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Bridging the Systemic and Semantic Spheres


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A Pattern Language for Systemic Interpretation and Transformation

Published in: Design

Bridging the Systemic and Semantic Spheres

  1. 1. A  Pa%ern  Language  for  Systemic  Interpreta7on  &  Transforma7on   Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres     Helene  Finidori  -­‐  CC-­‐BY-­‐NC-­‐SA     Experience   Systemic     Phenomena   Natural     Phenomena   Reality   Narra7ve   Categoriza7on   Percep7on   Memories   Understanding   Life   Rela7onships  
  2. 2. The  Systemic  Sphere:     Pa%erns  of  System  Behavior   Life  &   Experience   Systemic  Behaviors   Observed   PaEerns   Possibility   PaEerns   Observe  –  Probe  -­‐  Abstract   Imagine  –  Probe  –  Play   Apply  –  Monitor   PaEern  Languages   Domain  Related       The  Seman7c  Sphere:     Percep7on,  Categoriza7on  &  Narra7ve   Orient:   Decode   -­‐Encode  Design     A  Systemic  Interpreta7on  Language   Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Observe  -­‐  Orient  -­‐  Design  -­‐  Apply  (OODA)     Various     degrees  in  the   abstrac@on   spectrum  
  3. 3.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Abstrac7on  Spectrum  –  Levels  &  Domains   Systemic  (all  field)   Pa%ern  Language     Systemic     Pa%erns   Domain  Field     Pa%ern  Language     Domain     Pa%ern  Language     Domain   Language  -­‐   Best  Prac7ce   Systemic  Pa%erns   Observa2on  &   Interpreta2on   OODA   Systemic  Sphere   Seman2c  Sphere   Abstrac2on  Spectrum   Systemic  Interpreta2on  Grammar:     the  seman2c  connector  between  domains  and    language  levels   Specific  Abstract   Systemic     Interpreta2on    Grammar  
  4. 4. Systemic  Interpreta7on   Grammar   (Elementary  Components)   Dynamics   (Movement)   u  Sta7cs   (Space  -­‐  Structure)   u  Heuris7cs   (Inflexions  –  Limits  –    Angles  -­‐  Switches)   Combined   Probed   Domain  Related   Contexts   Enriching   Brought  into   &  probed  in   Decomposed   Refining     PaEernPedia   Repository  &  Indexing   PaEern   Explora2on   Methodologies     Brought  into         Other  Data   Indexing  /  search       A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Cross-­‐fer7lizing  Domains  with  Pa%erns  &  Pa%ern  Languages     Enriching   Systemic     PaEern  Language   Scou2ng  Systems,   cogni2on,  language   related  theories         Discussion   Categoriza2on    PaEernPedia   Repository   Field    Evalua2on   PaEern  Languages   Domain  Related       Domain  PL  Research  
  5. 5.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Pa%ern  Explora7on  Methodology     Systemic  Interpreta7on   Grammar   (Elementary  Components)         Dynamics   (Movement)     u        Sta7cs   (Space  -­‐  Structure)     u        Heuris7cs   (Inflexions  –  Limits  –    Angles  –  Switches)     Systemic  PaEerns   Generic      Domain  Related   Contexts     PaEern  Languages   Domain  Related       An  open  network  of  generic  elementary  components  /  primi2ves  of  systemic  paEerns  and   sets  of  heuris2cs  to  choose  from  and  to  probe  in  various  domain  related  contexts,  with   various  points  of  entry  and  angles  of  approach.     PaEerns  &  PaEern  Languages  are  tools  that  give  direc2on,  open  up  possibili2es,  reveal   adjacent  possibles  between  domains  and  approaches;  channeling  a  drive  for  par2cipa2on   and  solu2on  and  finding  common  responses  and  red  threads;  leaving  space  for   interpreta2on  and  further  ac2on,  levng  co-­‐created    solu2ons  emerge.       The  hermeneu2c  approach  enables  focus  on  observa2on  and  on  the  rela2onships  between   categories  and  components,  with  an  emphasis  on  various  modes  of  percep2on;  naviga2on   in  the  crea2ve  environment;  play  with  the  elements  forming  structure,  space  and   movement  and  finding  the  perspec2ves,  limits  and  boundaries  through  heuris2cs.       Apprecia2on  of  mul2ple  path  and  co-­‐created  solu2ons  while  ensuring  systemic  coherence   and  systema2cally  organizing  knowledge  in  a  repository.     Enhancement  skills  (re)genera2ve  of    living  structure,  in  a  kind  of  ‘OODA  Loop’  empowered   by  systemic  interpreta2on…  [Observe  –  Orient  –  Design  –  Act]  on-­‐going  cycle    
  6. 6.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   The  systemic  Grammar     Systemic  Interpreta7on   Grammar   (Elementary  Components)         Dynamics   (Movement)     u        Sta7cs   (Space  -­‐  Structure)     u        Heuris7cs   (Inflexions  –  Limits  –    Angles  –  Switches)     Systemic  PaEerns   Generic      Domain  Related   Contexts     PaEern  Languages   Domain  Related       Genera2ve  processes  -­‐  Nature  of  movement  –  Direc2on  –  Rhythm     –  Effect  of  2me  &  scale  etc…     Func2on  -­‐  Rela2onships  –  Proximity  –  Mutuality  –  Boundary  -­‐  Posi2on  –  feedback  etc…     Logics  of  Change  -­‐  Cogni2ve  Processes  (Jung)  –  Learning  Styles  –  Process  Narra2ves  (Roy)    –  Inference  (What/what/how,  Aristotelian  ethics)  –  Pharmakon/window  of  viability     (S2egler,  Lietaer)  –  One  level  up/down  –  etc…  -­‐  Switches  (DNA)   Systemic  operators  -­‐  Variables  –  Principles  for  combina2on  –  etc…    
  7. 7.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Systemic  Grammar  –  Genera7ve  Syntax     Social  Object     A  social  object  is  a  living  system  akin  to  a  ‘center’  as  defined  by  Christopher  Alexander.     •  An  aEractor  of  aEen2on  (care),  engagement  (focus)  and  energy  (resources)   •  following  it’s  own  ac2on  logic  (driver)   •  which  has  its  own  agency   •  towards  a  shared  vision  and  outcome  (purpose)   Social  Objects  –  Genera7ve  Processes  –  Genera7ve  Outcomes   Each  Social  Object  is  associated  with  a  Process  genera2ve  of  an  Outcome.  The  outcome  is  the  ‘difference’,  the   net  ‘added  value’  generated  via  the  output  of  an  ac2vity,  which  may  become  a  Social  Object  itself,  the  seed   for  something  new,  crea2ng  architectures  of  genera2ve  systems  that  can  be  networked  in  constella2ons  or   nested  at  various  levels  and  scales.  An  applica2on  of  the  principle  of  recursion.     Analogies  with  Gene  Science  and  other  sciences     Genes,  for  example,  combine  to  create,  in  a  complex  cascade  of  2ming  and  intensity,  the  diversity  of  species   on  this  planet,  and  the  reproduc2on  of  life.  What  can  we  lean  from  gene  science  and  other  sciences  for  the   structuring  of  a  systemic  language  that  can  help  design  and  combine  genera2ve  systems  in  a  way  that   increases  collec2ve  awareness  and  collec2ve  intelligence  at  the  service  of  society,  sustainability  and  social   innova2on?  
  8. 8.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Systemic  Grammar     The  purpose  of  this  language  is  to  determine  how  genera2ve  and  recursive  an  ac2vity  is  at  various  2me  and   spa2al  scales,  and  design  change  and  social  innova2on  architectures  that  op2mize  the  genera2ve  poten2al   of  human  ac2vity  –what  I  have  described  in  my  paper  as  the  commons  archetype:  the  factors  of   opportunity  and  renewal  of  the  system  that  insure  its  on-­‐going  thrivability  and  (re)genera2on.  Christopher   Alexander  called  this  the  Quality  with  no  name,  then  Wholeness.    Tom  Atlee  calls  it  Goodness.  Many   defini2on  of  the  “vector”  that  makes  the  world  a  beEer  place,  of  which  we  must  uncover  the  systemic   characteris2cs.       Working  collabora2vely  on  exploring  and  understanding  systemic  effects  is  what  creates  the  bridge   between  the  systemic  and  seman2c  spheres  which  will  help  increase  collec2ve  awareness  and  collec2ve   intelligence,  and  point  the  vectors  in  a  converging  direc2on  in  mutual  recogni2on,  rather  than  seeking   ‘alignment’  and  sameness.     What  are  the  dynamics  we  observe  or  intuit  around  us?  How  do  they  affect  our  experience  and  structures?   How  are  they  themselves  affected  by  2me,  scale,  spa2al  and  structural  factors.    
  9. 9.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Systemic  Grammar       The  inquiry  includes  elements  that  pertain  to  the  system  itself  (the  systemic  sphere),  and  elements  of   our  understanding  and  the  interpreta2on  we  make  of  it  (the  seman2c  sphere  –term  borrowed  to  Pierre   Levy).  The  hermeneu2cal  approach  makes  the  link,  with  heuris2cs  such  as:       Systemic  Inquiry:  Inflec7on  points  &  Limits     Events  or  factors  that  change  the  characteris2cs  of  the  dynamics  or  its  an2cipated  effect.  That  which   form  Bernard  S2egler’s  calls  the  Pharmakon  –  and  Bernard  Lietaer,  the  Window  of  viability.     -­‐  Natural  unfolding  /  paEern.  Thresholds  of  natural  accumula2on  etc…   -­‐  Spa2al/structural  factors.   -­‐  Effects  of  2me  and  scale   -­‐  Feedbacks:  amplifica2on  -­‐  reduc2on   -­‐  What  else?    
  10. 10.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Systemic  Grammar  -­‐  Heuris7cs     Seman7c  Inquiry:  Cogni7ve  Processes       These  elements  are  related  to  how  people  perceive  and  process  informa2on  independently  of  the  values  they   have.     Jung’s  Cogni7ve  Processes  or    Mental  Func7ons   Four  mental  func2ons  and  two  avtude  types  that  differen2ate  cogni2ve  processing  preferences  of   individuals,  and  the  dynamics  by  which  they  operate.     •  Func2ons  of  percep2on  (how  we  focus  our  aEen2on  and  gather  informa2on):   -  sensing     -  Intui2ng     •  Func2ons  of  judgment  (how  we  organize  our  experiences  and  make  decisions)   -  Thinking   -  Feeling   Each  of  these  func2ons  plays  out  predominantly  for  each  of  us  either  in  the   •  ‘introverted’  inner  world  of  our  thoughts,  feeling,  memories  and  imagina2on   •  ‘extraverted’  outer  world  of  ac2ons,  people,  tools  and  organiza2on.       Learning  styles     Focus  on  the  preferred  ‘sensing’  func2on   •  Visual  by  seeing   •  Auditory  by  saying  hearing   •  Kinestethic  by  doing  experiencing  
  11. 11.   A  Systemic  Interpreta2on  Language    Bridging  the  Systemic  &  the  Seman2c  Spheres   Systemic  Grammar  -­‐  Heuris7cs     Seman7c  Inquiry:  Angles,  perspec7ves,  vantage  points.       These  elements  are  related  to  how  people  understand  and  categorize  informa2on,  and  make  decisions,  that   may  influence  the  ‘paradigm’  they  go  ager,  which  influences  the  design  of  systems  as  suggested  by  Donnella   Meadows.     Logics  of  Change     Perspec2ve  of  where  change  can  best  come  from,  also  the  logic  of  engagement  and  ac2on.   •  Symbio2c     •  Agen2c     •  Poli2c-­‐Ethic     •  Technic-­‐Strategic   •  Rela2onal-­‐Emo2onal   •  Systemic   •  Cosmologic     Modes  of  inference   Preferences  in  triads  such  as:   •  Abduc2ve  -­‐  Deduc2ve  –  Induc2ve  reasoning   •  Object  –  Process  –  Outcome   •  What  –  How  –  Why  (or  what  for)   •  Subject  –  Medium  –  Object   •  Virtue  –  Deontology  –  Consequen2alism  ethics