Supporting SCIE Projects


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Slides on the work of SCIE researchers in supporting projects includes details of systematic mapping research topics Social care online is a free free website maintained by SCIE This paper was given at the ALISS December 2008 event .

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  • Supporting SCIE Projects

    1. 1. Supporting SCIE projects with specialist searching and information management Janet Clapton and Walt Brown Project Information Officers SCIE Project Information Team
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting specific projects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The nature of the evidence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>* Grayson and Gomersall (2003) A difficult business: finding the evidence for social science reviews. Working paper 19: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Evidence Network </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Meeting the challenge <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Our expertise </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overall approach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Range of products </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Example research issue … Large project team Swift outputs needed Lack of shared definitions Hot policy topic Personalisation
    5. 5. Start with… <ul><li>Context and definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Shape of existing evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Information needs </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed outputs </li></ul>
    6. 6. Scope process and outputs <ul><li>. </li></ul>Text refs in EndNote Weblinks in Mindmap Establish information needs Draw on expertise Scope summary Communication and feedback
    7. 7. Quality Assurance Communication Exchange of sources Validation and feedback Procedure Templates Defined process Replicable Benchmarking Process Products Expertise
    8. 8. Systematic mapping <ul><li>Processes and stages of mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties mapping social care topics </li></ul><ul><li>Overarching non linear aspects of mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Example: BME older people with depression </li></ul>
    9. 9. What are systematic maps? <ul><li>Systematic maps are the product of comprehensive , sensitive searches for relevant literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Output from searches are screened against inclusion criteria , and coded according to pre-defined generic and topic-specific keywords (study type, population, topic, etc). </li></ul><ul><li>Product: report & database of searchable references </li></ul>
    10. 10. Processes of mapping <ul><li>Pre Map work </li></ul><ul><li>Agree research question </li></ul><ul><li>Develop inclusion criteria (PICOS) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop search strings - pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion criteria, screening titles and abstracts </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval of papers- and develop keywords-pilot </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword tools and coding </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul>Dependent on staff, funding, quality and time 6 – 12 months
    11. 11. Challenges mapping social care topics <ul><li>Time frames </li></ul><ul><li>Defining concepts- lack of common language </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of research </li></ul><ul><li>Type of research </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicting demands- review team, map team, stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Databases poorly organised – indexing, thesaurus, small, low cost, not updated regularly, export formats </li></ul><ul><li>No one main database (e.g Medline in health) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Non linear aspects of mapping <ul><li>Series of stages…..but critical points </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive piloting at all key stages </li></ul><ul><li>Effective team working </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming …but a priority </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance- crucial </li></ul>
    13. 13. Quality assurance <ul><li>Embedded throughout the process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Piloting tools- usability, concordance, accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double coding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domino effect on quality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Crucial – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of reviews that depend on it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity of the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life beyond the map </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time v’s quality </li></ul><ul><li>Rigour v’s breadth </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency and openness of limitations </li></ul>
    14. 14. Map 3: flow of literature