Edu virtual museum

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Edu virtual museum

  1. 1. The Regions ofC South Carolina Museum BO LA US E Inner Coastal PlainT Outer Coastal Plain Back Wall Sandhills ArtifactA Museum Entrance R PiedmontL I DZ GO ENE
  2. 2. C O A S T A L Z O N EMuseum CoastalEntrance Zone
  3. 3. Add Room 3 Add Artifact 12 Artifact 10MuseumEntrance Coastal Outer Zone Coastal Plain
  4. 4. OMuseum UEntrance T E R Add C Add O Museum Entrance Room 3 Add Artifact 12 Room Title Artifact 11 Artifact 10 A S T A L P L A IMuseumEntrance N Coastal Outer Zone Coastal Plain
  5. 5. Museum OEntrance U T E R C O Room 3 A S T A L P L A I N Inner Outer Coastal PlainCoastal Plain
  6. 6. Museum IEntrance N N E R C O A S T A L P L A I N Inner Outer Coastal Plain Coastal Plain
  7. 7. Museum IEntrance N N E R Add C Add O Room 3 Add Artifact 12 Artifact 11 Artifact 10 A S T A L P L A I N Inner Sandhills Coastal Plain
  8. 8. Museum Entrance S A N Add D Add Artifact 13 Room 4 Artifact 16 H I L L S InnerCoastal Plain Sandhills
  9. 9. S A N D H I L L SMuseumEntrance Sandhills Piedmont
  10. 10. Museum PiedmontEntrance P I Add E Room 3 Add Artifact 12 Artifact 10 D M O N TSandhills
  11. 11. MuseumEntrance P I Add Add E Museum Entrance Room 3 Add Artifact 12 Room Title Artifact 11 Artifact 10 D M O N TMuseumEntrancePiedmont Blue Ridge
  12. 12. MuseumEntrance B L U E Add Add Artifact 8 Artifact 5 Room 2 R I D G E Blue Ridge Piedmont
  13. 13. Museum Entrance B L U E Add Room 3 Add Artifact 12 Artifact 10 R I D G EBlue Ridge
  14. 14. Spartina grass makes up the marshland of South Carolina. It was planted to help control erosion; however, it can become an invasive plant. It can over run many other plants in the area.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  15. 15. South Carolina has 2,876 miles of coastal shoreline. We are ranked the eleventh longest in the US for coastal shoreline. This benefits our economy greatly. Tourism plays a major role in our economy.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  16. 16. The world’s second largest ocean. It border South Carolina’s eastern coast. The Atlantic Ocean is home to many different sea creatures and brings people from all around the world to our state.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  17. 17. A view of South Carolina’s shoreline. You cansee the many different islands and rivers that make up the South Carolina Low Country.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  18. 18. Beach erosion is a constant threat to ourcoastline. A lot of the sand on our beaches can be carried away by the pull of the Atlantic or blown away by the wind.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  19. 19. A watershed is a geographic area from which water drains toward a common watercourse (such as a lake, stream, and ocean) in a natural basin. They are the basic building blocks of the natural environment. Plants and animals depend on a healthy watershed to provide their habitat.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  20. 20. South Carolina has two shrimp seasons. The first runs from May through August, when smaller, brown shrimp are harvested. The popular white shrimp season begins in September and lasts through December.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  21. 21. Barrier Islands, a coastal landform and a type of barrier system, are relatively narrow strips of sandthat parallel the mainland coast. They usually occurin chains, consisting of anything from a few islandsto more than a dozen. Excepting the tidal inlets that separate the islands, a barrier chain may extend uninterrupted for over a hundred kilometersMuseum CoastalEntrance Zone
  22. 22. The Hunting Island Lighthouse is located in Hunting Island State Park on Hunting Island near Beaufort, South Carolina. Although no longer utilized as a functioning lighthouse, the tower is a fixture at the state park and is open to visitors.Museum CoastalEntrance Zone
  23. 23. The Charleston Harbor is an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean at Charleston, South Carolina. The inlet isformed by the junction of Ashley and Cooper rivers. Sullivans Island shelters the entrance. Charleston Harbor is part of the Intracoastal Waterway. The inlet is evidence of a drowned coastline, created by a rise in sea level in recent geologic time. Museum Coastal Entrance Zone
  24. 24. A delta is a landform that is formed at the mouth of a river, where that river flows into an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, or reservoir. Deltas are formed from the buildup of the sediment carried by the river as the flow leaves the mouth of the riverMuseum OuterEntrance Coastal Plain
  25. 25. A plantation is a large farm or estate where cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated. Most of the plantationsalong the coastal plain grew rice, indigo, or Sea Island cotton.Museum OuterEntrance Coastal Plain
  26. 26. South Carolina has more marsh acreage than any other Atlantic coast state (344,500 acres of salt marsh). Because salt marshes in South Carolina are influenced by the twice daily rise and fall of tides, they are subject to rapid changes in salinity, temperature and water depth.Museum OuterEntrance Coastal Plain
  27. 27. American alligators inhabit the southeastern United States. Once a federally listed endangered species, American alligators have recovered . The species is still federally listed as threatened because it looks like the American crocodile, which is endangered. In South Carolina, alligators have been recorded to reach lengths of more than 13 feet.Museum OuterEntrance Coastal Plain
  28. 28. Wetlands (swamps, marshes, and bogs) are areas ofland that are wet seasonally or permanently. Believed to be the most diverse ecosystems in the world, wetlands are home to various species ofplants, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Thisincludes many threatened and endangered species. In addition to wildlife habitat, wetlands act as filters toimprove water quality. Wetlands also reduce flooding and recharge ground water. Museum Outer Entrance Coastal Plain
  29. 29. You can see the difference between land and water on this infrared map. Can you see all the waterways on our coast?Museum OuterEntrance Coastal Plain
  30. 30. The Coastal Plain is flat and has a lowelevation. These two factors make it extremely susceptible to flooding especially during a hurricane.Museum OuterEntrance Coastal Plain
  31. 31. As you can see there is little change in the elevation of the coastal plain. It is basically flatland.Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  32. 32. The coastal plain has a rich history of a diverse agricultural sector, producing large quantities of tomatoes, rice, and vegetables. However, with changing markets, development pressure, and rising land prices, local farms are disappearing. The Coastal Conservation League and Lowcountry Local First are working together to preserve Lowcountry agriculture.Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  33. 33. Millions of years ago the inner coastal plain was underwater.Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  34. 34. Notice all the waterways on top of the flat layer of bedrock.Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  35. 35. The Great Pee Dee is large and wild. Most of the land bordering the river is floodplain forest. The corridor is a swath of high quality wildlife habitat, boasting 120 species of fish, at least 25 rare plant species, several endangered and threatened species (including the American alligator and bald eagle), and typical South Carolina game species, such as white tail deer.Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  36. 36. Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  37. 37. Woods Bay State Park offers a close-up look at one of the last remaining large Carolina Bays on the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain. The 1,590- acre park, located in the coastal plains region, features a wide range of habitats including marsh, sandhills, oak-hickory forest and shrub bog.Museum InnerEntrance Coastal Plain
  38. 38. The 45,348-acre refuge serves as a demonstration site for land management practices, which preserve and enhance the longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem. It is home to a variety of plants and animals. The refugesupports approximately 190 species of birds, 42 species of mammals, 41 species of reptiles, 25 species of amphibians, and innumerable species of plants. The refuge supports an estimated 125 clusters of the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker, the largest population in the National Wildlife Refuge System. Museum Sandhills Entrance
  39. 39. A large portion of the rocks and sediment inSouth Carolina contain fossils. The majority of these fossils are of marine life from the Miocene Epoch. The Miocene Epoch wasbetween 22.7 and 5.3 million years ago. During this time an ancient shoreline came up to the sandhills.Museum SandhillsEntrance
  40. 40. Above the sand deposits of the sandhills lies the Fall line, where the rocky river beds meet the sediment covered river bottoms of the Coastal Plain. This was as far as most boats could sail safely upriver. Museum Sandhills Entrance
  41. 41. The broad-headed skink gets its name from the wide jaws, giving the head a triangular appearance. Broad-headed skinks are widely distributed in the south-eastern states of the U.S. These skinks are sometimes wrongly thought to be venomous. Broad-headed skinks are non venomous.Museum SandhillsEntrance
  42. 42. Anoles are small and common lizards that can befound throughout the southeastern United States. A large majority of them sport a green coloration,including the only species native to North America, the aptly named Green anole, although the green anole can change its color based on its mood and surroundings. Museum Sandhills Entrance
  43. 43. Lake Juniper is a beautiful 300 acre lake. It is a favorite of canoers and kayakers seeking solitude among the cypress and white cedars. Visitors can walk the boardwalk along the edge of the lake and see the hand crafted "waterfall" spillway at the dam. Access to the lake is through Cheraw State Recreation Area which also offers camping, cabins, group camps, trails, and golf.Museum SandhillsEntrance
  44. 44. Seven of the eight species of pitcherplants are confined to the south-eastern coastal plain of the U.S. They inhabit swamps and grassy plains. They are threatenedin the wild by development and drainage of their habitat. Estimates indicate 97% of their habitat has been destroyed in the southeastern U.S. Several southeastern states, such as Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina have conservation laws to protect them. Museum Sandhills Entrance
  45. 45. The longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem, the characteristic habitat of Carolina sandhills region, once coveredapproximately 90 million acres in the southeastern U. S.This unique ecosystem, shaped by thousands of years ofnatural fires that burned through every two to four years, has been reduced to fewer than two million acres, representing a 97 percent decline in this importantecosystem. Today, only scattered patches of the longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem occur, primarily in the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and Museum Texas. Sandhills Entrance
  46. 46. White-tailed deer are generalists and can adapt to awide variety of habitats. They thrive throughout the state. One way white-tailed deer communicate is with their white tail. When a white-tailed deer isspooked it will raise its tail to warn the other deer in the area that can see it. The white-tailed deer is the state animal of South Carolina. Museum Sandhills Entrance
  47. 47. The Sandhills are hilly, unconnected bands of sand left from the ocean dunes during the Miocene Epoch Era. Sand depths in sandhills can reach as deep as 60 meters (198 feet). The sandhills are wedged between the Coastal Plains and Piedmont regions of North and South Carolina and Georgia.Museum SandhillsEntrance
  48. 48. The gopher tortoise is native to the southeastern United States. The gopher tortoise is seen as a keystone species because it digs burrows that provide shelter for 360 other animal species. They are threatened by predation and habitat destruction. On average, each gopher tortoise needs about 4 acres to live.Museum SandhillsEntrance
  49. 49. The U.S. piedmont extends along most of the southeastern U.S.Museum PiedmontEntrance
  50. 50. The many beautiful waterfalls of South Carolina include secluded mountain cascades, thundering 400-foot river drops and the highest waterfalls in the southeast, Raven Cliff Falls, located near the striking Blue Ridge Mountains.Museum PiedmontEntrance
  51. 51. Monadnock is an originally Native American term for an isolated hill or a lone mountain that has risen above the surrounding area, typically by surviving erosion. Monadnock is used to describe an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from an area of relatively flat and/or lower terrain.Museum PiedmontEntrance
  52. 52. Kings Mountain National Military Park is a National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina,along the North Carolina/South Carolina border. Thepark commemorates the Battle of Kings Mountain, apivotal and significant victory by American Patriots over American Loyalists during the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War. Museum Piedmont Entrance
  53. 53. Piedmont means foot of the mountains. Beingat the foot of the mountains this region contains many creeks, rivers, and streams running through it. Many streams begin in themountains and run down through the piedmont region.Museum PiedmontEntrance
  54. 54. Table Rock State Park is a 3,083-acre park at the edge of the Blue Ridge Mountains in northern Pickens County. The park includes Pinnacle Mountain, the tallest mountain totally within the state. There are two park lakes with seasonalswimming permitted and hiking trails that lead to the Pinnacle Mountain Summit, Mill Creek Falls, and the summit of Table Rock. Museum Piedmont Entrance
  55. 55. The Blue Ridge Escarpment is the geological phenomenon where the southern Appalachian Mountains suddenly end and the piedmont begins. Over a distance of just a few miles, the elevation drops 2,000 feet. Standing at the overlook at Caesars Head best illustrates this elevation drop.Museum Blue RidgeEntrance
  56. 56. The Blue Ridge Region makes up only 2% of the land area of South Carolina. Even though it only takes up a small amount of space it supports the most extensive upland hardwood forest complex in the state, and as you can see most of the land is protected.Museum Blue RidgeEntrance
  57. 57. Sassafras Mountain is the highest peak at 3,560 feet above sea level, although it straddles the NC border. Pinnacle Mountain is the tallest peak totally within SC.MuseumEntrance Blue Ridge
  58. 58. From September through November there is anactive hawk watch at the overlook at CaesarsHead. On a good day in September, hundredseven thousands of hawks might be seen passingthrough. Its not unusual to see 200 to 300hawks at one time soaring or circling overhead.Museum Blue RidgeEntrance
  59. 59. Caesars Head, along with Jones Gap State Park and other wildlife preserves in upper Greenville County, create the protectedMountain Bridge Wilderness Area. It is almost seven and a half thousand acres in size and along with Jones Gap State Park.Museum Blue RidgeEntrance
  60. 60. Mountains are formations which rise high from the area around them. The Appalachian Mountains, the oldest mountain chain in theU.S., were formed about 342 million years ago. They are folded mountains - when rock layers are squeezed from opposite sides, and the rock layers buckle and fold.Museum Blue RidgeEntrance
  61. 61.  2-1.1 Identify on a map the location of places and geographic features of the local community (e.g., landforms, bodies of water, parks) using the legend and the cardinal directions. 2-1.2 Recognize characteristics of the local region, including its geographic features and natural resources. 2-1.3 Recognize the features of urban, suburban, and rural areas of the local region. 2-1.4 Summarize changes that have occurred in the local community over time, including changes in the use of land and in the way people earn their living.

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