Who are-they

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Jesus described the scribes and Pharisees as a “brood of vipers,” “hypocrites,” and “blind guides” (Matt. 23:15, 24, 33). They were men who loved religious titles (Matt. 23:6-10). They literally put their religion on their sleeves (Matt. 23:5, 14). Who were these people? Who were the Sadducees, Lawyers, Zealots, and Herodians?
Modern manifestations of these groups are seen in denominations. Men wear religious titles (like “father” or “reverend”). They put on outward displays of religious devotion by wearing special clothing (clergy robes, hats, scarfs, etc.). They often leave off the weightier matters of the gospel and put more emphasis on political power than spiritual purity.

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Who are-they

  1. 1. www.HebronChurchOfChrist.com
  2. 2. “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”“brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33 ✗ Jesus’ description of scribes & Pharisees ✗ Loved religious titles, Mt. 23:6-10 ✗ Put religion on their sleeves, Mt. 23:5, 14
  3. 3. “Hypocrites,” “blind guides,”“brood of vipers,” Mt. 23:15-33 ✗ Who are these people in the New Testament ◆ Sadducees ◆ Lawyers ◆ Zealots ◆ Herodians
  4. 4. Mt. 9:34Historic background ✗ Pharisee: “separated” or “separatist” ✗ Traced by to 2nd century BC ✗ Pious men who resisted Hellenism ✗ Leadership of middle-class men ✗ Held sway with the masses
  5. 5. Mt. 9:34Historic background ✗ Strict ceremonial & dietary regulations ✗ Official membership standards stringent ✗ High esteem for oral traditions ✗ Democratic views – equality of men
  6. 6. Mt. 9:34New Testament actions & beliefs ✗ Made own laws, Mt. 15:1-14 ✗ Strict sect, Acts 26:5 ✗ Opposed Jesus, Mt. 12:9-14 ✗ Believed in an afterlife, Acts 23:8
  7. 7. Mt. 3:7Historic Background ✗ Possible meanings ◆ Righteous ones ◆ Sons of Zadok ◆ Judges or fiscal controllers
  8. 8. Mt. 3:7Historic Background ✗ Aristocratic rulers beginning in 1st century ✗ High priesthood & priestly caste ✗ Majority of Sanhedrin council ✗ Wealthy, upper class ✗ Very political ✗ Disappeared after 70 AD
  9. 9. Mt. 3:7New Testament actions & beliefs ✗ Priestly caste, Acts 5:17 ✗ Denied the resurrection, angels, spirits, Mt. 22:23-33; Acts 23:6-8 ✗ Sought to keep the status quo, Jn. 11:45-50 ✗ Opposed the apostles, Acts 4:1-3
  10. 10. Mt. 2:4; Lk. 10:25Historic Background ✗ Copied & studied the Law ✗ Experts in the Law ✗ Lawyers acted as judges ✗ Could be Pharisees, Sadducees, or other
  11. 11. Mt. 2:4; Lk. 10:25New Testament actions & beliefs ✗ Kept traditions, Mk. 7:1, 2 ✗ Accused Jesus of blasphemy, Mk. 2:1-7 ✗ Tried to entrap Jesus, Jn. 8:2-5 ✗ Hard-hearted, Mt. 21:15 ✗ Responsible for death of Christ – along with others, Mk. 8:31; 14:1
  12. 12. Historic Background ✗ Developed in reaction to greater Roman control ✗ Used violence & intrigue ✗ Refused to pay taxes ✗ Refused to use foreign language
  13. 13. New Testament actions & beliefs ✗ Simon the Zealot – apostle, Lk. 6:15
  14. 14. Historic Background ✗ Supporters of Herodian rulers ✗ Political party
  15. 15. New Testament actions & beliefs ✗ Sought to destroy Jesus early, Mk. 3:6 ✗ Joined with Pharisees to entrap Jesus, Mt. 22:15-22
  16. 16. Nationalists – repentance & submission to GodNationalists – resistance & rebellion to RomeAristocrat rulers – good terms with Rome tomaintain powerCompromisers – sell-outs to wicked rulers
  17. 17. Modern manifestations of these groupsare seen in denominations ✗ Religious titles ✗ Outward displays of religious devotion ✗ Creating own laws & regulations ✗ More interest in political power than spiritual purity ✗ Compromisers with a wicked culture ✗ Enemies of the cross of Christ

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