Student Learning OutcomesPennington Biomedical Research CenterAwesome.2Cents! A Healthy Lifestyle Curriculum for Teens…Les...
Student Learning OutcomesFocus Questions   What is Kalahari Bushmen food?   What do Babiana, Homeria and Moreae have in co...
Student Learning OutcomesTrue / False Questions1) Kalahari Bushmen cuisine includes a variety of root vegetables.TrueAnswe...
Student Learning Outcomesmedicinal and toxic properties of different species. The diet consists mainly ofedible plants. Al...
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Vegetarianism student learning outcomes 2 unit 9

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Vegetarianism student learning outcomes 2 unit 9

  1. 1. Student Learning OutcomesPennington Biomedical Research CenterAwesome.2Cents! A Healthy Lifestyle Curriculum for Teens…Lesson 9, VegetarianismTribal Diet B, Kalahari BushmenStudent Learning Outcomes Identify and use of traditional and contemporary foods native to the Kalahari Bushmen. Develop ways to modify a recipe / meal to include traditional ingredients. Appreciate and recognize safe preparation techniques and cooking methods. Gain an understanding of the development of Kalahari Bushmen food production and processing techniques from a historical, contemporary and futures perspective.PerspectivesCommercial - changes in food preparation techniques to meet the demands ofan increasing market. Large scale food production opportunities.Community - effects of marketing locally produced foods on communities,nutritional value of Kalahari Bushmen foods.Cultural - effects of migration and increased cultural awareness and acceptanceon the Kalahari Bushmen cuisine and lifestyle.Domestic -effects of indigenous Kalahari Bushmen foods in the diet.Economic - comparative costs of local and imported food products.Environmental - impact of land degradation, disposal of wastes.Future - possible and probable future trends.Gender - investigating the role of women and men in traditional communities.Global -exploring export markets for Kalahari Bushmen food products.Historical - developments in food production, processing and preparationtechnologies.Indigenous- recognizing Kalahari Bushmen foods and indigenous foodtechnologies.Industrial - changes in industrial food technologies.Legal and Political - regulations for the food industry.Copyright 2012 Pennington Biomedical Research Center
  2. 2. Student Learning OutcomesFocus Questions What is Kalahari Bushmen food? What do Babiana, Homeria and Moreae have in common? How have indigenous Kalahari Bushmen passed on their knowledge about the nutrition, preparation and use of these foods? What factors led to the loss of many traditional plant names and uses? How has the transfer of knowledge about Kalahari Bushmen foods changed, and is it likely to change again in the future? What influenced the types of food eaten by different groups? Are there any nutritional benefits of using Kalahari Bushmen foods? Explain. What aspects of Kalahari Bushmen life would be different if the Kalahari Bushmen had more water available to them? Give some examples. Do you think people are aware of what Kalahari Bushmen eat? What do you think the Kalahari Bushmen diet will consist of in 2103? What are the nutritional benefits of nuts? Why do you think they are not consumed more in the US?Copyright 2012 Pennington Biomedical Research Center
  3. 3. Student Learning OutcomesTrue / False Questions1) Kalahari Bushmen cuisine includes a variety of root vegetables.TrueAnswer:Root vegetables can survive in the dessert better than those that grow on theground.2) Mongongo nut is an important food for Kalahari Bushmen.TrueAnswer:The Mongongo nut comes from a fruit of the Mongongo tree. The fruit is eatenfresh, dried, or cooked into a sauce similar to applesauce. The creamy yellownut meat is oily and nutritious; it is very good eaten raw, and even moredelicious when it is roasted. The nutritional content is outstanding. The kernel is57% by weight fat. Of this, about 43% are polyunsaturated fats (almost entirelylinoleic acid), about 17% saturated fats (palmitic and stearic), and about 18%monounsaturated (oleic). Add the sugars in the fleshy part, and, by oneestimate, an adult man would meet 71% of his daily energy requirement byeating 100 fruits (kernels and flesh).3) Chrysomelidae is a type of bread.FalseAnswer:Kalahari Bushman mostly use the contents of the pupae of certain beetles of thefamily Chrysomelidae as a poison on the arrows when hunting animals.Teachers can select from these student activities.Activities1 ) Discuss the nutritional benefits of tsama melon Investigate how they wereused. What vegetable group do they belong to?Answer:Tsama melon is an important food and a valuable source of water for theBushmen.2) The Kalahari diet has variety?Answer:The Kalahari Bushmen are hunter gatherers, adapting to their semi-aridenvironment by gathering roots, berries, fruits, and nuts that they gather fromthe desert, and from the meat provided by the hunters. Both women and menpossess a remarkable knowledge of the many edible foods available, and of theCopyright 2012 Pennington Biomedical Research Center
  4. 4. Student Learning Outcomesmedicinal and toxic properties of different species. The diet consists mainly ofedible plants. Although the Kalahari is a dry region it contains a great variety ofhighly nutritious food plants. The San tribe eats up to 100 different plant types.3) The Kalahari Bushmen provide all the meat for the tribe while the womenprovide the tubers.Answer:Kalahari Bushmen men are responsible for providing the meat, althoughwomen might occasionally kill small mammals. The men are expert hunters ofduiker and steenbok, a wildebeest or even one of the smaller burrowing animalslike a springhare, porcupine or even birds. Kalahari Bushmen women providethe majority of the food, spending two to three days a week foraging varyingdistances from the camp, and are also responsible for child care, gathering woodfor fires, carrying water, and cooking. The San tribes eat plants that grow abovethe ground and also underground bulbs and tubers. The San women use specialsticks to unearth the bulbs and tubers.As women are the main collectors of plant foods, they are in a sense thebreadwinners among the Bushmen.4) The region in which people lived mainly determined the diet of KalahariBushmen. What types of grains do the Kalahari Bushmen use in their diet? Doesit vary depending where they live?Consider: How the food was gathered and prepared. Who gathered or hunted? Role of women? How the knowledge of the environment, food and cooking was passed on. How the food was named. Any traditional eating pattern that was specific to that region.5) Investigate two Internet sites or recipe books to find some Kalahari Bushmenrecipes. Examine the photographs, images, style, language and presentation.Consider how these websites and books reflect a changing attitude towardsindigenous foods? List the websites.Copyright 2012 Pennington Biomedical Research Center

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