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Principles of Design

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- 1. The Principles of Design Interior Design
- 2. 5 Principles <ul><li>These principles are GUIDELINES to design *Just like there are guidelines to blowing your nose correctly: Grab a tissue, blow your nose, and then wash your hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion (Scale) </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony </li></ul>*FYI: Interior Design books have anywhere from 5-10 principles, depending on the author. These are the 5 we will focus on in class.
- 3. Formal Balance- Definition <ul><li>One side is a mirror image of the other side </li></ul>
- 4. Informal Balance <ul><li>Objects on each side of the central dividing line are different. </li></ul>
- 5. Understanding Informal Balance <ul><li>More exciting and dramatic </li></ul><ul><li>Can be achieved through placement, shapes, colors, sizes, and other aspects of objects </li></ul>
- 6. Proportion- Definition <ul><li>Proportion is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole. </li></ul>The ratio of one part to the whole
- 7. Understanding Proportion <ul><li>Elements seem to be an appropriate size for the space they fill- things just look ‘right’ Example: We judge the appropriateness of the size of objects by measure. For example, a sofa in the form of a hand is startling because the hand is larger than the expected proportion, and it becomes the center of attention in the room. </li></ul>
- 8. Proportion- Tips <ul><li>Unequal amounts are more pleasing to the eye than equal amounts </li></ul><ul><li>The proportions of a private home are usually in scale with human measure, and as a result it appears more friendly, comfortable, less intimidating. </li></ul>
- 9. Proportion- Tips Imagine: Ice Cream Sandwich bench at an ice cream shop. In proportion or out? Would this be a good or a bad idea?
- 10. Emphasis <ul><li>Emphasis creates a center of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Also referred to as a ‘Focal Point’ </li></ul>What is the emphasis of this picture?
- 11. Understanding Emphasis <ul><li>Emphasis of an object can be increased by: making the object larger, more detailed, or by placing it in the foreground </li></ul>
- 12. Rhythm- 5 Types <ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Gradation </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation </li></ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul>
- 13. Rhythm- Repetition <ul><li>Occurs when a design element is repeated </li></ul>
- 14. Rhythm- Opposition <ul><li>When lines meet to form a right angle </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Checks and plaid </li></ul>
- 15. Rhythm-Gradation <ul><li>A change taking place through a series of stages </li></ul>Light to Dark Thin to Thick Small to Large
- 16. Rhythm- Radiation <ul><li>Lines flow out from a single point </li></ul>
- 17. Rhythm- Transition <ul><li>Curved lines carry the eye . </li></ul>
- 18. Harmony <ul><li>Harmony is achieved when Unity and Variety are effectively combined. </li></ul>
- 19. Harmony- Unity <ul><li>The design is seen as “whole”. </li></ul><ul><li>Unity can be achieved through matching and coordinating </li></ul>
- 20. Harmony- Unity <ul><li>How does this design show unity? </li></ul>
- 21. Harmony- Variety <ul><li>Variety can relieve monotony by giving the eye a number of different details to look at. </li></ul>
- 22. Harmony- Variety <ul><li>How does this design show variety? </li></ul>
- 23. What elements do you see???

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