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Redistricting, zoning, annexation, and incorporation


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Redistricting, zoning, annexation, and incorporation

  1. 1. Redistricting, Zoning, Annexation, and Incorporation
  2. 2. Congressional Districts Senate -2 per state (equal representation) House of Representatives -13 (based on populations)
  3. 3. North Carolina House Districts House of Representatives -120 (120 districts)
  4. 4. North Carolina Senate Districts Senate -50 (50 districts)
  5. 5. Council of State and the Cabinet Governor Beverly Eaves Perdue Lieutenant Governor Walter H. Dalton Elected Officials (Council of State) Commissioner of Agriculture Steven W. Troxler State Treasurer Janet Cowell Superintendant of Public Instruction June St. Clair Atkinson Secretary of State Elaine F. Marshall Attorney General Roy Cooper Secretary of Labor Cherie K. Berry Commissioner of Insurance Wayne Goodwin State Auditor Beth AnnWood Department Secretaries appointed by the Governor (Cabinet) Administration Britt Cobb Cultural Resources Linda A.Carlisle Revenue Kenneth R. Lay Health and Human Services Lanier M. Cansler Commerce J. Keith Crisco Environment and Natural Resources Dee Freeman Correction Alvin Keller Jr. Transportation Eugene A. Conti Jr Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Linda Wheeler Hayes Crime Control and Public Safety Reuben F. Young
  6. 6. Redistricting <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redrawing of district boundaries and lines </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When people move, the population of districts go up or down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps voting districts relatively equal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reappointment: After the census, House of Reps. representation may change </li></ul></ul>Redistricting
  8. 8. Redistricting <ul><li>Gerrymandering: oddly shaped district to increase voting strength (favor one particular group) </li></ul><ul><li>Size does not have to be the same </li></ul>DRAW THIS PLEASE 
  9. 9. EOC QUESTIONS!! <ul><li>What do you do if you do NOT like Redistricting?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOVE!! </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Zoning <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules for land use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential (homes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial (Businesses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial (factories) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Zoning <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City is more organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control Population, noise, traffic </li></ul></ul>DRAW THIS PLEASE  Residential Commercial Industrial Residential
  12. 12. EOC QUESTIONS!! <ul><li>What do you do if you do NOT like Zoning?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOVE!! </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Annexation <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding land to existing city (making the city bigger) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Annexation <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As population grows, services are needed (police, trash peeps, fire fighters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State must approve annexation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities = MORE TAX </li></ul></ul>DRAW THIS PLEASE 
  15. 15. EOC QUESTIONS!! <ul><li>What do you do if you do NOT like Annexation?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOVE!! </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Incorporation <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating a NEW city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must have a permit from General Assembly  CHARTER!!! </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Incorporation <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People need rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need services  police, trash pick up, hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes  NEED $$ </li></ul></ul>DRAW THIS PLEASE 
  18. 18. EOC QUESTIONS!! <ul><li>What do you do if you do NOT like Incorporation?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MOVE!! </li></ul></ul>