Updated crisis communication updated 1


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Updated crisis communication updated 1

  1. 1. SANID National Emergency Response Volunteer programme
  2. 2. What is SANID programme? • the programme is managed by Emirates Foundation for Youth Development (EFYD). • SANID provides trained volunteer, and advanced volunteer response teams, ready to support professional emergency responders in large-scale emergencies, crises disaster situations.
  3. 3. SANID mission in Fire The role of CERT members in fire safety: • Put out small fires. • Prevent additional fires. • Assist with evacuations - where necessary. • Be fire safety advocates
  4. 4. Fire Safety Equipment • Make yourself familiar with: 1. Emergency exits. 2. Assembly points. • Available Fire systems: 1.Fire alarms. 2.Fire extinguishers. 3.Water sprinklers. 4.Water pump system.
  5. 5. The Fire Triangle • Heat • Fuel • Air Classes of fire: • A: Ordinary combustibles • B: Flammable liquids • C: Flammable gas • D: Combustible metals • E: Energized electrical equipment
  6. 6. Types of Fire Extinguishers • Water • Dry chemical • Carbon dioxide • Specialized fire extinguisher
  7. 7. Fire Suppression Safety DO: • Use safety equipment. • Work in a buddy system. • Have a backup team. • Have two ways to exit. • Maintain a safe distance.
  8. 8. Lifts & Carries One Person Pack-Strap Carry
  9. 9. Lifts & Carries Two-Person Carry
  10. 10. Lifts & Carries Chair Carry
  11. 11. Lifts & Carries • Blanket Drag
  12. 12. Lifts & Carries • Four-person carry by Stretcher
  13. 13. Search & Rescue • Size-up,, Hazards • Search involves: – Locating victims. – Documenting location. • Rescue involves procedures and methods to extricate victims
  14. 14. Search and Rescue Light Damage • If damage is light. • The CERT mission is to locate, triage, and prioritize removal of victims
  15. 15. Conducting Search Operations Left or Right Hand Search: The determining factor is the direction that leads to the people that are most threatened. Once the initial turn is made (right or left), the search team is committed to a right or left search pattern. All other future opportunities to turn shall be the same direction/pattern.
  16. 16. Types of Disasters • Natural • Manmade • Technological
  17. 17. Types of Disasters in the UAE Natural 1. Cyclone, hurricane 2. Flooding, tsunami 3. Earthquake 4. Sand Storms Technological 1. Building/crane collapse 2. Industrial explosion 3. Major transportation accident 4. Plane Crash
  18. 18. Types of Disasters in the UAE Combination: 1. Public health emergency (nature & crowding) 2. Heat/water emergency (with tech failure)
  19. 19. Effects of a Disaster Damage to Communications: – Telephones lines down, mobile phones jammed – Inability of victims & rescuers to call for help Damage to Utilities - Electricity, water, gas, petrol affected - Increased public health risks (sanitation, air con., clean water…) - Risk of fire, explosion…
  20. 20. Hazards From Home Fixtures • Gas line ruptures from displaced water heaters or ranges • Damage from falling books, dishes, and other cabinet contents • Electric shock from displaced appliances • Fire from faulty wiring, overloaded plugs, or frayed electric cords
  21. 21. FIRST AID
  22. 22. What is First aid? _ The immediate treatment provided for a severely injured or sick. _ Does NOT replace proper medical care. Legal Considerations: – A responsive adult must agree to receive first aid care. – Implied Consent means that permission to perform first aid care on an unresponsive victim is assumed
  23. 23. SCENE SIZE UP • Perform a rapid Scene Size Up to look for: – Hazards might threat you, the casualty and others. – Mechanism of Injury. – Number of casualties. NOTE: This should take only few seconds.
  24. 24. Initial Assessment • Learning Objectives: – To visually determine life threatening situations or any emergencies require immediate care: 1.Breathing 2.Hemorrhage 3.Shock 4.Burns 5.Airway Obstruction 6.Cardiac Arrest 7.Fractures
  25. 25. Sequence of Assessment • Conscious Victim: • Ask him about his injury or complaints. • Check the injury, complaint and other injuries you find. • Unconscious Victim: • Check for signs of injury or illness. –Head to Toe Assessment. • Provide first aid/ CPR for injuries or emergencies you find.
  26. 26. CONTROL BLEEDING • Usually Direct Pressure will stop bleeding. • Elevate the injured part to minimize blood flow.
  27. 27. CONTROL BLEEDING 1.Usually Direct Pressure will stop bleeding. 2. Elevate the injured part to minimize blood flow.
  28. 28. CONTROL BLEEDING • Internal Bleeding:  In severe internal bleeding: • Check and Attend CABs. • Put victim in SHOCK position. • Call for urgent medical care.
  29. 29. SHOCK • SHOCK occurs when the circulatory system fails to distribute oxygenated blood to body organs. What to do: – After managing life threatening injuries….. You should: • Put the victim on his back. • Elevate his feet to allow blood to flow back to heart and brain. • Protect victim from hypothermia by covering him with a blanket.
  30. 30. BURNS • First Degree Burns (superficial) • Third Degree Burns (Full skin)
  31. 31. FRACTURES • Types of Fractures: – Closed (Simple) Fractures. – Open (complicated) Fractures. Check for: – General signs and symptoms: • Tenderness. • Swelling. • Deformity. • Open wound. • Crepitating.
  32. 32. Chain of Servival Early recognition Early CPR Early Defibrillation Early ALS
  33. 33. CPR • Assess Victim: Use the acronym RAPCAB • R- Responsiveness. Shake & shout (R U OK ?) • A- Activate EMS ( Call 999) for help. • P- Position. • C- Circulation: Bleeding & Skin color. • A- Airway. • B- Breathing
  34. 34. In conclusion We each owe the UAE a great deal, and I call on all our young people to make their own commitment. Our country deserves the best that we can give it-giving back to society is something that brings out the best in every of us.