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Fast food facts for teen Unit 7

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Fast food facts for teen Unit 7

  1. 1. The Fast Food Challenge Making Good Food Choices in a Fast-Paced WorldAw eso me .2 Cen t s!
  2. 2. This lesson will cover  Overweight trends  Causes of overweight  Fast food information/statistics  Nutrition Facts Panel  Portion sizes  Making healthier choices at each meal  What is a healthy diet like2012 PBRC 2
  3. 3. Calorie content of foods Which of these has the highest calorie content? Chicken Selects Sausage Premium Breast Gravy Biscuit Strips (10) (Arby’s) (McDonald’s) Meat Lovers Pizza - 2 slices (Pizza Hut) Double Quarter Double Whopper Pounder with (Burger King) Cheese (McDonald’s)2012 PBRC 3
  4. 4. Fat content of meals Which of these has the highest fat content? Deluxe Breakfast Fiesta Taco (McDonald’s) Salad (Taco Bell) Sausage Lover’s Pizza - 2 slices (Pizza Hut) Big N’ Tasty Triple Whopper (McDonald’s) sandwich with cheese (Burger King)2012 PBRC 4
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  14. 14. Let’s form 4 groups based on your fast food liking 1. Pizza  (Pizza Hut, Little Caesar’s, Domino’s, other), 1. Hamburgers  (Burger King, McDonald’s, Wendy’s, other), 1. Tacos  (Taco Bell, Tito’s, Chipotle, other) 1. Sandwiches and subs  (Arby’s, Subway, other).2012 PBRC 14
  15. 15. Overweight or Obesity Trends Child re n a nd A o le s c e nts d Prevalence of overweight or obesity  All age groups have among children and adolescents become more overweight Age Estimates Estimates (years) 1963-65* 2003-04  There has been a 4 – fold 1966-70** increase in overweight 6-11 4.2%* 32.6% since the 60’s and 70’s 12-19 4.6%** 33.6% Rates have increased 4 fold.2012 PBRC 15
  16. 16. Why Are We So Unhealthy?  1.) Changes in daily food patterns  Less time spent eating with family  Higher consumption of soft drinks/sport drinks  More fast food/quick service food  2.) Changes in daily physical activity  No free time to play  No access to safe places  Increase in popularity of video games/the net2012 PBRC 16
  17. 17. What is the Cause? Many factors Energy imbalance Excess calories consumed versus calories used (burned) by the body Large portions sizes Eating versus moving2012 PBRC 17
  18. 18. Portion size changes 500 vs 1025 Calories! 45 vs 350 Calories 500 vs 850 Calories2012 PBRC 18
  19. 19. Energy Balance < Energy in Energy out = Calories consumed > Calories used When calories consumed are greater than calories used by the body, weight gain is the result.2012 PBRC 19
  20. 20. What Contributes to an Unhealthy Diet? Fo o d s tha t a re :  High in calories  High in total fat & saturated fat  High in trans fat  High in cholesterol  High in sodium (salt)  Low in fiber  Low in fruits, vegetables, dairy and whole grain2012 PBRC 20
  21. 21. Information on Fast Food
  22. 22. Fast Food Statistics  Fast food restaurants have increased 200% over the past 33 years.  25% of adults and 30% of children eat fast foods on a typical day.  That’s 1 out of every 4 adults and nearly 1 out of every 3 children!2012 PBRC 22
  23. 23. Fast Foods  High in calories  High in fat  High in sodium  Low in vitamins and minerals  Low in fruits and vegetable  Low in whole grain2012 PBRC 23
  24. 24. Fast Foods Kno w wha t y o u a re e a ting You should:  Look at the nutrition guide at fast food restaurants.  Know your portion sizes.  Learn the various ways that foods are cooked.2012 PBRC 24
  25. 25. Nutrition Facts Label It is important to be able to locate the following:  Serving Size  Number of servings  Calories per serving  Total Fat  Saturated Fat  Trans Fat  Cholesterol  Sodium  Fiber2012 PBRC 25
  26. 26. A Closer Look at Serving Size
  27. 27. Soft Drinks My soft drink can’t have that many calories, right? ….. Wrong  Large (32 fl oz) 310 kcal  Medium (21 fl oz) 210 kcal  Small (16 fl oz) 150 kcal  Junior/Child (12 fl oz) 110 kcal A large drink has more than double the calories of a small drink.2012 PBRC 27
  28. 28. Soft Drinks ABe tte r I e a Wo uld Be : d  To order 1% milk instead of regular soda  Get more nutrients: • calcium • protein  To order diet soda instead of regular soda  Save calories2012 PBRC 28
  29. 29. French Fries My French fries don’t have many calories, right? …. Wrong  Large 570 kcal, 30 g fat, 6 g saturated fat  Medium 380 kcal, 20 g fat, 4 g saturated fat  Small 250 kcal, 13 g fat, 2.5 g saturated fat Large fries have more than twice the amount of fat grams and total calories than the2012 PBRC small fries.29
  30. 30. French Fries ABe tte r I e a Wo uld Be : d  To order a plain baked potato instead of the French fries.  True, it may have more calories than the small order of fries, but it is a much healthier choice. The plain baked potato has no fat, whereas the small fries had 13 g total fat and 2.5 g saturated fat. It has almost half the daily requirement of vitamin C and 1/5th of potassium.2012 PBRC 30
  31. 31. Making Healthier Choices A Comparison of Different Foods
  32. 32. Making Healthier Choices Bre a kfa s t Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium Fiber Biscuit 240 11 2.5 5 0 680 1 Muffin with egg 300 12 4.5 0 230 860 2 Sausage Biscuit 500 31 10 5 250 1,080 1 with Egg Gray boxes represents the food that is lowest in a particular category.2012 PBRC 32
  33. 33. Making Healthier Choices Bre a kfa s t Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium Fiber Sausage pancakes 420 22 7 1.5 30 990 1 Bacon, Egg, and 450 21 7 1.5 245 1,260 1 Cheese pancakes Large breakfast 730 46 14 7 465 1,470 3 with sausage and pancakes Breakfast with 1,220 61 17 11 480 1,920 4 hash browns, sausage, eggs and biscuit.2012 PBRC 33
  34. 34. Making Healthier Choices Fis h a nd Chic ke n Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium Fiber Fish sandwich 400 18 4 1 40 640 1 Grilled chicken 420 9 2 0 80 1240 3 sandwich Fried chicken 500 16 3 1.5 60 1380 3 classic sandwich2012 PBRC 34
  35. 35. Making Healthier Choices ALo o k a t Burg e rs with Che e s e Calories Total Saturated Trans Cholest Sodium Fiber Fat Fat Fat erol Large 510 25 12 1.5 95 1150 3 hamburger with cheese 1 Large 520 26 10 1.5 95 1010 3 hamburger with cheese 2 Large 560 30 10 1.5 80 1010 3 hamburger with cheese 3 Triple meat 1230 82 32 3.5 275 1590 32012 sandwich with PBRC 35 cheese
  36. 36. Making Healthier Choices ALo o k a t Burg e rs witho ut Che e s e Calories Total Fat Saturated Trans Fat Cholester Sodium Fiber Fat ol Hamburger 210 9 3.5 0.5 30 530 1 Large 420 18 7 1 70 730 3 hamburger without cheese 1 Large 470 23 8 1.5 80 790 3 hamburger without cheese 2 Double meat 900 57 19 2 175 1040 32012 PBRC 36
  37. 37. Making Healthier Choices Frie d Chic ke n Sa la d s Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium Fiber Salad with friedchicken & dressing 460 19.5 2 1.5 45 1710 6Caesar salad with fried chicken & 490 31 7.5 1.5 75 1520 3Caesar dressing Salad with friedchicken, bacon & 510 31 7.5 1.5 90 1670 3 ranch dressing2012 PBRC 37
  38. 38. Making Healthier Choices G rille d Chic ke n Sa la d s Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium FiberSalad with Grilled 380 12.5 1 0 65 1570 6 Chicken & Sesame Ginger DressingSalad with Grilled 410 24 6.5 0 95 1390 3 Chicken &Caesar DressingSalad with Grilled 430 24 6.5 0 110 1530 3chicken, bacon & Ranch Dressing2012 PBRC 38
  39. 39. Making Healthier Choices I e Cre a m c Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium FiberVanilla Reduced 150 3.5 2 0 15 60 0 Fat Ice Cream Cone Hot Caramel 340 7 4.5 0 30 140 0 Sundae Vanilla Triple 420 10 6 0.5 40 140 0 Thick Shake (12 oz)Ice cream flurry 620 20 12 1 55 190 1 with chocolate bits (12 oz)2012 PBRC 39
  40. 40. Making Healthier Choices Sna c ks Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Trans Fat Cholesterol Sodium FiberApple slices with 100 0.5 0 0 5 40 0Low Fat Caramel Dip Fruit & Yogurt 160 2 1 0 5 85 1 Parfait with granola Fruit salad with 310 13 2 0 5 85 6 nutsBaked Apple Pie 250 11 3 4.5 0 150 2 Chocolate Chip 270 11 6 0 35 170 1 Cookies2012 PBRC 40
  41. 41. Making Healthier Choices Tip s fo r Cho o s ing Wis e ly  Choose grilled meats over fried when possible.  Grilled meats are lower in calories, fat, cholesterol, and sodium. Overall, they are better for you!  Watch foods like cheese, bacon and sausage.  These foods are high in calories, fat, and sodium (salt). Try to limit these foods!  Be careful with salad dressings!  They are well-known sources of hidden fats and calories. Try to use the lower fat versions!2012 PBRC 41
  42. 42. Making Healthier Choices Tip s fo r Cho o s ing Wis e ly  Watch serving sizes on beverages and snacks.  Whereas a 12 oz vanilla shake may only have 420 calories, a 21 oz shake has 740 calories.  Don’t choose foods based on calories alone. It can be deceiving!  The fruit and walnut salad has more calories than the baked apple pie and the chocolate chip cookies. Also check saturated and trans fat and cholesterol.2012 PBRC 42
  43. 43. Choosing Healthier Options for Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner Teen’s Choices A look at the end result!
  44. 44. Healthy Choices/Balance Bre a kfa s t (Ty p ic a l) Large breakfast with everything (scrambled eggs, sausage patty, hash browns, and biscuit) Medium Orange Juice (16 oz) Kcal: 910 Cholesterol: 465 mg Total Fat: 46 g Sodium: 1,475 mg Saturated Fat: 14 g Fiber: 3 g Trans Fat: 7 g2012 PBRC 44
  45. 45. Healthy Choices/Balance Bre a kfa s t (Be tte r Cho ic e ) 1 Biscuit, Plain Yogurt Parfait (small) Strawberry Preserves Small Orange Juice (12 oz) Kcal: 575 Cholesterol: 5 mg Total Fat: 13 g Sodium: 770 mg Saturated Fat: 3.5 g Fiber: 2 g Trans Fat: 5 g2012 PBRC 45
  46. 46. By Choosing the Better Breakfast Yo u s a ve d : 335 Kcal 33 g Total Fat 10.5 g Saturated Fat 2 g Trans Fat 460 mg Cholesterol 705 mg Sodium At this meal2012 PBRC 46
  47. 47. Healthy Choices/Balance Bre a kfa s t (2 nd Be tte r Cho ic e ) English Muffin Scrambled Eggs Strawberry Preserves Small Orange Juice (12 oz) Kcal: 535 Cholesterol: 435 mg Total Fat: 16.5 g Sodium: 490 mg Saturated Fat: 5 g Fiber: 2 g Trans Fat: 0 g2012 PBRC 47
  48. 48. By Choosing the 2nd Better Breakfast Yo u s a ve d : 375 Kcal 29.5 g Total Fat 9 g Saturated Fat 7 g Trans Fat 30 mg Cholesterol 985 mg Sodium At this meal2012 PBRC 48
  49. 49. Healthy Choices/Balance Lunc h (Ty p ic a l) Large hamburger with Cheese Medium French fries Medium Soft Drink Kcal: 1,100 Cholesterol: 95 mg Total Fat: 45 g Sodium: 1,385 mg Saturated Fat: 16 g Fiber: 8 g Trans Fat: 6.5 g2012 PBRC 49
  50. 50. Healthy Choices/Balance Lunc h (Be tte r Cho ic e ) Large hamburger without cheese Side Salad Low Fat Italian Dressing Medium Iced Tea, Unsweetened Fruit Salad with nuts Kcal: 810 Cholesterol: 75 mg Total Fat: 33.5 g Sodium: 1,570 mg Saturated Fat: 9 g Fiber: 10 g Trans Fat: 1 g2012 PBRC 50
  51. 51. By Choosing the Better Lunch Yo u s a ve d : 290 Kcal 11.5 g Total Fat 7 g Saturated Fat 5.5 g Trans Fat 20 mg Cholesterol At this meal And, gained 2 g of fiber!2012 PBRC 51
  52. 52. Healthy Choices/Balance Dinne r (Ty p ic a l) Fried chicken pieces (5) Medium Soda Baked Apple Pie Kcal: 1,090 Cholesterol: 90 mg Total Fat: 44 g Sodium: 1,715 mg Saturated Fat: 9 g Fiber: 2 g Trans Fat: 9 g2012 PBRC 52
  53. 53. Healthy Choices/Balance Dinne r (Be tte r Cho ic e ) Asian Salad with Grilled Chicken Newman’s Own Low Fat Sesame Ginger Dressing Medium Diet Soda Vanilla Reduced Fat Ice Cream Cone Kcal: 530 Cholesterol: 80 mg Total Fat: 16 g Sodium: 1,660 mg Saturated Fat: 3 g Fiber: 6 g Trans Fat: 0 g2012 PBRC 53
  54. 54. By Choosing the Better Dinner Yo u s a ve d : 560 Kcal 28 g Total Fat 6 g Saturated Fat 9 g Trans Fat 10 mg Cholesterol 55 mg Sodium At this meal And, gained 4 g of fiber!2012 PBRC 54
  55. 55. A Look at the Two Diets Typical Meals Better Meals Total Total Calories 3,100 Calories 1,915 Total Fat 135 g Total Fat 62.5 g Saturated Fat 39 g Saturated Fat 15.5 g Trans Fat 22.5 g Trans Fat 6g Cholesterol 650 mg Cholesterol 160 mg Sodium 4,575 mg Sodium 4,000 Fiber 13 g Fiber 18 g2012 PBRC 55
  56. 56. Total Daily Savings Fro m Cho o s ing the Be tte r Cho ic e a t Ea c h M a l e 1,185 Kcal 72.5 g Total Fat 23.5 g Saturated Fat 16.5 g Trans Fat 490 mg Cholesterol 575 mg Sodium2012 PBRC 56
  57. 57. What is Healthy Diet like? As the Dietary Guidelines for Americans state, a healthy diet is one that:  Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fat-free or low-fat milk, and milk products;  Includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, nuts;  Is low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium (salt), and added sugars2012 PBRC 57
  58. 58. Calorie content of foods Which of these has the highest calorie content? Chicken Selects Sausage Premium Breast Gravy Biscuit Strips (10) (Arby’s) (McDonald’s) Meat Lovers Pizza - 2 slices (Pizza Hut) Double Quarter Double Whopper Pounder with (Burger King) Cheese (McDonald’s)2012 PBRC 58
  59. 59. Calorie content of foods Which of these has the highest calorie content? Chicken Selects Premium Breast Sausage Strips (10) Gravy Biscuit (McDonald’s) (Arby’s) Meat Lovers Pizza - 2 slices (Pizza Hut) 1,270 Calories 961 Calories 740 Calories Double Whopper Double Quarter Sandwich with Pounder with Cheese Cheese (Burger King) (McDonald’s)2012 1, 070 Calories PBRC 59 730 Calories
  60. 60. Fat content of meals Which of these has the highest fat content? Deluxe Breakfast Fiesta Taco (McDonald’s) Salad (Taco Bell) Sausage Lover’s Pizza - 2 slices (Pizza Hut) Big N’ Tasty Triple Whopper (McDonald’s) sandwich with cheese (Burger King)2012 PBRC 60
  61. 61. Fat content of meals Which of these has the highest fat content? Deluxe Breakfast Fiesta Taco (McDonald’s) Salad (Taco Bell) Sausage Lover’s Pizza - 2 slices 61 grams (Pizza Hut) 46 grams 40 grams Triple Whopper Big N’ Tasty with sandwich with cheese cheese (McDonald’s) (Burger King) 26 grams2012 PBRC 82 grams 61
  62. 62. Division of Education Authors: Phillip Brantley, PhD, Director Heli Roy, PhD, RD Pennington Biomedical Research Center Shanna Lundy, BS Steven Heymsfield, MD, Executive Director The Pennington Biomedical Research Center is a world-renowned nutrition research center. Mission: To promote healthier lives through research and education in nutrition and preventive medicine. The Pennington Center has several research areas, including: Clinical Obesity Research Experimental Obesity Functional Foods Health and Performance Enhancement Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Nutrition and the Brain Dementia, Alzheimer’s and healthy aging Diet, exercise, weight loss and weight loss maintenance The research fostered in these areas can have a profound impact on healthy living and on the prevention of common chronic diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, hypertension and osteoporosis. The Division of Education provides education and information to the scientific community and the public about research findings, training programs and research areas, and coordinates educational events for the public on various health issues. We invite people of all ages and backgrounds to participate in the exciting research studies being conducted at the Pennington Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. If you would like to take part, visit the clinical trials web page at www.pbrc.edu or call (225) 763-3000.2012 PBRC 62

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