Introduction to Fitness Chapter 1
Wellness Continuum
Wellness: The New Health Goal <ul><li>Wellness= optimal health and vitality </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions of Wellness </li>...
New Opportunities, New Responsibilities <ul><li>Infectious diseases, caused by invading microorganisms, were leading cause...
Leading Causes of Death Overall <ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>...
Leading Causes of Death by Age  (these are only immediate causes) <ul><li>Ages 15-24 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unintentional I...
Behaviors That Contribute to Wellness <ul><li>Be physically active </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a healthy diet </li></ul><ul><...
Actual Causes of Death in the United States  (deaths per year) <ul><li>Smoking 435,000  </li></ul><ul><li>Diet and inactiv...
Public Health Achievements
Physical Activity and Exercise for Health and Fitness <ul><li>Physical activity levels have declined </li></ul><ul><li>Hea...
Physical Activity on a Continuum <ul><li>Physical activity  = any body movement carried out by the skeletal muscles and re...
Lifestyle Physical Activity <ul><li>For health promotion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expend about 150 calories—equivalent to 30...
Health-Related Components of Physical Fitness <ul><li>Health-related fitness = physical capacities that contribute to heal...
Health-Related Components of Physical Fitness <ul><ul><li>2.  Muscular Strength  = the amount of force a muscle can produc...
Skill-Related Components of Fitness (mostly sport-specific) <ul><li>Speed e.g. sprinting </li></ul><ul><li>Power e.g. high...
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Chapter 1 Intro to Fitness

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Chapter 1 Intro to Fitness

  1. 1. Introduction to Fitness Chapter 1
  2. 2. Wellness Continuum
  3. 3. Wellness: The New Health Goal <ul><li>Wellness= optimal health and vitality </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions of Wellness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Wellness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Wellness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual Wellness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal and Social Wellness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental and Planetary Wellness </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. New Opportunities, New Responsibilities <ul><li>Infectious diseases, caused by invading microorganisms, were leading causes of death a century ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic diseases, caused by a variety of lifestyle and other factors, are the leading causes of death today. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Leading Causes of Death Overall <ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Chronis lower respiratory diseases (emphysema, chronic bronchitis) </li></ul><ul><li>Unintentional injuries (accidents) </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Leading Causes of Death by Age (these are only immediate causes) <ul><li>Ages 15-24 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unintentional Injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congenital Defects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ages 25-44 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unintentional Injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic Liver Disease </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Behaviors That Contribute to Wellness <ul><li>Be physically active </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a healthy diet </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a healthy body weight </li></ul><ul><li>Manage stress effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid tobacco and drug use and limit alcohol consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Protect yourself from disease and injury </li></ul>
  8. 8. Actual Causes of Death in the United States (deaths per year) <ul><li>Smoking 435,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Diet and inactivity 400,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol 65,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Microbial agents 75,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic agents 55,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Motor vehicles 43,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Firearms 29,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual behavior 20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit drug use 17,000 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Public Health Achievements
  10. 10. Physical Activity and Exercise for Health and Fitness <ul><li>Physical activity levels have declined </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy People 2010 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 55% of U.S. adults do not engage in recommended amounts of activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25% are not active at all </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Physical Activity on a Continuum <ul><li>Physical activity = any body movement carried out by the skeletal muscles and requiring energy </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise = planned, structured, repetitive movement of the body designed to improve or maintain physical fitness </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Fitness = a set of physical attributes that allows the body to respond to the demands and stress of physical effort (“fit for what”?) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Lifestyle Physical Activity <ul><li>For health promotion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expend about 150 calories—equivalent to 30 minutes of brisk walking—on most days </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For health promotion and weight management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage in 45-60 or more minutes of activity on most days </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Health-Related Components of Physical Fitness <ul><li>Health-related fitness = physical capacities that contribute to health </li></ul><ul><li>Five components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Cardiorespiratory endurance = the ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate-to-high levels of intensity. Example: running </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Health-Related Components of Physical Fitness <ul><ul><li>2. Muscular Strength = the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort. E.g. leg press of 50 lbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Muscular endurance = The ability of a muscle or group of muscles to remain contracted or to contract repeatedly. E.g. 30 bicep curls using 3 lbs dumbbells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Flexibility = the ability to move joints through their full range of motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Body composition = the proportion of fat and fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and water) in the body (Body fat %, BMI) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Skill-Related Components of Fitness (mostly sport-specific) <ul><li>Speed e.g. sprinting </li></ul><ul><li>Power e.g. high jumping </li></ul><ul><li>Agility e.g. soccer dribbling around players </li></ul><ul><li>Balance e.g. static or dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination e.g. eye-hand coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction Time e.g. start from a jumping block in swimming </li></ul>

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