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Towards a Fourth Generation Pattern Language

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Pattern Languages for Systemic transformation. Connected via the systemic dynamics that underlie them, which enable to connect agencies (capacity for change) across practices and to enhance collective interpretation and navigation of systems directionality.

Published in: Design

Towards a Fourth Generation Pattern Language

  1. 1. Pa#ern  Languages     for  Systemic  Transforma5on   Towards  a  4th  Genera/on     of  Pa2ern  Languages       PURPLSOC  2015  Helene  Finidori  –  Sayfan  Borghini    
  2. 2. Bridging  mul+ple  paths   “On  each  con/nent  and  in  each  na/on  one  can  find  crea/ve  bubbling,  a  mul/tude  of   poli/cal  ini/a/ves  in  the  direc/on  of  economic,  social,  poli/cal,  cogni/ve,   educa/onal,  ethical  or  existen/al  regenera/on.         But  everything  that  must  be  connected  is  yet  dispersed,  compartmented,  separated.   These  ini/a/ves  are  not  aware  of  each  other,  no  ins/tu/on  enumerates  them,  and  no   one  is  familiar  with  them.  They  are  nonetheless  the  livestock  for  the  future.  It  is  now  a   ma2er  of  recognizing,  aggrega/ng,  enlis/ng  them  in  order  to  open  up   transforma/onal  paths.       These  mul/ple  paths,  jointly  developing,  will  intermesh  to  form  a  new  Path  which  will   decompose  into  the  paths  each  of  us  will  follow  and  which  will  guide  us  toward  the     s/ll  invisible  and  inconceivable  metamorphosis.”     Morin,  E.  (2011).  La  Voie:  Pour  l'avenir  de  l'Humanité.  (Paris:  Fayard).  Pp.  34.  Translated  by  H.  Finidori.    
  3. 3.   From  a  big  picture,  aggregated  perspec/ve?     §  Are  we  actually  changing  something?  And  is  the  change  we   ‘design’  going  in  the  ‘right’  direc/on?   §  What  is  my  ‘place’  my  ‘posi/on’  in  the  space  of  societal  change?   And  how  can  my  own  endeavor  benefit  the  whole?   §  How  can  what  others  are  doing  benefit  my  own  endeavor?  And   how  can  my  own  endeavor  benefit  others?   The  Challenges  of  Societal  Change  
  4. 4.   The  Pursuit  of  Pa2ern  Languages  for  Societal  Change  involves       1.  The  development  of  domain  specific  or  project  specific  Pa2ern   Languages  towards  societal  change.   2.  Looking  at  how  pa2ern  languages  can  help  coalesce  various   societal  change  efforts  to  increase  collec/ve  awareness  and   mul/ply  the  impact  of  disparate  ini/a/ves.     Pa9ern  Languages  &  Societal  Change  
  5. 5. Mul+faceted  Engagement  in  Social  Change   Learning  styles   Mental  func/ons   Crea/ve  styles   Values   Beliefs   Mo/va/ons   we chose to focus our attention, efforts and resources on What   Why   How   we do what we do, what drives us we function, process information, Interact with systems and people Language   Paradigm   Technologies   Telos:  the  inten/onality   through  which  the  why   becomes  a  what   Know-­‐how:  the  praxis   through  which  the  how   becomes  a  what   Paradigm:  the  thought  pa2erns    through  which  the  why  becomes  a  how  
  6. 6. Shaping  the  paradigms  our  systems  arise  from   Donella  Meadows  –  12  Points  to  intervene  in  a  System  
  7. 7.   This  applies  to  social  change  too:   Independently  from  their  actual  paradigm,   telos  and  know-­‐how,  change  agents   individually  or  in  groups  may  prefer  to   intervene  on  the  ‘thing’  itself,  on  the   prac/ces  or  on  the  inten/ons  and   mo/va/ons  of  stakeholders  (Commons,   commoning,  commoners)…   etc…   Priori/zed   Dimension   Systems observed & transformed Objects of attention What   Why   How   Paradigm   Where To Intentions Psycho-cognitive Drivers Relationships to each-other & the system Practices Social   Change   Agent   Dimensions,  priori+zed  
  8. 8. Individuals  or  groups  assemble  in  clusters   around  one  or  several  shared  dimensions  of   change,  engagement  or  ac/on,  with  variable   degrees  of  cohesiveness  on  all  preferences.       Change  is  driven  from  a  whole  variety  of   clusters  that  cannot  or  do  not  necessarily  want   to  align  on  any  if  not  all  of  these  dimensions.   Note  that  a  How  or  a  Why  for  one  group  can  be  a   What  (object  of  a2en/on  and  care)  for  another,   and  that  the  development  of  a  how  or  a  what  can   be  invoked  as  a  why…     Which  makes  things  rather  complicated  when   talking  about  strategies  for  change.   Agency,  mul+faceted  and  distributed    
  9. 9. These  bubbles    of  agency,  or  islands  of   language  and  knowledge  are  effec/ve  in  their   own  cohesive  domain  of  focus.       They  func/on  effec/vely  and  convergently   within  their  own  boundaries,  with  new  ideas   that  permeate  through  areas  of  overlap  with   other  clusters.        For  change  to  cross  boundaries  and  be  sustainable     it  needs  to  occur  in  a  variety  of  ways  and  come   from  a  variety  of  places  in  the  system.    A  network   of  interven/ons  on  whys,  hows  and  whats  that  can   cross  pollinate  each  other.       “Social  networks  influence  how  ideas  and  beliefs  can  spread  around  a  society.  In  this  study,  the  University  of  Pennsylvania's  Damon   Centola  shows  that  networks  that  are  very  diffuse  (lej)  make  it  hard  for  ideas  to  catch  on,  while  networks  with  very  strong  group   boundaries  (right)  make  it  almost  impossible  for  ideas  to  spread.  A  network  that  was  moderately  "grouped,"  however,  was  most   conducive  to  spreading  complex  ideas.”  Credit:  University  of  Pennsylvania     Read  more  at:  h2p://phys.org/news/2015-­‐06-­‐social-­‐networks-­‐group-­‐boundaries-­‐ideas.html#jCp   Agency,  clusters  and  interconnected    
  10. 10.   •  Are  we  actually  changing  something?  And  is  the  change  going  in  the  ‘right’   direc/on?   Ø  We  must  find  ways  to  make  sure  our  designs  and  their  evolu/on   responds  to  the  intended  direc/onality  of  the  system  in  a  sustainable   way  (telos)     •  What  is  my  ‘place’  my  ‘posi/on’  in  the  space  of  societal  change?  And  how   can  my  own  endeavor  benefit  the  whole?   Ø  We  must  find  ways  to  understand  and  recognize  each  other  across   domains  and  paradigms,  and  accommodate  our  divergent  priori/es  and   inten/onali/es.       •  How  can  what  others  are  doing  benefit  my  own  endeavor?  And  how  can  my   own  endeavor  benefit  others?   Ø  We  must  find  ways  to  exchange  and  cross  pollinate  experience  and   know-­‐how  across  domains   •  How  to  increase  collec/ve  awareness    and  make  ‘agency’  more  effec/ve  at   the  collec/ve  level?   The  Challenges  of  Societal  Change  
  11. 11. How  to  increase  collec/ve  awareness     and  make  ‘agency’  more  effec/ve   at  the  collec/ve  level?   Understand and recognize each-other across paradigms and leverage the contribution of each to the whole Accommodate divergent intentionalities… Exchange and cross-pollinate experience and know-how across domains Systems observed & transformed Nexus of attention What   Why   How   Paradigm   System Intentionality Psycho-cognitive Drivers Relationships to each-other & the system Practices Collec+ve   Awareness   &  Agency   Make sure our designs and their evolution responds to the intended directionality of the system in a sustainable way Addressing  the  challenges  of  social  change  from  a  systemic  perspec+ve  
  12. 12. They  addresses  the  three  dimensions  of   change  in  each  of  their  specific  domains     Pa9erns  &  Pa9ern  Language  Pa9erns  &  Pa9ern  Languages   Vehicle for a Purpose: QWAN, Wholeness Aliveness, life supporting etc… Give a directionality to the designed objects Organized procedure and tool, instrument for sense-making and design to purpose Systems observed & transformed Objects of attention What   Why   How   Paradigm   System Intentionality Psycho-cognitive Drivers Relationships to each-other & the system Practices Pa9ern   &  Pa9ern   Languages   Lingua Franca in a domain of practice, formalizing tacit knowledge
  13. 13. Christopher  Alexander  was  on  a  quest  to  integrate  complexity  into  Design.     In  the  words  of  Alexander:  “The  crea/on  of    fine-­‐tuned,  well  -­‐adapted  Complexity  must  now  take  shape  as  a   major  topic  of  scien/fic  thought.  Our  ability  or  failure  to  master  this  science  is  crucial  to  our  survival”     However,  design  pa2erns  as  problem  solu/on  constructs  became  a  way  to  reduce  complexity  while  we  need   more  than  ever  pa2erns  to  support  our  understanding  of  complexity  and  that  can  help  us  expand   opportuni/es  and  alterna/ves.     The  recent  decades  achieved  a  greater  maturity  in  the  understanding  of  organized  complexity  allowing  us  to   be2er  see  the  rich  set  of  dynamics  and  effects  produced  by  systems.  We  need  to  bring  these  insights  into   pa2ern  languages.               Systemic  elements  in  Pa9ern  Languages  
  14. 14. Alexander  asked  “what  is  the  criteria  of  success  for  a  complex  system?”     We  design  systems,  over  /me  they  take  their  own  dynamics,  and  we  have  li2le  means  to  monitor  the   evolu/on  of  systems  in  rela/on  to  their  intended  direc/onality.     We  do  need  to  introduce  and  build  a  transversal  knowledge  for  the  naviga+on  and  orienta+on  of  systems   along  their  evolu+on  in  +me.     Pa2erns  are  a  cri/cal  tool  in  this,  in  the  possibility  they  embody  to  connect  general  abstract  theory  to  the   local  prac/ce  across  contexts  and  cultures.       Pa2erns  can  be  connected  through  systemic  elements,  which  also  establish  a  seman/c  connec/on  across   pa2ern  languages  and  domains  of  prac/ce.     Systemic  elements  in  Pa9ern  Languages  
  15. 15. There  is  a  correla/on  between  structural  aspects  of  a  system,  the  behavior  of  it,  and  the  possible  ways  in  which   it  evolves  its  ini/al  behavior  over  /me,  that  pa2ern  languages  can  encode  and  decode  in  order  to  orient  and   evolve  our    designs.   Forms and systems people build or that arise from social interaction Structure   Evolu+on   Behavior   The way the system transforms, adapting over time (generating, depleting, changing) Func/on   Of  the   System   The way the system operates over time Poten+ality   Systems  adapt  and  evolve  in  +me  
  16. 16. Orientation Dynamic Systemic Forms (Structures & Systemic behaviors, Relationships & Effects) Design is emergent in the system, stigmergetic and self- organizing over time Connecting agencies across domains and praxis Collective interpretation and navigation of system directionality Collaborative discovery, sense- making and learning in action Efficiency and accuracy of development Practice of design Pattern Language 4.0 Adapted  from  Takashi  Iba  –  Comparison  among  genera/ons  of  Pa2ern  Language       Towards  a  4th  Genera+on  of  Pa9ern  Languages  
  17. 17. How  can  this  be  put  to  work  so  that  these  various  pa2ern  languages  interconnect,    ‘serve’  and  complement   each  other?     Systems observed & transformed Objects of attention What   Why   How   Paradigm   System directionality Intentions Psycho-cognitive Drivers Relationships to each-other & the system Practices Pa9ern   &  Pa9ern   Languages   Pa9erns  &  Pa9ern  Languages  as  a  response  
  18. 18. Systems observed & transformed Objects of attention What   Why   How   Paradigm   System Intentionality Psycho-cognitive Drivers Relationships to each-other & the system Practices Explore               Probe   Know-­‐how  Repository  Systemic  Pa9ern  Language   Assess   Evolve   Learn   Share   Dis/nguish               Understand   Appreciate           Federate   Hermeneu+c  Inquiry       Collec+ve   Interpreta+on   Media+on   Orienta+on   Decode   Encode   PLAST:  a  collec+ve  interpreta+on  and  systemic  orienta+on  System  
  19. 19. ‘Hacking’ & Sense-making Systemic Interpretation Elements as units of structure and behavior enable the recognition, sense making and ‘re- elaboration’ of observed or known systemic phenomena, identified issues, alternative possibilities and models. Systemic Inquiry These elements are combined into systemic patterns as building blocks to describe and interpret (encode, decode) interacting forces and dynamics in domain patterns, operating on a meta-level to assess, compare and evolve models and practices. Semantic Inquiry Semantic Connections are established through primitives and systemic patterns used as tags to connect patterns across pattern languages and domains, and across levels. Mutual Discovery Semantic connections enable collective exploration of possibilities across pattern languages, domain and levels in the system. Searchable and navigable repository The Pattern as knowledge format enables the recording and sharing of know-how in an interoperable format. Collaborative Learning & Design The Pattern as ‘object’ of collaborative discussions is used as learning tool on the field for deeper understanding and collective problem solving. Collective Hermeneutic Approach The Pattern as unit of research through a hermeneutic process and the recording of controversies and evolution of thought, enables to better address wicked and almost impossible challenges involving multiple domains and patterns. Assessing Fitness to Purpose The Pattern as tool to cast “intention” or desired effect can help monitor course of action and readjust structures, models and practice. Orientation heuristics An orientation engine based on angles of approach, action logics, cognitive preferences, helps navigate adjacent possibles and create multiple personas and scenarios. How  PLAST  Operates  

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