Theory of behaviorism


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Theory of behaviorism

  1. 1. Theory of Behaviorism BY: HEIDI K
  2. 2. Key contributors to the theory  Ivan Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate when he rang a bell, a process later termed classic conditioning.  B. F. Skinner experimented with pigeons and as they behaved in a desired manner he rewarded them, a process later termed operant conditioning.  Albert Bandura believes that through observation of others and imitation people acquire behaviors, a theory called observational modelling.
  3. 3. What does behaviorism state?  Behaviorism operates on the principle of "stimulus-response".  Classic conditioning, which was explored by Pavlov is the process of reflex learning. An unconditioned stimulus (food) was offered to a dog with a conditioned stimulus (ringing of a bell) in such a way that salivation was eventually produced on the presentation of the conditioned stimulus alone. This learning is by association.  Operant conditioning, investigated by Skinner is when behavior is being shaped by positive reinforcement.
  4. 4. What is operational modelling?  Operational modelling is when you watch something and then mimick the behavior.  Albert Bandura was a behaviorist who focused on the factors that motivated and contributed to a persons behavior.
  5. 5. Role of the Behaviorist Instructor:  Provide stimulus material that prompts the correct response  Teacher facilitates and motivates student learning  Reinforcement of positive outcome through good grades or encouraging remarks and negative outcome through bad grades and some form of punishment  With technology a teacher may allow the use of computer games as positive reinforcement
  6. 6. Students in a Behaviorist's Classroom  Hard work to receive rewards, good grades, or positive remarks  Repetitive learning and establishing a routine  Solid knowledge of teacher expectation  Utilizing software programs that provide positive feedback for correct responses
  7. 7. Behaviorism in my classroom There are forms of behaviorism I would apply in my classroom. As an instructor I believe positive reinforcement is one of the best ways to achieve motivation from students. As a math teacher, it's essential to provide an environment where students will observe and imitate the correct way of solving problems. In opposition, I wouldn't use this theory solely as I would prefer a more indepth learning experience for my students aside from learning through repetition.
  8. 8. Credits  (Image)  (Image)  (Image)  (Image)  