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Using Connectors
by Ilyse Ben Zagmi
What are connectorsWhat are connectors??
 They connect between ideas in sentencesThey connect between ideas in sentences
...
What’s wrong with these
sentences?
I went to the beach. There
were too many jellyfish. I
decided to stay. I had a
good tim...
But wait! There’s a better way…
I went to the
beach. Although
there were too
many jellyfish, I
decided to stay. I
had a go...
Connectors of addition
 Additionally
 Furthermore
 In addition (to this)
 Moreover
 Similarly
 Likewise
 In the sam...
For example…
 I don’t like using the computer. I don’t type
quickly. Sometimes the computer crashes and I
lose all my mat...
Connectors of contrast
 However
 Nevertheless
 Although / though / even though
 In spite of / despite
 In contrast to...
Always use “However,” at the start of a
sentence
 I don’t like to use
computers,
however I have to
use them for
English c...
Although / even though mean: “-“
Despite / in spite of mean: “"
 Wrong: Although that I hate computers, my
teacher makes ...
Practice exercises
 Connectors of contrast
 Connectors of contrast--2
Connectors of cause
 Therefore
 Consequently
 As a result (of)
 Thus
 For this reason
 Because
 Because of
 In ord...
Connectors of order
First / In the first place
Second / secondly
Third etc.
Next
Afterwards / After that
Eventually
...
Other connectors
Fortunately / unfortunately
Luckily
Obviously
For example
For instance
Such as
More practice!
 Connectors quiz
 Quiz on cause-and-effect connectors
 Connectors review
By the time you’ve finished all...
Copy the following paragraph into a Word Document.
Rewrite it using at least five connectors:
John and Carol’s “dream vaca...
Assignment #1: Possible answers
John and Carol’s “dream vacation” didn’t go off as
planned at all. First of all, their fli...
• Write a paragraph explaining a recent
decision you’ve made, and the reasons
behind it.
• Use at least four connectors.
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Using connectorsilyseenglish

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Using connectorsilyseenglish

  1. 1. Using Connectors by Ilyse Ben Zagmi
  2. 2. What are connectorsWhat are connectors??  They connect between ideas in sentencesThey connect between ideas in sentences and paragraphs.and paragraphs.  They help your reader follow your reasoning.They help your reader follow your reasoning. They are essential in producing good writing!
  3. 3. What’s wrong with these sentences? I went to the beach. There were too many jellyfish. I decided to stay. I had a good time. I met some friends. but and The simple solution! I went to the beach. There were too many jellyfish, but I decided to stay anyway. I had a good time, and I met some friends.
  4. 4. But wait! There’s a better way… I went to the beach. Although there were too many jellyfish, I decided to stay. I had a good time because I met some friends. Connectors make logical connections.
  5. 5. Connectors of addition  Additionally  Furthermore  In addition (to this)  Moreover  Similarly  Likewise  In the same way  Besides  Not only … but also
  6. 6. For example…  I don’t like using the computer. I don’t type quickly. Sometimes the computer crashes and I lose all my material. There are viruses and annoying advertisements. Connecting to the Internet is expensive.  How can we add connectors here?  I don’t like using the computer. I don’t type quickly. Furthermore, sometimes the computer crashes and I lose all my material. There are not only viruses, but also annoying advertisements . Moreover, connecting to the Internet is expensive.
  7. 7. Connectors of contrast  However  Nevertheless  Although / though / even though  In spite of / despite  In contrast to  On the other hand  Whereas / while  On the contrary
  8. 8. Always use “However,” at the start of a sentence  I don’t like to use computers, however I have to use them for English class. Wrong! Don’t use however after a comma. Correct: I don’t like to use computers. However, I have to use them for English class.
  9. 9. Although / even though mean: “-“ Despite / in spite of mean: “"  Wrong: Although that I hate computers, my teacher makes me use them.  Right: Although I hate computers, my teacher makes me use them.  Wrong: Despite that the weather was cold, we went to the beach.  Right: Despite the cold weather, we went to the beach. Don’t use a complete sentence hereUse only a noun phrase
  10. 10. Practice exercises  Connectors of contrast  Connectors of contrast--2
  11. 11. Connectors of cause  Therefore  Consequently  As a result (of)  Thus  For this reason  Because  Because of  In order to  So that Try this exercise!
  12. 12. Connectors of order First / In the first place Second / secondly Third etc. Next Afterwards / After that Eventually Finally Before that / beforehand
  13. 13. Other connectors Fortunately / unfortunately Luckily Obviously For example For instance Such as
  14. 14. More practice!  Connectors quiz  Quiz on cause-and-effect connectors  Connectors review By the time you’ve finished all the practice exercises, you should be an expert on using connectors!
  15. 15. Copy the following paragraph into a Word Document. Rewrite it using at least five connectors: John and Carol’s “dream vacation” didn’t go off as planned at all. Their flight was delayed unexpectedly. They had to wait for six hours at the airport. During the flight, there was a lot of turbulence and Carol got sick. When they landed, they found that the rental car agency didn’t have a car ready for them. They were able to rent a car from another company. The weather was rainy and cold in Paris. They had to spend more money than they’d planned because everything was so expensive. They were very disappointed. There were many enjoyable moments. First, do the exercise…then compare your answers to the ones on the next slide!
  16. 16. Assignment #1: Possible answers John and Carol’s “dream vacation” didn’t go off as planned at all. First of all, their flight was delayed unexpectedly. They had to wait for six hours at the airport. Moreover, during the flight, there was a lot of turbulence and Carol got sick. When they finally landed, they found that the rental car agency didn’t have a car ready for them. Fortunately, they were able to rent a car from another company. On the other hand, the weather was rainy and cold in Paris. They had to spend more money than they’d planned because everything was so expensive. They were very disappointed. However, there were many enjoyable moments.
  17. 17. • Write a paragraph explaining a recent decision you’ve made, and the reasons behind it. • Use at least four connectors.

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