Not everything is ‘e’: accessing print resources a presentation by Nicholas Martland  ALISS / BL Global Aspects of Public ...
Not everything is ‘ e ’ <ul><li>Not everything is available  e lectronically </li></ul><ul><li>Not everything is published...
Wider issues – online/print and English/other languages <ul><li>Not all resources are digitised and available online  </li...
English dominates … but not everything is in the English language <ul><li>English is the language of academic and professi...
“ Beyond English: accessing the global epidemiological literature” <ul><li>“ Beyond English: accessing the global epidemio...
Other issues particularly relevant to the developing world <ul><li>Place of traditional / alternative systems of medicine ...
UK library holdings – publishing beyond the UK and the US <ul><li>The British Library and SOAS Library are major repositor...
Search terms  -  changes in terminology <ul><li>Terms change and older terms become inappropriate or redundant as the old,...
Search strategies: Geographic search terms for nations <ul><li>For large countries also search at state/province level: </...
Search strategies: broader & narrower terms <ul><li>Search under broader terms such as  Asia-Pacific ;  Southeast Asia;   ...
Accessing Monographs <ul><li>Majority of monographs still in print/paper format. Using appropriate search terms, search in...
Conference proceedings <ul><li>Although more-recent conference proceedings are sometimes available online, older printed c...
Research institute and university department publications <ul><li>Research institutes and university departments publish j...
Official / government publications <ul><li>Many official publications, reports and parliamentary papers  are now available...
Indexes and bibliographic databases <ul><li>Although most bibliographic databases and indexes are now available online, mu...
Index Islamicus <ul><li>An example of a resource that is probably generally perceived as of no relevance to public health ...
Any questions? <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
The end …. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Gracias </li></ul><ul><li>Obrigado </li></ul><ul><li>Terima kasih </li></ul...
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Not everything is ‘e’: accessing print resources relating to Global Health

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Paper given by Nicholas Martland from the British Library at the November 2011 ALISS Global helath showcase event

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Not everything is ‘e’: accessing print resources relating to Global Health

  1. 1. Not everything is ‘e’: accessing print resources a presentation by Nicholas Martland ALISS / BL Global Aspects of Public Health Workshop, The British Library, 10 th November 2011
  2. 2. Not everything is ‘ e ’ <ul><li>Not everything is available e lectronically </li></ul><ul><li>Not everything is published in e nglish </li></ul><ul><li>Not everything is published in North America & the EU </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wider issues – online/print and English/other languages <ul><li>Not all resources are digitised and available online </li></ul><ul><li>Many online resources are available only via subscription-based databases requiring institutional access or individual payment </li></ul><ul><li>Even where material is freely available/open access not everyone has the skills or the infrastructure to access online – the digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>Dominance of UK / EU and North American publishing – yet much published elsewhere both in English and other languages </li></ul><ul><li>The convenience and apparent breadth of online resources (particularly in academic institutions) might distort research through a neglect of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>print-only material; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developing countries’ research and publishing output; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>non-English language resources </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. English dominates … but not everything is in the English language <ul><li>English is the language of academic and professional STM publishing – increasingly even in the non-Anglophone world </li></ul><ul><li>Many academic journals in China, Japan, the Hispanic and Arab worlds now publish English abstracts and increasingly articles in English </li></ul><ul><li>English still the dominant language of the Internet and commercial databases </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>The mass of the population in the developing/newly industrialising world are educated and informed in languages other than English. </li></ul><ul><li>Health information - from official publications to popular literature - in the developing/newly industrialising world is produced in languages other than English – even in the Anglophone world, in countries such as India and Malaysia </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Beyond English: accessing the global epidemiological literature” <ul><li>“ Beyond English: accessing the global epidemiological literature” has a range of articles – from the philosophical to the practical - relating to issues concerning literature in languages other than English in the fields of epidemiology and public health. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ete-online.com/series/1742-7622-Eng </li></ul><ul><li>The open access journal Emerging Themes in Epidemiology </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other issues particularly relevant to the developing world <ul><li>Place of traditional / alternative systems of medicine in health care </li></ul><ul><li>Ayurvedic, Unani, Siddha, Chinese medicine, &c. </li></ul><ul><li>Information often not available in English nor online </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional belief systems / folklore / religious & cultural issues </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal plants and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) </li></ul><ul><li>fear that “Big Pharma” poaching medicinal plants and plant products to exploit with little return for local communities </li></ul><ul><li>Generic medicines and IPR </li></ul><ul><li>Western pharmaceutical companies concerned about loss of income from generic medicines produced in Brazil, Cuba, India, &c. </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of literacy / Public health education / Access to online resources </li></ul>
  7. 7. UK library holdings – publishing beyond the UK and the US <ul><li>The British Library and SOAS Library are major repositories for printed and online resources in Arabic, Asian and African languages and for material in English and other European languages on the Middle East, Asia and Africa, relating to public health </li></ul><ul><li>The British Library and ULRLS (University of London Research Library Services) Latin American and Caribbean Studies Collection are major repositories for printed and online resources in Spanish and Portuguese and for material on Latin America and the Caribbean, relating to public health </li></ul><ul><li>Other university and research libraries also hold important English language collections on Asia, the Middle East, Africa, the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and also material in languages other than English. Check COPAC http://copac.ac.uk/ </li></ul>
  8. 8. Search terms - changes in terminology <ul><li>Terms change and older terms become inappropriate or redundant as the old, bi-polar divisions between the developed and developing world become less meaningful – but they remain important as search terms, particularly when searching older catalogues and indexes </li></ul><ul><li>First World / Third World </li></ul><ul><li>The North / The South </li></ul><ul><li>Developed World / Developing World </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialised West / Industrialising World </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Industrial World / Industrialising World </li></ul>
  9. 9. Search strategies: Geographic search terms for nations <ul><li>For large countries also search at state/province level: </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh as well as India </li></ul><ul><li>Queensland, Northern Territory as well as Australia </li></ul><ul><li>São Paulo, Bahia, Pará as well as Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Archaic terms might still be used in indexes, catalogues & even online: </li></ul><ul><li>Ceylon for Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>Malaya for Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Coast for Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>British Guiana for Guyana </li></ul><ul><li>(particularly useful for research into the history of medicine and public health) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Search strategies: broader & narrower terms <ul><li>Search under broader terms such as Asia-Pacific ; Southeast Asia; Middle East ; Latin America; Organisation of Islamic Cooperation ; ASEAN and The Commonwealth as well as under names of individual countries and states/provinces within countries </li></ul><ul><li>Combine geographic names with broader terms such as “Health” or “Disease” or with more specific terms such as “AIDS”; “Malaria”; “Cholera”; “Primary health care” and “Immunization” </li></ul><ul><li>Use non-English words for “health” : salud (Spanish); saude (Portuguese); sức khỏe (Vietnamese) ; kesihatan / kesehatan (Malay / Indonesian); sağlık (Turkish) ; wèi shēng 卫生 [hygiene] or jiàn kāng 健康 [health] (Chinese) ; الصحة (Arabic). </li></ul><ul><li>… .this is a particularly useful way of locating journal titles and official publications, including statistics </li></ul>
  11. 11. Accessing Monographs <ul><li>Majority of monographs still in print/paper format. Using appropriate search terms, search individual library catalogues or databases such as Copac and Worldcat </li></ul><ul><li>http://copac.ac.uk/ http://www.worldcat.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Some monographs are available electronically and in print; some are only available electronically: </li></ul><ul><li>- PDF files (official bodies, academic departments, NGOs) </li></ul><ul><li>- freely available online books (e.g., googlebooks) </li></ul><ul><li>- ebooks (either purchased individually or as a package) </li></ul><ul><li>- POD (Print on Demand) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conference proceedings <ul><li>Although more-recent conference proceedings are sometimes available online, older printed conference proceedings will probably remain a low priority for digitisation. </li></ul><ul><li>The British Library has probably the most comprehensive and easily accessible collection of conference publications in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/atyourdesk/docsupply/collection/confs/ </li></ul><ul><li>Check the BL or COPAC catalogues using “conference” or “proceedings” together with a subject and a country name as search terms. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Research institute and university department publications <ul><li>Research institutes and university departments publish journals, reports and sometimes monographs </li></ul><ul><li>Such publications cover a broad range of research topics that can include material on public health </li></ul><ul><li>Particularly in the developing/newly industrialising world, these publications are not likely to be available online and might be the only source of published research from a country </li></ul>
  14. 14. Official / government publications <ul><li>Many official publications, reports and parliamentary papers are now available online … but many are not … </li></ul><ul><li>Older publications might not have been digitised </li></ul><ul><li>Many developing/newly industrialising countries official publications are not available online </li></ul>
  15. 15. Indexes and bibliographic databases <ul><li>Although most bibliographic databases and indexes are now available online, much of the material cited is only available in printed format. </li></ul><ul><li>There are bibliographic databases specifically related to health, such as the WHO Virtual Health Library </li></ul><ul><li>There are region- and country-specific databases, such as the Bibliography of Asian Studies and the Australian Informit database </li></ul><ul><li>There are databases/indexes that appear to be of no relevance to public health …. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Index Islamicus <ul><li>An example of a resource that is probably generally perceived as of no relevance to public health issues is Index Islamicus : a bibliography of books, articles and reviews on Islam and the Muslim world. </li></ul><ul><li>Indexes material on Islam, the Middle East and the Muslim world. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Muslim world” covers all countries that have a Muslim or Muslim minority population - all of Asia & the Middle East, including China; India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Nepal not just Pakistan and Bangladesh; Africa; and also Europe and North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious and theological subjects are only part of Index Islamicus’ coverage. It covers the arts and humanities, the social sciences and applied sciences. </li></ul><ul><li>Good coverage of public health issues. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Any questions? <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
  18. 18. The end …. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Gracias </li></ul><ul><li>Obrigado </li></ul><ul><li>Terima kasih </li></ul><ul><li>C ảm ơn bạn </li></ul><ul><li>谢谢 </li></ul><ul><li>شكراً </li></ul><ul><li>T eşekkür ederim </li></ul>

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