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Evolution theory and science eng.12.1.2021

Evolution theory and science eng.12.1.2021

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Evolution theory is critically analysed based on the most recent scientific discoveries.

Evolution theory is critically analysed based on the most recent scientific discoveries.

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Evolution theory and science eng.12.1.2021

  1. 1. Matti Heinonen 12.1.2021
  2. 2. ”The truth is not for all men, but only those who seek it.” - Ayn Rand
  3. 3. Darwin's theory  The origin of life  Is life biochemically determined?  The role of chance  Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien Intervention  Conclusions
  4. 4.  “Because the theory of evolution contains an explanation of the origin of humanity, it has had a profound impact on human society.” (Wikipedia)  “It set a new direction that later scientific research cannot ignore.” (Independent)  “Modern thinking is heavily dependent on the influence of Charles Darwin.” (Scientific American)
  5. 5.  “If I were to give an award for the best single idea anyone ever had, I'd give it to Darwin, ahead of Newton and Einstein and everyone else.  In a single stroke, the idea of evolution by natural selection unifies the realm of life, meaning, and purpose with the realm of space and time, cause and effect, mechanism and physical law.” Source: DARWIN, MATERIALISM AND EVOLUTION A review of D C Dennett, Darwin's Dangerous Idea (London, 1995) Alex Callinicos Alex Callinicos, Marxist
  6. 6.  “I am an ardent supporter evolutionist and an ex-Christian, but I must admit that this one complaint is absolutely right.  Evolution theory is a religion.  This was true of evolution in the beginning of the theory, and it is still true today.  Evolution therefore came into being as a kind of secular ideology, an explicit substitute for Christianity.” Michael Ruse Professor of Philosophy and Zoology Michael Ruse: Saving Darvinism from the Darwinians, National Post, May 13, 2000, p.3
  7. 7. The purpose of the presentation is to draw conclusions from the latest findings in various disciplines. Is the evolution outlined by Darwin a valid scientific theory or is it more of a secular ideology as Michael Ruse mentioned?
  8. 8. • In his book, “On the Origin of Species” (1859), Charles Darwin, the father of theory, compared life to a large tree in which the roots of the tree corresponds to the first cell born. • Over a long period of time, the branches of the tree represented process by which organisms change over time as a result of changes in heritable physical or behavioral traits. Charles Darwin
  9. 9. • According to the evolution theory, all existing and past organisms have evolved from a common strain slowly through uncontrolled mutations and natural selection. • According to the theory, the birth and development of organisms is thus a meaningless process controlled by the laws of nature.
  10. 10.  The assumption is that because variation/ microevolution is such an overwhelmingly proven fact that, therefore, macroevolution must be as well.  Macroevolution can be defined as evolution above the species level, or evolution on a “grand scale,” but it has never been observed and is more disputable.
  11. 11.  “There is no reason to doubt that Darwin successfully explained the small adjustments by which an organism adapts to local circumstances: changes to fur density or wing style or beak shape.  Yet there are many reasons to doubt whether he can explain the big picture – not the fine –tuning of species but the emergence of new ones.” David Gelernter Professor of computer science at Yale University Lähde/Source: Gelernter, David: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=noj4phMT9OE
  12. 12.  Darwin's theory The origin of life  Is life biochemically determined?  The role of chance  Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien Intervention  Conclusions
  13. 13.  As for the origin of life, there are only two options.  The first is the birth of life through uncontrolled mutations and natural selection.  Another option is that some higher intelligence and conscious mind is behind the birth of life.  There is no third option.
  14. 14. • Natural selection can only work after the first cell has been formed that is able to replicate itself and pass the information on to future generations. • Darwin assumed that cell was simple blob of jellylike protoplasm. • DNA was first discovered in 1869 (Miescher) and its molecular structure only in 1953 (Crick).
  15. 15.  Before the electron microscopes and other advanced techniques, it was assumed that the cells was a fairly simple blob of protoplasm.  Technological advances have provided detailed information about the inner workings of the cell.  Each cell is in effect a veritable microminiaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery.  A cell is made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms and is far more complicated than any machine built by human.
  16. 16. • The data content of even a simple cell is estimated to be at least 10¹² bits. • This corresponds to about 100 million pages of the encyclopedia. *Carl Sagan, "Life" in Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia (1974 ed.), pp. 893-894.
  17. 17.  ”If life began unaided under primordial conditions in a natural system containing zero knowledge,  then it should be possible – it should be easy – to create life in a laboratory today.  But determined attempts have failed… no one has come even close.” Gregg Easterbrook Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  18. 18. Alexander Oparin Russian biochemist (Origin of Life, p. 196) “The question of the origin of the cell is unfortunately one of the most ambiguous in the whole theory of evolution.”
  19. 19. Paul Davies Physicist, professor at Arizona State University  “One of the great outstanding scientific mysteries is the origin of life.  How did it happen?...  The truth is, nobody has a clue.”
  20. 20.  Darwin's theory  The origin of life Is life biochemically determined?  The role of chance  Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien intervention  Conclusions
  21. 21.  In their book “Biochemical Predestination”, Kenyon and Steinman concluded that  “Life might have been biochemically predestined by the properties of attraction that exist between its chemical parts, especially between amino acids in proteins.”  Kenyon and Steinman believed that proteins were directly formed by attraction between amino acids without DNA coding, and that these were derivatives from non- living raw chemicals in a conducive environment. Dan Kenyon Gary Steinman
  22. 22.  They argued that life originated with the chemical properties of amino acids  causing them to be attracted to each other, forming first peptides and then long protein chains.
  23. 23.  In reality, genes contain the DNA information needed to make amino acids functional molecules called proteins.  The journey from gene to protein is complex and tightly controlled within each cell. It consists of two major steps: transcription and translation.  During the process of transcription, the information stored in a gene’s DNA is used as a blueprint to produce a similar molecule called RNA in the cell nucleus. Both RNA and DNA are made up of a chain of nucleotide bases, but they have slightly different chemical properties.  A cell holds 42 million protein molecules.
  24. 24.  The proteins that make up living organisms are molecules, but they are composed of tinier building blocks, known as amino acids.  There are over 500 amino acids found in nature, yet, of these, the human genetic code only directly codes for 20.  Amino acids have the be in exactly in correct order to create proteins (just like alphabets in text).
  25. 25.  “Life requires carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids and proteins to be born.  Biologists seem to think the chemical synthesis are easy to explain.  Biologists have been seriously misinformed.  Synthetic chemistry does not provide these mechanisms and biologists do not have any idea of them.  The basis upon which we as scientists are relying on the evolution theory is so shaky that we must openly state the situation for what it is,  It is a complete mystery.” James Tour Dr. of synthetic chemistry Rice University
  26. 26. Dr. Stephen C. Meyer  “Cells employ a complex information- processing system to access and express the information stored in DNA as they use that information to build the proteins and protein machines that they need to stay alive.  Scientists attempting to explain the origin of life must explain how both information-rich molecules and the cell’s information-processing system arose.”
  27. 27.  What makes the origin of life and of the genetic code a disturbing riddle is this: the genetic code is without any biological function unless it is translated; that is, unless it leads to the synthesis of the proteins whose structure is laid dawn by the code.  But…the machinery by which the cell translates the code consists of at least fifty macromolecular components which are themselves coded in the DNA.  Thus the code cannot be translated except by using certain products of its translation.”
  28. 28.  ”The biggest problem for evolution is how life got started.  Because you need DNA to make proteins, you need DNA to make RNA, and you need RNA to make proteins.  So it is worse than what came first, the chicken or the egg? Jeff Tomkins PhD Genetics
  29. 29.  “The true beginnings of life and the origin of the species is fundamentally a genetic question that has the only direct scientific answers to the question.  Darwin tried to answer 100 years before anyone knew that DNA was the substance of heredity.  According to Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson, Darwin knew in 1859 only a fraction i.e. about 15% of what we know today.  If Darwin were to examine the evidence today using modern science, his conclusions would be vastly different.” Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson
  30. 30.  “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.”  With this statement, Charles Darwin provided a criterion by which his theory of evolution could be falsified. -Charles Darwin, Origin of Species
  31. 31.  Irreducible complexity is a term used to describe a characteristic of certain complex systems whereby they need all of their individual component parts in place in order to function.  In other words, it is impossible to reduce the complexity of (or to simplify) an irreducibly complex system by removing any of its component parts and still maintain its functionality.  A simple example of irreducibly complexity is a mousetrap.
  32. 32.  The bacterial flagellum is a cellular outboard motor that bears the marks of irreducibly complex system.  It consists of up to 40 individual parts and will stop working if even one part is removed. It also need to compiled in exactly in correct order.  About 10 parts of the system can be found in the rest of the microscopic world (co-option). Source: http://www.arn.org/docs/mm/motor.htm.
  33. 33.  Irreducible complexity systems challenge Darwinian evolution because they require high level of complexity before any functional advantage is provided and thus cannot evolve in step-by-step manner.  Co-option advocates of how Irreducible IC systems evolved, so they do not explain the evolution of IC.  Rather, they typically cite mere sequence similarity between proteins (called homology) in an attempt to find possible sources for co-opting parts.  Such inadequate explanations ignore that reusage of similar parts could reflect common design rather than common decent.
  34. 34. Kenyon changed his view:  "It is my conviction that if any professional biologist will take adequate time to examine carefully the assumptions upon which the macro-evolution doctrine rests, and the observational and laboratory evidence that bears on the problem of origins, he/she will conclude that there are substantial reasons for doubting the truth of this doctrine.  Moreover, I believe that a scientifically sound creationist view of origins is not only possible, but it is to be preferred over the evolutionary one." Dean H. Kenyon professor of biology San Francisco State University
  35. 35.  Darwin's theory  The origin of life  Is life biochemically determined? The role of chance  Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien intervention  Conclusions
  36. 36.  How many letters need to be dropped on the table to randomly form two sentences written by William Shakespeare?  How many amino acids must be “dropped” into the sea in order for them to randomly form a protein?
  37. 37.  ”The probability of constructing a rather short functional protein at random becomes so small (1 chance in10¹²⁵) as to approach the universal probability bound of 1 chance in 10¹⁵⁰,  the point at which appeals to chance become absurd given the ’probabilistic resources’ of the entire universe.” - Stephen C. Mayer, Evidence for Design in Physics and Biology Stephen C. Mayer Geophysicist, professor
  38. 38. Probability of a Single Protein Forming by Chance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1_KEVaCyaA Biologist Douglas Axe: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ZiLsXO-dYo Dr. Ann Gauger Answers: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KN7NwKYUXOs  The formation of even the simplest protein by chance would take more time than the entire universe has existed.  Moreover, in the unlikely event that the protein were formed by chance, it would be immediately destroyed due to entropy.
  39. 39.  ”We must now admit to ourselves that the probability of life arising by chance by evolution is the same probability of throwing six in dice five million consecutive times.  ”Random and impersonal chance does not create complexity and design.” Sir Fred Hoyle Professor of astronomy and mathematics, University of Oxford
  40. 40. Ilya Prigogine Nobel laureate “The statistical probability that organized compounds and all more complete harmonic forms of reactions are typical of living organizations formed by chance is ZERO.” Prigogine, Ilya: From Being to Becoming Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences
  41. 41.  “What I think the DNA material has done is that it has shown, by the almost unbelievable complexity of the arrangement which are needed to produce (life),  that intelligence must have been involved in getting these extraordinarily diverse elements to work together.” Anthony Flew Professor
  42. 42. Gates, Bill: The Road Ahead, Penguin: London, Revised, 1996 p. 228
  43. 43.  Claiming that DNA programs itself is like claiming windows XP will eventually rewrite itself to become windows 10 given enough time.  DNA did not go from simple to complex.  DNA was already programmed and a program requires a programmer.  If you introduce mutations to computer program code, the computer crashes.  Why then does random mutation not crash biological creatures?
  44. 44.  Richard Dawkins: “Biology is a study of complicated things that have the appearance of having been designed with a purpose. Much of biology has become information technology.  Genes, a central component of life, are digital information. Genes are coded information, computer tape, digital code, computer program.  The majority of DNA is programs that send instructions to protein-coding genes.  An organism is a survival machine for self-replicating coded information.”  To the best of our knowledge, digital information is always a product of intelligence. Richard Dawkins Professor https://www.youtube.com / watch?v=prFZTMIKOi4
  45. 45.  ”Because information is required for all life processes, it can be stated unequivocally that information is an essential characteristic of all life.  All efforts to explain life processes in terms of physics and chemistry will always be unsuccessful.  This is the fundamental problem confronting present-day biology, which is based on evolution.  There is no known law of nature, and no known sequence of events, which can cause information to originate by itself in matter.” Dr. Werner Gitt Gitt, Werner: “In the beginning was information”
  46. 46.  Information is not bound to its medium. It is massless, intangible, immaterial and abstract construct of mind. The only place information come is mind.  Material world has no potential to create information.  One of the laws of information science is that information never originates by itself, never spontaneously comes about.  Any time somebody trace information back to its source, it always comes back to a mind.  Since there is a huge amount of information in DNA, there must be a mind behind it.  In DNA the information is stored in the form of chemical letters. It is possible to write the information content of DNA in paper and ink form and that is what human genome project is about.
  47. 47.  In his theory of evolution, Charles Darwin never sought to unravel the mystery of where biological information comes from.  For him, the origins of life remained shrouded in impenetrable obscurity.  While the digital code in DNA first came to light in the 1950s, it wasn’t until later that scientists began to sense the implications behind the exquisitely complex technical system for processing and storing information in the cell.  The cell does what any advanced computer operating system can do but with almost inconceivably greater suppleness and efficiency. Charles Darwin
  48. 48.  Darwin's theory  The origin of life  Is life biochemically determined?  The role of chance Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien intervention  Conclusions
  49. 49. 3,6 billion years  The Cambrian explosion or Cambrian radiation was an event approximately 541 million years ago in the Cambrian period when practically all major animal phyla started “suddenly” appearing in the fossil record.  It lasted for about 10 million years and resulted in the divergence of most modern metazoan phyla.
  50. 50. Time Magazine December 4, 1995
  51. 51. ”If numerous species belonging to the same genera or families, have really started into life all at once, the fact would be fatal to the theory of descent with slow modification through natural selection.” (The Origin of Species, p. 302) Charles Darwin
  52. 52.  ”The Cambrian Explosion constitutes a major episode in the history of life.  There is no evolutionary tree found in the fossils as theory claims. It is more like a lawn than a tree.  If evolution were true, one would expect the record to start with one type of animal life, then increase to two, and so on.  Yet fossil studies have shown that essentially all phyla were present at the start, each distinct from the others and each fully equipped to function and survive. John D. Morris
  53. 53.  The majority of the genetic inheritance of species was formed at the beginning of the Cambrian explosion 540-530 million years ago.  The Chinese research team found that since then, the genetic inheritance has steadily shrunk, meaning Darwin’s tree is actually upside down.
  54. 54.  Darwin's theory  The birth of life  Is life biochemically determined?  The role of chance  Cambrian explosion Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien intervention  Conclusions
  55. 55.  ”If Darwin’s theory were to hold true, there should be millions of fossils from organisms that have partially altered properties and organs. But instead there are none.”  The fossil record does not convincingly document a single transition from one species to another.” Steven M. Stanley Professor of palaeontology John Hopkins university
  56. 56.  “Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links?  Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain.  This is the most obvious and serious objection which can be argued against the theory.” Charles Darwin Origin of Species p. 413
  57. 57.  ”It is hard for us palaeontologists, steeped as we are in a tradition of Darwinian analysis, to admit that neo- Darwinian explanations for the Cambrian explosion have failed miserably.  New data acquired in recent years, instead of solving Darwin’s dilemma, have rather made it worse.” Mark McMenamin Geologist and palaeontologist -Dr. Mark McMenamin, Paleontologist at Mt. Holyoke College and author of “The Emergence of Animal”
  58. 58.  ”Extensive exploration and fossil discovery in following years (after Darwin) have not brought such in- between forms to light.  The vast majority of taxonomic orders and families which today live are also found as fossils, yet without fossil transitions.” Dr. John D. Morris
  59. 59.  It is difficult to imagine functional intermediates of species.  If a bat of bird evolved from a land animal, the transitional forms would have forelimbs that were neither good legs nor good wings.  So how would such things be selected?  The fragile long limbs of hypothetical halfway stages of bats and Pterosaurus would seem like hindrance than help.” Pterosaurus
  60. 60.  ”The fossil record features stasis is a dominant trend.  It does not speak of major changes.  Evolution or descent from common ancestor model demands that major changes visited every population.” Paulyn Cartwright Professor, Evolutionary biology
  61. 61.  It is a fact that any attempt to chance DNA is stopped and reversed by the DNA repair process.  Mutations (DNA replication errors) are the result of DNA that is replicated with damage (one out of ten million duplications) that passes on to the offspring.  Mutations are random, unpredictable errors that cause crippling diseases, loss of function and destruction of the host person or animal.  Mutations do not improve but destroy species.
  62. 62.  The term mutation originated before the advent of DNA sequencing and ... are more likely to produce severe changes in protein structure and function.  The mutation disrupts the structure of DNA, it does not improve it.  Extinction is well-documented in the fossil record, and while extinction is a necessary part of the evolutionary scenario, it is not evolution.  Extinction might better be considered as the opposite of evolution.
  63. 63.  The chromosome count within each species is fixed. Each species is locked into its chromosome count that cannot be changed. The chromosomes make crossing of the species an uncrossable barrier.  If an individual develops an extra chromosome or loses such due to a DNA copy defect, it cannot reproduce successfully.  Thus, a defective genetic heritage cannot be passed on to the next generation (and thus the species cannot in practice be transformed into another species).  The base differences between the human and chimpanzee genomes would require 10,000 A4 pages, each with 4,000 characters. Organism Chromosomes Banana fly 9 Frog 26 Cat 38 Pig 38 Ape 42 Rabbit 44 Human 46 Chimpanzee 48 Lam 54 Cow 60 Donkey 62 Horse 64 Dog 78 Chicken 78
  64. 64.  In 1921, Theophilus Painter published a study claiming erroneously that humans have 24 pairs of chromosomes, the same number as a chimpanzee.  Other scientists “confirmed” this until year in 1956 the truth was revealed that humans do have only 23 chromosomes.  There is no way to explain how chimpanzees, numbers 24 pairs of chromosomes, could have evolved into humans with 23 pairs of chromosomes.
  65. 65. Colin Patterson, Ph.D. Paleontologist, Senior Principle Scientific Officer in the Paleontology Department, British Museum of Natural History, London  ”No one has ever produced a species by the mechanisms of natural selection. No one has ever got even near it.”  “There is not one such fossil for which one could make a watertight argument. It does seem that the level of knowledge about evolution is remarkably shallow…”  “Most of us think that we are working in evolutionary research. But is its explanatory power any more than verbal?…  Evolution not only conveys no knowledge, but seems somehow to convey anti-knowledge, apparent knowledge which is actually harmful to systematics…  During the last few years, you've experienced a shift from evolution as knowledge to evolution as faith. I know that's true of me.”
  66. 66.  Darwin's theory  The origin of life  The role of chance  Genetics and irreducible complexity  Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils Gene manipulation and the latest research  Alien intervention  Conclusions
  67. 67. Lähde: https://www.collective-evolution.com/2018/06/04/new-genetic-study-seriously-challenges-darwins-theory-of-evolution/ A massive new genetic study by Mark Stoeckle from The Rockefeller University in New York and David Thaler at the University of Basel in Switzerland is opening the door for new theories about our origins and the mechanisms behind the evolution of species on our planet. Mark Stoeckle David Thaler
  68. 68.  In the conventional narrative of how evolution proceeds through survival-of-the-fittest and adaptation to new environments based on random genetic mutations.  The study’s most startling result, perhaps, is that nine out of 10 species on Earth today, including humans, came into being 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.  “This conclusion is very surprising, and I fought against it as hard as I could,” said David Thaler. Lähde: https://www.collective-evolution.com/2018/06/04/new-genetic-study-seriously-challenges-darwins-theory-of-evolution/
  69. 69.  All animals also have DNA in their mitochondria, which are the tiny structures inside each cell that convert energy from food into a form that cells can use. Mitochondria contain 37 genes, and one of them, known as COI, is used to do DNA barcoding.  Unlike the genes in nuclear DNA, which can differ greatly from species to species, all animals have the same set of mitochondrial DNA, providing a common basis for comparison.  “DNA barcode”–figured out a way to identify species by analyzing the COI gene. Lähde: https://www.collective-evolution.com/2018/06/04/new-genetic-study-seriously-challenges-darwins-theory-of-evolution/
  70. 70.  In analysing the barcodes across 100,000 species, the researchers found a tell-tale sign showing that almost all the animals emerged about the same time as humans.  What they saw was a lack of variation in so- called “neutral” mutations, which are the slight changes in DNA across generations that neither help nor hurt an individual’s chances of survival (such as colour of the eyes).  In other words, they were irrelevant in terms of the natural and sexual drivers of evolution.  These “neutral” mutations are to each other is like tree rings – they reveal the approximate age of a species. Lähde: https://www.collective-evolution.com/2018/06/04/new-genetic-study-seriously-challenges-darwins-theory-of-evolution/
  71. 71.  The extant population, no matter what its current size or similarity to fossils of any age, has expanded from mitochondrial uniformity.  Somewhere in the past, no farther back than 100 000- 200,000 years ago, most or all animal species ‘got started,’ with a mitochondrial clock set to 0.  These species ‘started with small founding populations and later expanded,’ and that extreme conditions — like the last ice age — can give rise to a subsequent expansion.  It almost resembles the Noah’s Ark scenario. Lähde: https://www.collective-evolution.com/2018/06/04/new-genetic-study-seriously-challenges-darwins-theory-of-evolution/
  72. 72.  Darwin's theory  The origin of life  The role of chance  Genetics and irreducible complexity  Cambrian explosion  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research Alien intervention  Conclusions
  73. 73.  But we would not be taking species from the previous world before the catastrophe, because their mitochondrial clocks would not be set to 0.  Rather, we have to see it as a new ‘seeding’ of species on the planet after a catastrophe wipes out most or all of the species that were there before.  And who would be the ones doing the seeding?  One or more advanced extraterrestrial races.  It looks that the evolution of the human race has been fostered in part by the genetic seeding of today’s human and animal kingdom by advanced extraterrestrial civilizations almost 200,000 years ago?  Now there is some new scientific evidence of this possibility. Lähde: https://www.collective-evolution.com/2018/06/04/new-genetic-study-seriously-challenges-darwins-theory-of-evolution/
  74. 74.  According to the Voyagers books, man has been “planted” on Earth on three different occasions after being destroyed as a result of wars in space.  The last planting took place about 75,000 years ago.  The information provided by the Voyagers books thus well supports the findings of the aforementioned scientists, as well as the fact that there have been humans on Earth before and that the new planting has taken place by space civilizations. Lähde: Deane, Ashyane: Voyagers II – Secrets of Amenti (2002)
  75. 75. The Arithmetical Origin of the Genetic Code Vladimir Shcherbak, Department of Mathematics, Kazakh National University https://link.springer.co m/chapter/10.1007%2F 978-1-4020-6340-4_7 Vladimir Shcherbak  An artificial element is identifiable in the genetic code.  It has mathematical factors that cannot be deduced from any natural starting point.  The genetic code “suggests” that it was developed billions of years ago outside the solar system.  It seems that an intellectual signal is embedded in our genetic code.
  76. 76. Lloyd Pye  “Certain methods of DNA timing show that numerous genes have recently been added to the human genome.  If researchers in the field speak openly about these issues, we would be marginalized and forced to live in a tent.  All research projects of this type will be rejected without any possibility of appeal.  What can we do? ” - A DNA researcher’s statement In a letter to Lloyd Pye
  77. 77. Steven Scherer, Director of mapping of the Human Genome Sequencing Center  There are 223 genes in the human genome that are a lateral addition (“jump”) of genetic material.  These are all related to higher psychological activity. No other species on Earth has these genes.  Where do these genes come from?  Human and chimpanzee genes differ genetically by less than one percent.  One percent of the 20,000 genes are 200, meaning 223 genes is almost the same number that separates us from chimpanzees.  “Such a 'leap' is not fit for interpreting current theory of evolution.”
  78. 78. Dr. William Brown, Molecular biologist, Hawaii University  “DNA molecules in the human genome have been fused together. This does not happen in nature.  There are many signs of manipulation in our genetic coding, indicating that advanced technology has had to be used to reshape the human genome.  The evidence points to extraterrestrial intervention.”
  79. 79.  Telomeres are as a rule at the end of the DNA.  If a telomere exists in the middle of a chromosome, we are able to see that fusion has been performed because the telomere is supposed to be only at the end of the chromosome.  According to the US National Academy of Science it can be included that human chromosome two is the relic of an ancient DNA fusion of two ancestral ape chromosomes. Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4m-GqZjKtJk
  80. 80.  The source of the information presented here is from the extraterrestrial EBE called Airl, who was the only person who survived from the flying saucer crash in Roswell. Airl is said to have become acquainted with the scientific level of mankind through the books given to him.  According to Airl, the theory on evolution assumes that an inanimate body or chemical decoction can suddenly become alive by chance or by itself, or that an electrical discharge hitting a chemical sludge puddle can magically give birth to a living individual entity.  Airl relays that “the claim is simply not true. Scientists on Earth seem to have no idea how, where, when or who brought life to this planet.  This is also the reason for the failure of Western medicine of its complete ignorance and the consideration and denial that the life-giving spirit is needed to bring inanimate bodies or cellular tissues to life.”
  81. 81.  According to Airl “evolution does not happen by accident. It requires a lot of genetic technology.  The notion that human-like biological organisms have evolved on their own from earlier ape-like life forms is incorrect.  Although breeding of farm animals and dogs, for example, is possible, humanity will never find physical evidence that the human biological organism evolved through natural selection from previous ape life forms on this planet.  It is simply a hypnotic lie designed to prevent humanity from remembering its true origins.  In fact, human bodies have existed for billions of years in various forms throughout the universe.”
  82. 82.  Airl himself relates that he has once worked as an engineer in a biological laboratory tasked with preparing new life forms for, among other things, to uninhabited planets.  According to Airl, “the majority of genetic material is common to all species. For this reason, most of the work was based on the manipulation of genetic blanks that were able to produce life forms suitable for each planet type.  When a new life form is introduced, its biological interaction with other original life forms on that planet is monitored and possible problems are solved and corrected.  In some cases, changes are also made to the planet’s habitat. This does not happen often because shaping the planet is much more complex than making changes to an individual life entity.” The photo is said to present EBE (Extra- Terrestrial Biological Entity) called Airl, who survived from the Roswell accident.
  83. 83.  After Airl moved to another mission a long time ago, one of his former colleagues said the laboratory in question has also supplied life forms to the planet Earth.  “Life forms had to be supplemented because the war in this part of the Milky Way had destroyed most of the species on the planets of the solar system about 70 million years ago.  Transforming the Earth into an ecologically interactive habitat was an enormous project and required a great deal of professionalism.  The project involved experts from almost every biotechnology laboratory in the galaxy to assist with the project.”
  84. 84. Lähde: Hall, Brian, Evolution Principles and Processes The extinction of dinosaurs on Earth took place approximately 65-70 million years ago, when, according to Airl, most of the species on the planets of the solar system were also destroyed in a war.
  85. 85.  Airl imparts that “Earth scientists still believe that the theory of evolution explains the existence of all life forms on Earth.  The theory is simply put not true.  The reality is that the aforementioned laboratories in the galaxy have created all life forms on Earth and other planets in this universe as well.  How could millions of completely different non-related life forms living on Earth and in the Seas be explained?  The theory of evolution does not take into account the phenomenon of biodiversity.  Evolution through natural selection is a science fiction. Species do not accidentally or evolve into another species without genetic manipulation, although human textbooks suggest so.”
  86. 86.  Darwin's theory  The birth of life  Is life biochemically determined?  Synthetic chemistry and evolution  The role of chance  Genetics and irreducible complexity  Cambrian explosion  Origin of information  Paleontology and transitional fossils  Gene manipulation and the latest research Conclusions
  87. 87.  “Our universe is an extraordinary place that appears to be fantastically well designed for our own existence.  This specialness is not something that we can attribute to lucky accidents, which is far too unlikely.” Leonard Susskind Cosmologist Father of string theory
  88. 88.  ”It would be very difficult to explain why the universe should have begun in just this way,  except as the act of God who intended to create being like us.” Stephen Hawking
  89. 89.  ”The real issue is, do the laws of physics and chemistry in our universe permit life to come from non-life?  All of our scientific observations are indicating that the answer is NO.” Jake Hebert Dr. of Physics University of Texas at Dallas Jake Hebert: A Universe from Nothing? https://www.icr.org/article/universe-from-nothing/
  90. 90. “In conclusion, evolution is not observable, repeatable, or refutable, and thus does not qualify as either a scientific fact or theory.” Dr. David N. Menton PhD in Biology Brown UniversityIs Evolution a Theory, a Fact, or a Law?—or None of the Above? https://answersingenesis.org/theory-of-evolution/evolution-theory-fact-or-law/
  91. 91.  “Darwinism has become our culture's official creation myth, protected by a ‘priesthood’ as dogmatic as any religious curia.” Nancy Pearcey HBU Apologetics Professor Source: Nancy Pearcey, "Creation Mythology,“ p. 23
  92. 92.  ”Stephen Meyer’s thoughtful and meticulous book ’Darwin’s Doubt’ convinced me that Darwin has failed.”  “The ‘Deniable Darwin and Other Essays’ by David Berlinski is also essential.” Claremont Review of Books https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=noj4phMT9OE David Gelernter Professor of computer science at Yale University
  93. 93. New Scientist, January 24-30, 2009
  94. 94.  One of the world’s most influential philosophical atheist of the 20th Century, Anthony Flew concluded 2004 that some sort of intelligence or first cause must have created the universe.  After decades of insisting belief is a mistake, he announced that he accepted the existence of a God.  “My discovery of the Divine has been a pilgrimage of reason and not faith.”
  95. 95. Physicist Sir James Jeans  ”The stream of knowledge is heading towards a non-mechanical reality; the universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a machine.  Mind no longer appears to be an accidental intruder into the realm of matter…we ought rather hail it as the creator and governor of the realm of matter.  Give up and accept this inevitable fact, the universe is intangible, mental and spiritual. ”
  96. 96. "All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind. This mind is the matrix of all matter.“ - Max Planck
  97. 97. Denying the truth does not change the facts A Lie runs until it is overtaken by the truth
  98. 98. Thank you!
  99. 99.  Berlinski, David: Problems with the theory of Evolution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z6ElA0--JNg  Deane, Ashyane: Voyagers I - The Sleeping Abductees (2011)  Deane, Ashyane: Voyagers II – Secrets of Amenti (2002)  Callinicos, Alex: DARWIN, MATERIALISM AND EVOLUTION - A review of D C Dennett, Darwin's Dangerous Idea, (London, 1995)  Darwin, Charles: Origin of Species” (1859).  Easterbrook, Greg: Wired, February 2007, 108.  Gates, Bill: The Road Ahead, Penguin: London, Revised, 1996 p. 228  Gelernter, David: Interview, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=noj4phMT9OE  Gitt, Werner: In the beginning was information  Jeanson, Nathaniel: Cell Biologist: Let's Replace Darwin by Studying DNA and Genetics, https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/us/2017/october/cell -biologist-lets-replace-darwin-by-studying-dna-and- genetics  Kenyon, Dan - Steinman, Gary: Biochemical Predestination  Kenyon, Dan: in Darwin’s Demise (White, Joe – Comninellis, Nicholas, 127  Lloyd Pye: Where did we Come from, Mysterious Alien Origins of Mankind  Mayer, Stephen C.: Evidence for Design in Physics and Biology  Meyer, Stephen: Darwin’s Doubt  Morris, John: The Real Nature of the Fossil Record  Oparin, Alexander: The Origin of life  Pearcey, Nancy: "Creation Mythology,“ 23  Prigogine, Ilya: From Being to Becoming Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences  Robinson Peter: Mathematical Challenges of Darwin’s Theory of Evolution, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=noj4phMT9OE  Sagan, Carl: "Life" in Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia (1974 ed.), 893-894.  Shcherbak, Vladimir: The Arithmetical Origin of the Genetic Code  Spencer R. Lawrence: Roswellin avaruusolennon haastattelu  Tomkins, Jeff: Article https://www.icr.org/article/rna-world-paper- retracted  Tour, James: The Origin of Life Has Not Been Explained – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r4sP1E1Jd_Y  Biologist explains scientific challenges to Darwinian evolution: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2grcHPo8oDQ  Disclaimer: All material and information in this presentation including quotes, photos, paintings are presented for non- commercial and educational purposes only.  More info: www.myquantumtransformation.com

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