Week 21
 Summary of Assignments
 Music of China
Assignments
 One more essay – second essay marks
back today
 Listening Test – actual date to be
timetabled
Chinese Music
 Oldest written forms of music – more than two
thousand years old
 Oldest articulated theories of music
 ...
WHAT MAKES IT CHINESE?
 What are the basic characteristics?
Essay Question
 The traditional music of China has evolved
over a great expanse of time, yet has
adapted to very changed ...
Answer
 1. Pentatonic tunes.
 2. Lack of harmony in a western sense-
homophony.
 3. Texture of the individual instrumen...
Chinese Periods
 Formative period – C3 B.C. to C4 AD. Earliest
artifacts – ocarinas, theoretical writings .
 1 Origin my...
Theory of Music
 Pipes basis for elaborate tone system –
pitch uniformity crucial for good
government.
 Chinese LU syste...
 Shi Er Lü, literally translated as 12 pitches,
sometimes named as Chinese chromatic
scale. It is one kind of Chromatic s...
The System -
Sheng – mouth organ
Instruments
 Ancient instrument types
 Primitive mouth organ – free reed
instrument (sheng)
 String, wind and percussio...
Ch’in – ancient zither
Ancient Notation – up to 2000
years old
The characters
The qin
 The qin is also the most characteristic of Chinese music.
Over one hundred symbols are used in its finger notati...
Demonstration of Ancient Music
Gusheng
General Points
 Chinese music part of natural philosophy.
 System of ordering musical instruments by 8
sounds – earth, s...
International Period – 5th to 10th
century Sui and Tang dynasties – new instruments –
sets of hanging bells and iron slab...
Pi’pa
Di-zi
Di / Dizi
Di / Dizi
 Wrinkled membrane over one
hole produces bright timbre
Di / Dizi
 Each dizi in one
major key
National Period – 10th – 19th
Centuries
 Sung dynasty (960 – 1279) new stability –
development of language, poetry and dr...
China today
 Both elements of the past and present are cultivated.
 Communist antipathy towards ancient Chinese court
tr...
Er-hu
Chinese Cipher Notation
 1 = D, sounds 8va
• The Key and Time Signatures
Lu Chun Ling: Huang Le Ge (Happy Song)
Chinese Notation
Transcription
Example 1: Grace Notes in Measures 8-9
tonicdaiyin
e...
Notation today
Books - General
 Fletcher, World Music in Context
 May, Worlds of Music
 Garland Encyclopedia of World Music
 Rough Gu...
2014    chinese music
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2014 chinese music

895 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
895
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2014 chinese music

  1. 1. Week 21  Summary of Assignments  Music of China
  2. 2. Assignments  One more essay – second essay marks back today  Listening Test – actual date to be timetabled
  3. 3. Chinese Music  Oldest written forms of music – more than two thousand years old  Oldest articulated theories of music  Understanding of acoustics well before Pythagoras  Understanding of pitch  Music part of the state structure  Classification of Instruments  Play example of classical music.
  4. 4. WHAT MAKES IT CHINESE?  What are the basic characteristics?
  5. 5. Essay Question  The traditional music of China has evolved over a great expanse of time, yet has adapted to very changed circumstances. Outline the main characteristics of Chinese music and instruments. 
  6. 6. Answer  1. Pentatonic tunes.  2. Lack of harmony in a western sense- homophony.  3. Texture of the individual instruments – their particular sound and contrasting timbres.  Virtuosity and long acceptance of a studied performance tradition.
  7. 7. Chinese Periods  Formative period – C3 B.C. to C4 AD. Earliest artifacts – ocarinas, theoretical writings .  1 Origin myths  2. Theoretical writings  3. Instruments of court  4. Relationship of music to court life in Chou and Han dynasties (3rd Century B.C. to 220 AD).
  8. 8. Theory of Music  Pipes basis for elaborate tone system – pitch uniformity crucial for good government.  Chinese LU system – cyclic set of pitches from tubes whose lengths were mathematically proportioned – giving basic Chinese scale. 5-tone scale with two changing tones. But 12-tone chromatic system also understood.
  9. 9.  Shi Er Lü, literally translated as 12 pitches, sometimes named as Chinese chromatic scale. It is one kind of Chromatic scale used in ancient Music of China. The Chinese scaling is using the same calculations as Pythagoras did, based on 2:3 ratios (8:9, 16:27, 64:81, etc.). It is highly rational and uses exact proportions to arrive at intervals.
  10. 10. The System -
  11. 11. Sheng – mouth organ
  12. 12. Instruments  Ancient instrument types  Primitive mouth organ – free reed instrument (sheng)  String, wind and percussion  Pentatonic scales the norm from the outset  Repertoire of ancient pieces – based on tablature notation for zither
  13. 13. Ch’in – ancient zither
  14. 14. Ancient Notation – up to 2000 years old
  15. 15. The characters
  16. 16. The qin  The qin is also the most characteristic of Chinese music. Over one hundred symbols are used in its finger notation for achieving the essential yet elusive qualities of this music: subtle inflections in the production and control of its tones as a means of expression. They indicate the articulation and timbre of either a single tone or a series of tones; they specify the occurrence of variable microtones between fixed scale tones; and they control the rhythmic and dynamic organization within each tonal aggregate
  17. 17. Demonstration of Ancient Music
  18. 18. Gusheng
  19. 19. General Points  Chinese music part of natural philosophy.  System of ordering musical instruments by 8 sounds – earth, stone, metal, skin, wood, bamboo, gourds, silk.  Instrument types used centuries ago – Ch’in (7- string zither), P’ipa (short necked lute - play example), Sheng (mouth organ) - still in use today. Chinese Flute - play example.
  20. 20. International Period – 5th to 10th century Sui and Tang dynasties – new instruments – sets of hanging bells and iron slabs.  Chordophones (played by professional female musicians) – P’ipa, moon guitar, hu ch’in (2 string fiddle from Mongolia) and San hsien.  Centre of music shifted from Confucian rites to public stage and homes of wealthy.
  21. 21. Pi’pa
  22. 22. Di-zi
  23. 23. Di / Dizi
  24. 24. Di / Dizi  Wrinkled membrane over one hole produces bright timbre
  25. 25. Di / Dizi  Each dizi in one major key
  26. 26. National Period – 10th – 19th Centuries  Sung dynasty (960 – 1279) new stability – development of language, poetry and drama.  Mongols invaded 1279 – development of exclusive repertoires for particular instruments. Good forms of instrumental notation.  Chang dynasty (1644-1911) saw development of Peking Opera – addition of zither – (dulcimer developed from West)  Since Cultural Revolution there has been both a loss of tradition and an attempt to revive and rediscover ancient traditions.
  27. 27. China today  Both elements of the past and present are cultivated.  Communist antipathy towards ancient Chinese court traditions – yet also dislike of Western influences. Wanted music to be patriotic  Promotion of Folk musics that use traditional Chinese instruments – but combine them in non-traditional ways. Play except of er-hu ensemble  Zones of Westernised culture – Shanghai, etc – where Chinese versions of Western popular music is the norm.
  28. 28. Er-hu
  29. 29. Chinese Cipher Notation  1 = D, sounds 8va • The Key and Time Signatures
  30. 30. Lu Chun Ling: Huang Le Ge (Happy Song) Chinese Notation Transcription Example 1: Grace Notes in Measures 8-9 tonicdaiyin escape note grace note
  31. 31. Notation today
  32. 32. Books - General  Fletcher, World Music in Context  May, Worlds of Music  Garland Encyclopedia of World Music  Rough Guide Books and Recordings  China in New Grove  Witzleben, Music in China (Global Music Series)

×