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The UK Scholarly Communications Licence – supporting academics with open access.

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Dr Torsten Reimer, Head of Research Services, The British Library- The UK Scholarly Communications Licence – supporting academics with open access. Presentation at ALISS Xmas Special: EBooks: the changing nature of use and publishing. 8th December 2016

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The UK Scholarly Communications Licence – supporting academics with open access.

  1. 1. The UK Scholarly Communications Licence – supporting academics with open access Dr Torsten Reimer Head of Research Services Torsten.Reimer@bl.uk / @torstenreimer http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8357-9422 ALISS (Association of Librarians and Information Professionals in the Social Sciences) conference London, 08 December 2016
  2. 2. www.bl.uk 2
  3. 3. www.bl.uk 3 Context: funder open access mandates • Funding Councils: manuscripts of scholarly articles deposited within three months of acceptance (or published as immediate ‘gold’ open access) • RCUK: all scholarly articles open access by 2018, preference for ‘gold’ OA • Medical charities: all articles OA (EPMC deposit) • H2020: all scholarly articles OA  Policy stack: entirely possible to make article OA and only meet some or even no requirements
  4. 4. www.bl.uk 4 Problem: copyright transfer & embargos https://www.flickr.com/photos/143601516@N03/27571322193/ CC BY 2.0 Mary Henderson
  5. 5. www.bl.uk 5 UK-SCL Model • Research organisation retains a non-exclusive licence • Licence allows to – make the peer-reviewed manuscript publicly available – assign it a Creative Commons licence – sub-license all authors and their host institutions • No action from author required • The licence is binding on the publisher, provided the publisher has previous knowledge
  6. 6. www.bl.uk 6 Workflow Steps 2-4 happen already (but with embargo restrictions / different licensing) Step 1 only required once Consortium informs publishers Author signs copyright transfer form on acceptance Author deposits at (institutional) repository Manuscript made available (CC BY ND) on/shortly after publication
  7. 7. www.bl.uk 7 • Model originally (2008) developed at Harvard • Now adopted to UK legal and policy context • Process originally led by Imperial College London (Chris Banks & Torsten Reimer) • Now UK-wide initiative, involving ~70 institutions
  8. 8. www.bl.uk 8 A few points • A transitional solution until a sustainable OA model emerges • Does not restrict academics: they can still publish in journal of choice, regardless of whether it supports compliant OA • Academics can request a waiver for specific outputs • Aim is to help academics, not to fight publishers – Open Access is increasing citations – Universities don’t have to blacklist non-compliant journals – Publishers can develop new business models
  9. 9. www.bl.uk 9 Imperial College citation data 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 Open Access: In Spiral and/or DOAJ Likely to be Open Access: In Europe PubMed Central only Possibly Open Access: In arXiV only Not known to be in an Open Access Source Average citations for articles in journals published 2011-2015 Citations sourced from Scopus
  10. 10. www.bl.uk 10 Next steps • UK-SCL steering group just been formed (representatives from Bristol, British Library, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Imperial, Jisc, Kent, Nottingham, Sussex, UCL) • Institutions preparing for implementation in 2017

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