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THE BASIC RUDIMENTS OF MUSIC. An introduction to notation

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Presentation about basic elements of music notation: staff, bars, clefs, notes and ledger lines.

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THE BASIC RUDIMENTS OF MUSIC. An introduction to notation

  1. 1. The Basic Rudiments OfMusicAn Introduction to Notation
  2. 2. The Basic Rudiments Of MusicAn Introduction to Notation – IndexThe Stave / StaffBarsLine Notes & Space NotesThe Clefs – Treble & Bass ClefLedger Lines
  3. 3. An Introduction To NotationThe Stave / StaffAll music is written upon, between and around 5 lines called a Stave orStaff.
  4. 4. An Introduction To PitchBarsEvery piece of music is divided up into equal measures by vertical linescalled Bars. Each bar must contain a certain number of notes or rests, orboth, regulated by figures at the beginning of the music called the TimeSignature.A Double Barline is used to end a part of or whole of a composition.Measure Bar Measure Bar Measure Doubleline line barline
  5. 5. An Introduction To NotationLine Notes & Space NotesLine Notes - when the line runsthrough the middle of a noteSpace Notes - when the note isbetween the lines, in a space5hLine4thSpace4thLine3rdSpace3rdLine2ndSpace2ndLine1stLine1stSpace
  6. 6. An Introduction To NotationTreble & Bass ClefsNotes on the stave are determined by use of signs known as Clefs.The clefs in most common use are the Treble & Bass Clef.The Treble Clef - AKA G Clef The Bass Clef - AKA F Clef
  7. 7. An Introduction To NotationTreble Stave NotesBass Stave Notes
  8. 8. An Introduction To NotationLedger LinesThe stem of a note on the middle line can go up or down but normally lower notestems go up and higher go down.To provide for notes which lie above or below the stave, short additional linescalled ledger (or leger) lines are used. Each note above or below the stave hasits own line or lines.To avoid many ledger/leger lines the sign 8, or 8va, can be used above or belowthe notes meaning the notes will be played an Octave higher or lower thanwritten.
  9. 9. An Introduction To NotationTreble Stave Ledger LinesBass Stave Ledger Lines
  10. 10. An Introduction To NotationTreble Stave Ledger LinesBass Stave Ledger Lines

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