John Bankes 1650 – 1719

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  • Elizabeth m Russell m Trevers m Bankes – her family
  • Modern Google Map, showing the approximate locations of John Bankes’ two wharves – Paul’s Wharf & Nine Elms
  • Google Map showing the approximate locations of Bankes’ houses, as per various recordsFrom Left: “The Lottery”, Nine Elms: Paul’s Wharf: Goodman’s Fields: The Mint
  • John Bankes 1650 – 1719

    1. 1. John Bankes (abt 1650 – 1719)<br />Who? What? When? Where? <br />
    2. 2. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who?Birth<br />Evidence :<br />10 March 1673 – Freedom Record Haberdashers’ Company – indicates over 21<br />09 May 1715 – Marriage Licence Allegation re second marriage states Aged 60<br />
    3. 3. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who?Birth<br />
    4. 4. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? First Marriage<br />Wife Elizabeth Atherton<br />Marriage date not known<br />Evidence:<br />Will of John Bankes names deceased wife and other members of her family. Also refers to 8 children<br />Poll tax assessment for Castle Baynard ward 1692 lists a wife of John Bankes<br />Elizabeth Atherton believed born abt 1640 – Jane Stacey researched in Parish Registers Marsh Baldon, Oxon<br />Elizabeth Atherton died pre 1715 (second marriage)<br />
    5. 5. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Second Marriage<br />Wife Elizabeth Trevers<br />Previous married name Elizabeth Russell<br />She had several children, among whom Elizabeth Russell, m Robert Mitchell, Skinner on 10 Nov 1715 at Holy Trinity Chapel, Knightsbridge – Bankes’ nephew<br />Not known when Russell died<br />Maiden name unknown<br />Marriage Licence Allegation 9 May 1715<br />Marriage 12 May 1715 at Holy Trinity Chapel, Knightsbridge<br />Elizabeth Russell / Trevers / Bankes died 24th May 1733 <br />
    6. 6. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Second Marriage<br />
    7. 7. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – Who? Death<br />Date of death evidenced by Court of Chancery documents 23 March 1719<br />Will proved in PCC on 26 April 1720<br />Will stipulated burial in Bishop of Winchester’s burial ground, Southwark – near New Park Street Chapel. Known as Deadman’s Place. No records survive<br />Barclay’s Brewery later built on burial ground site<br />Executors of Will named as John Cartlitch, Goldsmith, and John Hales of the Inner Temple, London<br />
    8. 8. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Was he a Haberdasher?<br />Citizen & Haberdasher<br />Served Haberdashers’ Company most of his adult life<br />Was he a Mercer?<br />1986 – Haberdashers’ Company archivist said so<br />Was he a merchant?<br />1715 Marriage Licence Allegation says so<br />
    9. 9. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />City of London Freedom record 1673<br />Bankes had served apprenticeship as a Carpenter<br />Involved in the rebuilding of the City of London after the Great Fire – a Builder<br />Confirmation – business records<br />
    10. 10. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Business documents:<br />Notebooks containing accounts 1695-1716<br />References to payments to skippers – eg Christian Petersen, Peter Nelson<br />Purchases of timber – Mr Furnall, Mr Cooper Chapman<br />References to Stock in Goods at Paul’s Wharf & Nine Elms<br />
    11. 11. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Business Premises - Timber Wharves: <br />Paul’s Wharf<br />Nine Elms – “a yard and docks”<br />
    12. 12. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />©2011 Google Map data ©2011 Tele Atlas<br />
    13. 13. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Bankes’ Business Operations –<br />Timber importer<br />Property Developer<br />Typically he leased land<br />Built properties<br />Rented properties to tenants<br />
    14. 14. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Bankes owned many properties at various times across London – examples:<br />Poultney Street, Windmill Street & Princes Street, Westminster.<br />George Yard, parish of St.MaryMatfellon - Whitechapel.<br />Great Queen Street, Parish of St.Giles in the Field - Middlesex.<br />Rosemary Lane, near the Tower of London<br />Harcourt Buildings, The Temple, London<br />Mary Gold Alley, Strand<br />Goodman’s Fields, East of London<br />
    15. 15. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Rental agreements exist<br />Signed by Bankes & tenants<br />Some agreements include a description of the property<br />We have some lists of Bankes’ tenants and the amount of rent they paid<br />
    16. 16. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Occupation<br />Financed by mortgages – <br />John Hales, Gentleman of Temple Bar, London<br />John Cartlitch, Goldsmith of London<br />Lord Lempster<br />All appear as creditors in John Bankes’ Accounts<br />Hales & Cartlitch named as creditors in Bankes’ will 1716<br />
    17. 17. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Worshipful Company of Haberdashers<br />Freedom March 1672/3 by Redemption. Fine paid <br />Junior Warden March 1701/2<br />Upper Warden 1705 / 6<br />Master 1716 / 17<br />Court of Assistants – regular attendance at meetings<br />Will dated 1716 – Haberdashers’ Company appointed trustees of Bankes’ Charity<br />Charity last paid benefits early 1970s<br />Bankes commemorated at Haberdashers’ Hall – portrait, roll of Benefactors & landscape of City<br />
    18. 18. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Worshipful Company of Haberdashers<br />
    19. 19. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – What?Religion<br />Will leaves bequests to Thomas Ridgeley, Pastor at Three Cranes Meeting House, Fruiterers’ Alley, Thames Street, and the poor of his congregation<br />Ridgeley was a well known Puritan preacher (c1667-1734)<br />Will leaves bequest to Deacon at Bishop of Winchester’s Burial Ground, where Bankes was to be buried<br />Will tells us that Bankes’ first wife and child – Esther – had been buried at Bishop of Winchester’s Burial Ground<br />Above evidence points to non-conformist religion<br />
    20. 20. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) Bankes’ Houses<br />Paul’s Wharf, London – Residence 1716 when Will made<br />The Mint, London <br />The Lottery, Nine Elms – wife lived there after Bankes’ death<br />Great house at Goodman’s Fields, Bethnal Green<br />
    21. 21. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) –Bankes’ Houses<br />©2011 Google Map data ©2011 Tele Atlas<br />
    22. 22. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – When? Dating Problems<br />Birth date <br />Only evidence inferred from other sources<br />No baptism or birth record traced<br />Approx birth date 1650-52 means born in the Interregnum – few records – civil records – few parish registers survive<br />Birthplace unknown<br />Parents unidentified<br /> Freedom record – ‘served an Apprentishipp to that trade in the Countrey’ – Where & When?<br />
    23. 23. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – When? Dating Problems<br />First marriage date <br />Location unknown<br />Date unknown<br />Atherton family links with Marsh Baldon, Oxfordshire, but no marriage found there<br />1692 Tax assessment – Wife & one child. Presumably Elizabeth Atherton<br />Evidence suggests marriage between abt 1673 & 1692, probably in London<br />
    24. 24. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) –The Rands<br />Bankes had no descendants<br />We infer that his father must have died and his mother remarried to Rand<br />Rand half siblings are our ancestors – <br />John Rand <br />Joseph Rand<br />Elizabeth Rand m Hopkins<br />Anne Rand m Joseph Deane<br />Mary Rand m Robert Mitchell<br />
    25. 25. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – An enigma!<br />Much known about Bankes’ life in London & business affairs<br />Little known about Bankes’ origins & family<br />Have researched a number of Bankes families, eg:<br />Sir John Bankes of Maidstone, Kent – financier to Charles II<br />Edward Bankes, Haberdasher of Cambridgeshire family researched by Pat Dent<br />Bankes family of Dorset – Corfe Castle<br />No links found to our Bankes<br />Apprenticed as tradesman suggests not high born<br />Ability to pay Redemption Fee in 1673 suggests reasonable means<br />
    26. 26. John Bankes (abt 1652 – 1720) – An enigma!<br />Where to look next?<br />

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