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Adult Experiences


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Adult Experiences

  1. 1. Learning Transfer and Thinking Patterns in Adults Presentation prepared for: The Teaching and Nurturing the Adult Learner Roundtable Colloquium Moderator: Dr. W. Kenneth Bulls II Developed on 10/20/09 <ul><li>This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation </li></ul><ul><li>In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Meeting Minder” </li></ul><ul><li>Select the “Action Items” tab </li></ul><ul><li>Type in action items as they come up </li></ul><ul><li>Click OK to dismiss this box </li></ul><ul><li>This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Adult Learner’s Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Cognitive Development </li></ul><ul><li>Transferring Learning Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Andragogy vs Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Key Learning Environment Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Environment Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul>10/20/09
  3. 3. Group Icebreaker <ul><li>NASA Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 Minute Group Exercise </li></ul>10/20/09
  4. 4. NASA Exercise 10/20/09
  5. 5. NASA Answers 10/20/09
  6. 6. Adult Learner Experiences <ul><li>What do adult learners bring to the table that traditional students don’t? </li></ul><ul><li>Life-Work Experiences! </li></ul>10/20/09
  7. 7. Cognitive Development <ul><li>Cognitive development refers to the change in thinking patterns as one gets older </li></ul><ul><li>Two major research themes: dialectical thinking and contextual factors </li></ul><ul><li>Both are critical in determining how we develop our thinking patterns as adults </li></ul><ul><li>(Merriam & Caffarella, 1999) </li></ul>10/20/09
  8. 8. Group Brainteaser <ul><li>Does learning transfer across contexts; specifically with various experiences of the adult learner? </li></ul><ul><li>2-5 Minute Group Discussion </li></ul>10/20/09
  9. 9. Transferring Learning Experiences 10/20/09
  10. 10. Transfer Learning Experiences <ul><li>Life experiences vary in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom-line…It’s real therefore use as a teaching tool and instruction tool to enhance the adult learning experience </li></ul>10/20/09
  11. 11. Andragogy vs Pedagogy <ul><li>Andragogy = learner centered </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy = teacher centered </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance the adult learning experience incorporate BOTH philosophies </li></ul>10/20/09
  12. 12. Key Learning Environment Concepts <ul><li>Adult Learner = is there for a reason </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor = resident expert </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Learner = experiences count </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor = has not seen it all </li></ul><ul><li>Combine ALL experiences to enhance learning outcomes and objectives </li></ul>10/20/09
  13. 13. <ul><li>Instructor Demographic </li></ul><ul><li>- Military Experience = 3 years </li></ul><ul><li>- Age = 27 years </li></ul><ul><li>- Discipline = Combat Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Learner Demographic </li></ul><ul><li>- Experience = 0-15 years (military/civilian) </li></ul><ul><li>- Mean Age = 28 years </li></ul><ul><li>- Discipline = Nurse – Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Course Leadership Development </li></ul>Learning Environment Case Study 10/20/09
  14. 14. <ul><li>1 st Half Course Format (Week 0 – 7) </li></ul><ul><li>- Pedagogy – What they need to know </li></ul><ul><li>- Instructor is the expert </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Half Course Format (Week 8 – 14) </li></ul><ul><li>- Andragogy – Incorporating life-work experiences </li></ul><ul><li>- Adult Learner’s experience counts </li></ul>Learning Environment Case Study 10/20/09
  15. 15. Benefits <ul><li>Adult Learner learns subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Learner feels engaged </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Learner feels practical life-work experiences count </li></ul><ul><li>ALL real-life examples are valuable teaching tools! </li></ul>10/20/09
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Adult Learner’s Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Cognitive Development </li></ul><ul><li>Transferring Learning Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Andragogy vs Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Key Learning Environment Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Environment Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul>10/20/09