Heeals Campaign Report 2012


Published on

Heeals conducted a baseline door to door campaign on Sanitation and Safe Drinking Water. The primary purpose of the door to door campaign was to gather and make available information from target populations to be used in project design and implementation, to help define strategies, policies and appropriate health messages for the targeted communities in the area .To help designing workshop, training modules and working plan for the sanitation and water awareness team in the region.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Heeals Campaign Report 2012

  1. 1. An approach to create Awareness for improving Water and sanitation facilities Policies, processes approach and Capacities to serve communityDOOR TO DOORAWARENESS CAMPAIGN APPROACHONSAFE DRINKING WATER & SANITATIONAN APPROACH THAT WORKSFOR C OMMUNITYGhaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India31st March & 1st April 2012
  2. 2. At the heart of this research campaign lies an approach to shift thebehavior of people in creating clean sanitation community and ways of obtaining safe drinking water Executive Summary People living in urban slums falling to diseases by problems arising from all the quarters of life, whether it is unhygienic food infested with flies and insects or unsafe drinking water draining out days & night from the clock of their life. One such place lying in the by lanes of upscale commercial area Kaushambi, Ghaziabad known as Bhowapur Village remain unheard for many years. Map Not To Scale Most of the people living here are migrated from different parts of the country and lives as tenant’s. Map description showing the targeted They became sandwiched between the walls of 6 by district Ghaziabad of Uttar Pradesh, India 8 ft dimension with poor sanitation and water. About 95 % of tenant living in the so called HEEALS working in health, environment and “Chawls” are drinking salty water directly from education for the downtrodden, under privileged, source without boiling or passing it through any marginalized and unaware section of people in filtration process, making the lives of children and society with motto of “It’s Our Fundamental Right to pregnant women prone to water borne diseases. Have Safe Drinking Water & Sanitation”, conducted With open drains filled with dirt & filth and no place a Door to Door Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for the drains to go, over flowing drain sometimes Awareness Campaign and Survey in Bhowapur comes into the houses of people .During rainy Village and comes out with hearth wrenching facts. season situation becomes bad to worse, water enter into the rooms and houses, and mix it with drinking water source and place where they wash their utensils, letting the bacteria and viruses entering into their food chain. Everywhere there is a lack of proper drainage system. . Heeals Campaign Report 1
  3. 3. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONObjectives of the CampaignWe started a campaign on Safe Drinking Water &Sanitation. We want to run our campaign at thesame level as that of polio campaign, if we caneradicate polio from our country, then we can alsohelp people in getting safe drinking water andsanitation facilities. And help in keeping check onwater born disease.Heeals conducted a baseline door to door campaignon Sanitation and Safe Drinking Water. The primarypurpose of the door to door campaign was to gatherand make available information from targetpopulations to be used in project design andimplementation, to help define strategies, policiesand appropriate health messages for the targetedcommunities in the area .To help designingworkshop, training modules and working plan forthe sanitation and water awareness team in theregion.An increase in the knowledge and change inpractices of drinking water, household practices ofwater filtration , sanitation practices in home andcommunity are anticipated by the end of the projectas result of campaign interventions. The secondpurpose of the activity “Door to door campaign” isto take out the maximum information from thecommunity to know about the different practicesprevalent in the community, to know about theliving conditions, health condition, sanitation andwater condition of the targeted area. Poor & Unhygienic Condition of ToiletsHeeals Campaign Report 2
  4. 4. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONCampaign SummaryDoor to Door Sanitation campaign was conducted st ston 31 and 1 of April 2012 on the basis of the th thsurvey conducted by the Heeals team on 24 & 25March 2012.Heeals team came out with the eye opening figureswhich show us that most of them were living inunhygienic conditions.Many people were unaware about hygienepractices, for example water filtration processes,community hygiene and home cleanliness etc.Heeals noted down these problems and planned atargeted campaign on the problems faced by thefamilies and individuals of the area. The campaignwas assigned and planned in a manner to providethe basic awareness to the affected community. Adoor to door campaign was conducted to reach eachfamily in the targeted areas. Door to door wasplanned to provide the awareness and informationto each family personally by the Heeals Team. Theinformation is provided verbally and throughpictorial diagrams regarding the community andhome cleanliness, water cleaning processes,hygienic sanitation practices and proper ways ofhand washing. In Images: Heeals volunteers creating awareness among the people about safe drinking water and clean sanitation conditions.Heeals Campaign Report 3
  5. 5. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONWhat Has been the ApproachSo Far? Campaign ApproachTraditionally, sanitation programs in the region Our task is to spread the awareness among rural andhave focused on providing toilets, usually on a urban slums areas which are near to NCR Regionsubsidized basis, rather than on motivating their then go to interior parts of the country. We createusage. awareness among them by telling them how they can purify water by boiling, filter, putting cloth onEvidence now overwhelmingly points out the fact tap etc. And also encourage them to make toilets inthat providing subsidized toilets does not necessarily their home. We want to stop open defecation andlead to enhanced usage or ensure behavior change also encourage them to make “community toilets”.for all the households or the entire community. Heeals team conducted a two day campaign in theThe focus mostly remains on construction of Bhowapur Village and Kaushambi slums area startedtoilets in rural areas either directly by the on 31st and finished on 1st April 2012. Heeals teamgovernment or by providing a high level of subsidy divided into six group’s .Each group consisting oneto beneficiaries. In India, till recently, the national male and one female and one supervisor togovernment provided financial assistance to supervise them. Each group allotted thirty familiesidentified poor (below poverty line) families for to target; all six groups were divided into sixconstructing toilets of a specified design. In different locations of the target area.addition to this assistance, many state andprovincial governments across the South Asia We have applied push approach in the campaignregion had introduced their own schemes of where instead of calling people in to our knowledgeproviding subsidy, often covering an even wider space, we have pushed that knowledge space in tosegment of the population. For example, in there homes through our door to door approach.Bangladesh, early initiatives in sanitation focused on Through this method we were able to interact withthe distribution of fully-subsidized sanitation each family individually, so that we can understandhardware. each of their problems and issues to the core.Programs and projects always restrained there selffrom creating awareness regarding the basic issuesof sanitation and clean water. Programs didn’t try topush the things inside of the home; instead they aretrying a more pull strategy.They are creating the arena but not telling thecommunity how to fight in that arena, we need toemphasize on these aspects that people still areunaware of many things which they can easily use tomake their life easier.Heeals Campaign Report 4
  6. 6. Bad sanitation practices and un safe drinking water creating breeding grounds for diseases Key Issues Bad sanitation practices and Un safe Can Health Outcomes be Achieved if drinking water creating breeding grounds Only Some Households Use Toilets? for disease Heeals Safe water & Sanitation survey led us to It has been observed that even where higher access and know that there are many problems arising in the usage of sanitation facilities by several households has area which remains unaddressed for many years and been reported, improved public health outcomes have not nobody has bothered to address them to help the necessarily been achieved. This is because even if some needy in the area. people still continue to practice open defecation, the surroundings are not free from fecal contamination. It has been find out after the “Heeals Survey Report 2012” that around 84 % families in the area do not Public health outcomes can be achieved only when the know about any government scheme running in the entire community adopts improved sanitation behavior, area on safe drinking water & sanitation. the area is 100 percent open defecation-free, and excreta is safely and hygienically confined. This is possible only when the collective is made aware of the negative effects of poor sanitation, sensitized about the fecal-oral 9% 7% transmission route, understands the link between sanitation and health, abandons the traditional practice of Yes open defecation forever, and every member of the No community has access to, and uses a, sanitary toilet 84% ensuring safe disposal of fecal matter. do not know Source : Heeals Survey Report 2012 DOOR TO DOOR Only 7 % families know that there is a scheme AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON running in the area regarding on safe drinking water SANITATION AND SAFE WATER and sanitation or has been there in the past. This shows the lack of awareness among families in the area regarding the schemes, it is not that people does not wants to know about the schemes it’s just that good efforts are not made to reach the communities. People using same water storage for Washing, Drinking and Bathing purpose. Heeals Campaign Report 5
  7. 7. “Sanitation is more important than independence.” DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER– Mahatma Gandhi AND SANITATION About 60 % people use shared toilets and still 27 % of the population goes outside for defecation, which clearly shows a big question mark on the cleanliness Biggest Dehumanizing Activity of the toilet. The lack of awareness regarding the “We have to end the biggest Dehumanizing Activity cleanliness of toilet and its adjoining area leads to called Manual Scavenging” open defecation and diseases. The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Improper garbage disposal, throwing away the Construction of Dry Latrine Prohibition Act in 1993 household garbage on roads & streets, which leads was indeed to give some relief from this activity, but to heap of garbage in the area. Use of plastics bags still nothing has done to eradicate this practice. Tens making the condition worse, they choked up the of thousands of people are engaged in Manual drains and sewage system, which leads to do Scavenging. manual scavenging. “Manual Scavenging is the biggest dehumanizing activity. Poor sanitation There were 118474 Manual Scavengers or their facilities lead to this practice, by improving the dependents which are identified in under the self sanitation facilities we can eradicate this practice as employment scheme for rehabilitation launched in even machines can’t clean the choked pipe lines” 2007. When we asked the public on the cleanliness One of the difficulties in eliminating this activity is lack condition of the village. of Proper Sanitation Facilities in Rural India and urban slums. There are poor Sanitation Facilities in these places. People are still using dry latrines which encourage Manual Scavenging. We have to stop the dry latrines practices and help them in making Proper 7% Sanitation Facilities. Bad 23% There are no sewerage facilities in rural areas, Urban Clean in some Slums are also not touched by proper sewerage 70% places facilities .Still workers manually clean the septic tanks, Good “these septic tanks are becoming death tanks for the workers”. It is full of many poisonous and dangerous gases, many people are died by inhaling poisonous Source : Heeals Survey Report 2012 gases and many of them going to die if we would not stop this Dehumanizing Practices. Many of them are the sole bread winners of their families .These dependents were force by social and About 70 % people told us that there area is in economic conditions to come into these practices to extremely bad condition and only 23 % see feed their families. Most of the Manual Scavengers cleanliness in same places with 7 % of the surveyed belongs to SC & ST, last year MHA (Ministry Of Home population does not find anything bad about Affairs) told to all states that engaging or employing a cleanliness” member in SC or ST in manual scavenging fall within the ambit of SC & ST prevention of Atrocities Act, but there is no record of any one being convicted under this Act. Source: figures taken http://m.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/article3371382. Heeals Campaign Report 6
  8. 8. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONOpen Defecation Pictorial description has been used to createIn addition to using toilets, people and maximum impact in the mindset of people as theyfamilies still defecate in the open. can see the pictures and relate with them very easily.Recent studies of statewide sector assessments in According to the “Heeals Survey Report 2012” it hasIndia show that most people continue to defecate in been found out that in urban slum areas likethe open not due to a lack of access to toilets, but Kaushambi and Bhowapur 50 % people go out toprimarily because they see no reason to change defecate and biggest reason they gave for this is thetheir behavior and does not aware about any unhygienic condition of the toilets and the badassociated health risks . condition in which toilets are running. These factors encourage people to go out and defecate.It has been observed that even where higher accessand usage of sanitation facilities by severalhouseholds has been reported, improved publichealth outcomes has not necessarily been achieved.This is because even if some people still continue topractice open defecation, the surroundings are notfree from fecal contamination.One of the biggest reason people given for defecatein the open in spite of having toilets in their homes,is the lack of awareness in keeping their toilets andthe nearby premises clean and free from filth andgarbage. Families and households know the ways tokeep it clean but often ignored to clean the toiletsand nearby areas, which in the end leads to rise ofdiseases and health issues. A hard hitting, to thecore campaign, is required to change the behaviorand raise the awareness level of the families andpeople. Heeals team has uses IEC materials such asCommunity cleanliness poster, house cleanlinessand hand wash poster; through the pictorialdescription, we have shown them how they cankeep their toilets, surroundings and home clean andsafe from diseases and health problems.Heeals Campaign Report 7
  9. 9. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONGarbage Disposal & SanitationFrom our campaign We found out that there is lack An effective communication need to reach eachof garbage disposal practices , absolute improper family and community, so that they can understandwaste management practice is prevailed , we found ill effects of the improper disposal of garbage,that e -waste, clinical waste ,biological waste polythene bags, effective use of dustbins and,household waste etc are disposed on the same optimal use of non-biodegradable products andplace , cows and other cattle are eating these discarded items. This can only be achieved if a heartgarbage which effects them with poisonous hitting communication plan is implemented, whichsubstances. can change not only behavior of the community andRag pickers are very prone to deadly diseases as families but also the mindset in which they deal inthey deal with poisonous chemical substances due such things.to improper sorting and disposing of garbage.There is an extreme need to make people aware Does Subsidized Construction ofabout the ill effect of using polythene bags. Use ofpolythene bags not only affects the environment Toilets Lead to Usage?(due to its non biodegradable properties) but alsoaffects the health of people who carry food, While investment in toilet construction through thevegetables, baby products and other consumable provision of generous subsidies for hardware toitems in the colored polythene bags. These households has, to some extent, increased thechemical mixes with food items enter into the body reported coverage of sanitation in the region, subsidy-affecting the health with major diseases and health driven programs do not generate motivation for useproblems. of the facility. Indeed, subsidized toilets are often not used and lie abandoned, or are being put to alternative uses. Recent studies of statewide sector assessments in India show that most people continue to defecate in the open not due to a lack of access to toilets but primarily because they see no reason to change their behavior and does not aware about any associated health risks .Heeals Campaign Report 8
  10. 10. “The shortage of fresh water is the major ecological problem DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGNof this moment”. ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION-Mikhail Gorbachev General Cleanliness As came out in the Heeals Survey Report 2012 , Half of the surveyed population does not around 53 % people are not using soap to wash their know the right way to wash their hands hands, where as 72 % people has told us that they do not use soap before and after food to clean their General cleanliness is one of the biggest weapon hands , they wash only with plain water. It shows us that families are unaware in benefits of cleanliness. human being has since eternity to protect himself from the evil side effects of diseases, health problems etc. During our campaign we have greatly emphasized on the big benefits and good effects of hygiene and cleanliness. Heeals carried the pictorial posters depicting the right way of hand washing, where 53% With Soap team members has shown them as how they can 26% properly carry out the process of hand washing, With Water after this we have provided them with hand wash poster for their future use . 21% Do not clean at The good thing we came to know about the familes all in the Bhowapur and Kaushambi area , that they were very particular about there bathing and washing clothes and always used to take strict measures to follow those measure. Source: Heeals Survey Report 2012 We have created awareness regarding the same to showcase them why it is important to wash hands with soap, not only before the meal but also after the meal. Also told them why it is important to wash their hands each time they urinate and defecate .We have used pictorial diagrams such as F diagram ,which shows how bacteria and viruses can enter into food chain & body and how they can gave rise to deadly diseases such as typhoid, cholera etc. This can even take the lives of infants and children. Heeals Campaign Report 9
  11. 11. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONIn addition to highlight the issue of sanitation amongevery individual we have distributed the cleanlinessposters to everyone, we also interacted with theonlookers and passerby. We have pasted the postersin and around the homes of the labours and slumareas. The community cleanliness posters depictedthe pictorial description of various ways andimportance of keeping the vicinity clean and free ofgarbage and dirt. IEC materials used for effective communication outreachHeeals Campaign Report 10
  12. 12. “It’s Our Right to Have Safe Drinking Water” Source: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/environ.shtmlDrinking Water MDG Goal 7(c)We all know that water is life,still due to Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population withoutlack of knowledge and wakefulness. sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitationPeople are not passing the drinking waterthrough any filteration process ,making The world is on track to meet the drinking water target,them fall to water brone diseases . though much remains to be done in some regions Accelerated and targeted efforts are needed to bring drinking water to all rural households,It is very unsafe if water is drink directly withoutpassing it through any filtration process . Safe water supply remains a challenge in many parts of theWe had asked people about which water filteration worldprocess they use. With half the population of developing regions withoutAbout 67% of surveyed population drink water sanitation, the 2015 target appears to be out of reachdirectly from the source, wheather its municipalitytap , water tanker,boring water or any other water Disparities in urban and rural sanitation coverage remainstorage body . daunting .Improvements in sanitation are bypassing the poorAs from the campaign we came to know that people Source (http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/environ.shtml)were not aware from any form of water purificationprocess . The issue of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene hasAs it is one the main agenda of our campaign ,we traditionally been associated and discussed along the globalhave created awareness about the safe drinking North – South axis. Whereas lack of improved sources forwater , how we can purifiy it and make it safe for water and sanitation are still an everyday reality in many ofdrinking . the developing and least developed countries in the world. The lack of improved and sustainable access to water andPeople use the same water storage for different sanitation is also a gender equality issue. One of the regionspurposes like drinking water ,bathing ,toilet andcooking etc , which cause the germs to enter human facing the greatest challenges is in Rural and Urban slums.body, to make it worse , residents use plastic The burden of water provision falls most heavily on girls andcontainers , a very less percentage of people use women. They go too far flung place to collect the water forearthen or stainless steel pots to store water. daily purpose .During Natures calls they have to go in remoteWe aware the families about the various ways to areas for relief ,this may raise the question of insecurity forkeep their drinking water storage utensils clean ,so them. Due to lack of proper sanitation in schools, many girlsthat they can store there water for longer period, it would also miss their classes when menstruating. Children areis sad to know that due to lack of knowlegde people also particularly vulnerable to poor quality of water,do not clean their drinkng water strorage utensils sanitation and hygiene.for many days .We strongly recommend that lack of knowlegde andawareness regarding safe drinking water playing atainted game here which ultimately leads to manyhazardous diseases among the people especially thechildren.Heeals Campaign Report 11
  13. 13. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONEducEducation and Sanitation We have asked them a simple question onEducation and Sanitation are starkly sanitation “Does your children education isrelated to each other affected by these issues, like unsafe drinkingThere is a very close relationship between Education water and unhygienic sanitation facilities?”and Sanitation . Sanitation and Hygeine practicecan not be achieve without proper education andknowledge , Children education starkly affected byimproper sanitation . 90%According to our sureveyed report 90 % people havesaid , there children education is affecting byimproper sanitation facilities and unsafe drinkingwater as they suffer from health related problemsdiseases and family problems which results in 10%affecting there attendance in school and sometimesforce them to drop out.No toliets ,improper toilet facilities and poor hygeinconditions in girls schools, force them to go outside Yes Nofor nature‘s call .Which may increase the the risk ofeve teasing and sex-exploitation.This may results in ending there education carreer. If yes: - Reason (a) poor facilities of toilets for girls and less availability of safe drinking water (a)40% (b)60% (b) he/she is not able to attend the school on regular basis ,because they remain sick/fatigue most of the time . Source : Heeals Survey Report 2012Heeals Campaign Report 12
  14. 14. DOOR TO DOOR AWARENESS CAMPAIGN ON SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATIONHealth ConditionHealth of the families in Bhowapur andKaushambi area majorly affecting due tounsafe water and unhygienic sanitationcondition of the area.As we have mentioned in the above statementspeople are not using any water filtration methodsbecause of which they are falling ill due to waterborne disease every now and then. During the SafeDrinking Water and Sanitation Awareness Campaign,Sunita a pregnant women mother of two girls livingin pathetic conditions in the area told “ Nobody hasever came here to create awareness regardingsanitation and water , all the families living in thechawls are drinking water directly from source forgetabout filters no body of us even boils the water”another person Manish a driver , told us that “Dueto Choking of drainage, and lack of awarenesswhere to throw and proper disposal of garbage , weare falling to diseases almost every week or month ,and with summers on the corner it is for sure that wewill going to be diseased”. 45 40 35We asked them questions such as, In last one year is 30somebody from your household has fallen ill? , if yes 25then what are the diseases which makes them fell 20ill.85 % of the families has said that one or more 15members has fallen ill due to water borne diseases. 10Most of them are children and women, they told us 5that when summer’s approach children fell ill every 0day due to poor sanitation conditions and unsafewater. Adult Infant Child(6-12) Source : Heeals Survey Report 2012Heeals Campaign Report 13
  15. 15. Diarrhoea is one of the largest killer diseases amongChildren, and accounting for 13% of the deaths W Where is India on MDG 7 (c) Track. About 626 million or more in the country still defecates in the open. Though India has achieved some progress on safe drinking water supply but there are still many people who don’t have access to safe drinking water. We have made some progress on safe drinking water supply, but a high percentage of population still defecate in open. About 97 million people are still not able to enjoy “the right for safe drinking water”. And about 626 million or more in the country still defecates in the open. In rural areas about 67% in 2010 had no access to sanitation, this show those who are rich has more access to sanitation facilities. In India there is a lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities because of annual increase in the population. Over 1.7 million (22% of the world total) children under five who died in were Indians. “Diarrhea is one of the largest killer disease among children, and accounting for 13% of the deaths”. Worldwide , over 80 % of diarrheal deaths are due to unsafe water ,lack of proper sanitation facilities and poor hygiene. All of the above can be prevented if there is a strong National and International will and determination to assure everybody’s right for a healthy life and well- being. Source: www.United%20Nations%20Millennium%20Development%20Goa ls.htm Heeals Campaign Report 14
  16. 16. About Us The Road Ahead Heeals With the formulation of appropriate guidelines, demand-responsive strategies, the foundation has A Vibrant Civil Society Organization Aims. To Safeguard Health been laid for achieving overall sanitation goals in Education, Environment and Livelihood to promote sustainable village, city, district and states across India. development of society. HEEALS Resource Reflect The part IV of The Constitution of India As well As Indian Commitment to The approach has demonstrated the ability to meet Global Development. the objective of safe drinking water and sanitation. The approach is determined to achieve a hygienic Funding sanitation facilities and simple water filtration and Project Funding had came from the staffs who were working community hygiene processes to be adopted by the voluntarily or semi –voluntary .Their common commitment targeted population. was to create an organisation which act locally and think Heeals wants to create awareness regarding the safe globally. water and good sanitation processes, approach and Acknowledgements policies to be adopted by the families and communities across villages’ districts and states of We like to give special thanks to families of Bhowapur Village India. We are creating awareness with the use of and Kaushambi, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh India, Mr. Attar Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Singh, Municipal Councilor, Bhowapur Village, Ghaziabad, Uttar Information Education Communication (IEC) tools Pradesh. and techniques. As awareness is the prime weapon to fight against the ever increasing cases of health We are especially grateful to our Volunteers who supported problems and diseases which arise due to unsafe this campaign and survey and providing quality technical water practices, unhealthy sanitation practices. expertise and vision in order to make this work and its corresponding formative research and community level We want the support of National and International interventions possible. communities, individuals, corporate and institutions to take forward our project and ideas to safe guard We would like to thanks everyone who supported us in the the environment, health and policies and to define campaign directly or indirectly and in making of this report, the same in the favor of communities across India. without whom this would not be possible. The project is aimed to move ahead across Inspiration and overall guidance for Door to Door Awareness campaign Approach on Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation was provided by Gaurav boundaries, villages, cities and districts in Kashyap . (Managing Director). the development of society.Prepared &Edited:Gagan Deep, Abhinav HEEALS (Health Education Environment And Livelihood Society)Sharma and Akanksha © Copyright 2012, All rights reserved.Pushkar. HEEALS, Ghaziabad (UP) INDIA. Part or whole of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, with the acknowledgment of the copyright holder. Any commercial use ofPhotographs: Heeals the material requires express written consent from the copyright owners of the original materials.field surveyors “Heeals has provided this information in good faith and in the belief of the correctness and usefulness of the materials. However Heeals cannot be held responsible for any harm that may result in the usage of these materials and HeealsDesign: Sandeep expressly disclaims all liability resulting out of the use of this material." Heeals Campaign Report 15
  17. 17. We Need Your Support!Contact Heeals Team :692, Sector-22-BGurgaon -122015(Haryana)E-mail: communications@heeals.orgWeb: www.heeals.org Report Heeals Campaign 16Phone: +91 97165 99921