Differentiated Instruction - “Individualizing instruction” so all children can be accommodated in the general education classroom   Evidenced-Based Practices - Teachers are now required to use interventions that are scientifically proven (Must have evidence that interventions work with the populations with whom they are being used)   Diversity – A tiered intervention can be used to address diversity, a sensitivity to the needs of children from diverse backgrounds must be developed, teachers must acquire specific knowledge about diverse students and interventions to address these needs