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Curriculum & learning

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Curriculum & learning

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Curriculum & learning

  1. 1. Curriculum & learning Competence based or traditional subject/program based
  2. 2. Theory and practice ti
  3. 3. Competence-based g learning No Certificate!!!!
  4. 4. Competence-based g learning The way we do it normally: Psychology 7 (2) Pedagogy 7 (2) Mathematics 7 (2) Language 7 (2) Congratulations!!! Certifictate!
  5. 5. Competence based learning Competence based teaching Competence b C t based curriculum d i l
  6. 6. What does ‘learning’ mean anyway? Learning is: increasing knowledge Learning is: increasing skills Learning is: building attitudes Learning is: developing personal concepts Learning is: developing professional competence Learning is: experiencing life (Freinet, (Freinet Iederwijs)
  7. 7. Types of learning Self directed learning Partly teacher and learner directed learning g Program or teacher directed learning
  8. 8. Learning What is the right sequence? What’s your choice? And why? What s And why should we learn?
  9. 9. Motivation on learning Intrinsic: the need/drive to learn expected competence i t interestt meaningfull within own experience expected possibility l d ibili later Not enough generated in traditional education
  10. 10. Motivation on learning Extrinsic: expected/promised reward / mark/diplom learning by order expected possibility later Not enough generated in traditional education
  11. 11. Learning & teaching Behaviouristic approach Cognitive psychology Constructionist Vygotsky, Piaget
  12. 12. Jean Piaget Concrete operations stage (7-12 years)
  13. 13. Equalty of men Everybody has the right to have the same opportunities. t iti Everybody must be treated in the same way Everybody h t pass th same t t E b d has to the tests
  14. 14. The forest school story
  15. 15. They started a new school for all children They formed the board
  16. 16. The headmaster
  17. 17. The children Cyrus the duck Jasmin th squirrel J i the i l Lena the eagle Hamid the hare Madonna the eel
  18. 18. The final test At the end of the 8 years at the Forest School they had to S h l th h d t pass th fi l the final examination (and they are all treated the same): They had to climb the top of the big oak tree within an hour.
  19. 19. The examiners
  20. 20. The results Only th O l the squirrel and th eel passed th i l d the l d the test The eagle was disqualified The duck d the hare did f il Th d k and th h fail
  21. 21. Adaptive Ad ti education Child trust
  22. 22. And when we look at the children We see they’re all different In the way they look In h I the way they think h hi k In the way they act In the way they feel In the way they are!
  23. 23. Difference in intelligence Multiple intelligence (H. Gardner) verbal / linguïstic logisch / mathematic visual / spacial musical / ritmic physical I kinesthetic interpersonal intrapersonal naturalistic existential
  24. 24. Learning styles (Vermunt) Reproductive: to achieve the result Application focussed: to use Significance focussed: to understand Unfocussed: no goal
  25. 25. Differences in learning Activist (experience) Kolb (learning cycle) ( g y ) Pragmatist Reflector (active ( (critical experimentation) reflection) Theorizer (abstract thinking) thi ki )
  26. 26. Differences in learning Visual learners: learn through seeing... seeing *need to see the teacher's body language and f i l expression facial i *prefer sitting at the front of the classroom *they may think in pictures They learn best from visual displays including: diagrams, illustrated text books, overhead transparencies, videos, flipcharts and hand-outs. During a lecture or classroom discussion, visual learners often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the information.
  27. 27. Differences in learning Tactile/Kinesthetic learners: learn through moving, doing and touching... Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through *hands-on approach, *active exploring, They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration.
  28. 28. Differences in learning Tactile/Kinesthetic learners: learn through moving, doing and touching... Tactile/Kinesthetic persons learn best through *hands-on approach, *active exploring, They may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration.
  29. 29. FLOW
  30. 30. So ?????? THE LEARNER IN THE CENTER? and?/or? THE PROGRAM IN THE CENTER?
  31. 31. Competence-based g learning What does ‘competence’ mean: p Knowledge (cognitive head) (cognitive-head) Skills (effective-hands) Values (affective-heart)
  32. 32. Competence-based g learning VALUES SKILLS KNOWLEDGE Cyclic development
  33. 33. Competence-based learning A matter of what you already have in your backpack And what you need to put to in To become a ‘professional’ With professional competence
  34. 34. Curriculum models Learner directed Various Self directed modules within Demand driven professional demands Fragmentation Integration Different Integrated subjects modules Program Program based based Teacher directed
  35. 35. Competence building is traditionally: Milles pyramidmodel DOES ACTING ofessional authenticity SHOWS HOW KNOWS HOW COGNITION KNOWS Pro competentiemodel: Milles GE. The assessment of clinical skills/compentency/performance. Academic Medicine (supplement) 1990; 65: S63-S7.
  36. 36. Competence building is Training-school model Life long learning show show how show know how k h how know skills knowledge how
  37. 37. Tests/assessments Formative tests Portfolio Performance assessments Self assessment Peer assessment Skills-labs And (also, but not too much…….) a summative test
  38. 38. Competence-based learning Active learning: focussed on practice; Self directed learning; Reflection as engine for development; Building further on ’knowledge and skills’ you’re already have; According to what you want; Performance assessment as measurement; Portfolio as a proof Using high standards; Development to positive self image. Development to professional quality.
  39. 39. Competence-based g learning What about: The teacher’s role?
  40. 40. Competence-based g learning In primary schools Book: The learner in the centre! Video: TOM
  41. 41. Competence based learning in Competence-based teacher trainings colleges and other education in the Netherlands What do you think is the best curriculum for teacher training colleges?
  42. 42. And You……. Who are you? As a human being…………? As a professional teacher teacher………..? ? In what kind of school…………?
  43. 43. And remember: Most learning takes place outside controlled classroom environment.. environment In real life situations!
  44. 44. But also a lot in schools! Everywhere in Europe

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