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The UK General Election
    2010 on the Web
 J.M. Grimshaw
 May 28th 2010



                          1
What were we trying to do?
• Demonstrate use of the web for:
     • Communication of policies by parties and
       their ...
Selection guidelines

                              News and       Local and
Representative               comment –       ...
Sources
• Candidates’ lists and links on party websites
• British Government Politics on the Internet,
  Keele University
...
Barriers to Success
•   Narrow window of opportunity
•   Permissions issues
•   Technical challenges – crawling 540 new ti...
Overcoming time pressures

                                   Collaborate –
                                     help from...
Overcoming permissions issues




• Getting attention of candidates and parties during
  the campaign is challenging
• But...
Overcoming permissions issues
       Exercise due diligence – first seek formal
                permission to archive site...
Overcoming technical limitations


      First use of group scheduling
        (archiving large number of
      titles in ...
A Tour of the collection: candidates’
                sites
• Some make full use of
  all social media – Nick
  Clegg is o...
A tour of the collection: candidates’
                 sites
• Others use their local
  constituency party site
• May have...
A tour of the collection: national
                parties
• Includes selected
  minor as well as three
  main parties
• C...
Minor parties




                13
A tour of the collection: interest
              group sites
• Encourage activism
• Use video and social
  media
• Offer m...
A tour of the collection: interest
               group sites
• Trace change of
  approach and policy
  between elections
...
A tour of the collection: election
                   blogs
•   Academic/think tank
•   Party political
•   Journalistic
•...
A tour of the collection: news and
             commentary
• Focuses on BBC News
  coverage
• Other news sites not
  gathe...
A tour of the collection: public
             engagement
• Encourage activism
• The Straight Choice
  collects and mounts
...
A tour of the collection: public
             engagement
• Encourage
  interactivity
• Who should you vote
  for? - answer...
A tour of the collection: public
              engagement
• Social media are
  prominent
• UK 2010 general
  election on T...
Collection presentation
• Organised into subject categories
  – Research centres and think tanks
  – Regulation and guidan...
Visual presentation of results
• Visual analysis using
  tag clouds
• Used to show most
  frequently used words
  in polit...
For future enjoyment!
• UK general election 2010 collection
  – Over 700 sites
  – All available in the UK Web Archive
  –...
In the meantime …
use title or keyword search!




                               24
Contact
Jennie Grimshaw
Curator, Official Publications and Social Policy
British Library
96 Euston Road
London NW1 2DB
Ema...
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UK General Election 2010 on the Web

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Presentation from JM Grimshaw, British Library on the project to archive Web sites relating to the 2010 general election. Given at the 2010 ALISS AGM http://www.alissnet.org.uk

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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UK General Election 2010 on the Web

  1. 1. The UK General Election 2010 on the Web J.M. Grimshaw May 28th 2010 1
  2. 2. What were we trying to do? • Demonstrate use of the web for: • Communication of policies by parties and their candidates • Influencing of policy by interest groups • Promotion of public participation • Enable comparison with use of the web for 2005 general election 2
  3. 3. Selection guidelines News and Local and Representative comment – national sample of traditional political candidates media, parties sites, including political social media blogs, polls MC900056434[1] Pressure groups, Public professional engagement – societies, interactive sites charities 3
  4. 4. Sources • Candidates’ lists and links on party websites • British Government Politics on the Internet, Keele University • Search engines – main source • Suggestions from colleagues 4
  5. 5. Barriers to Success • Narrow window of opportunity • Permissions issues • Technical challenges – crawling 540 new titles when the normal monthly target is 30! 5
  6. 6. Overcoming time pressures Collaborate – help from Include sites National already Libraries of identified for Scotland and 2005 Wales + election, eg Commons political Library parties Start selecting in advance of the campaign 6
  7. 7. Overcoming permissions issues • Getting attention of candidates and parties during the campaign is challenging • But we do not normally archive sites without formal written permission to avoid breaching copyright 7
  8. 8. Overcoming permissions issues Exercise due diligence – first seek formal permission to archive site Demonstrate failure and move to notice & take down Not displayed as a collection due to sensitivities around 8 consultation on e-legal deposit
  9. 9. Overcoming technical limitations First use of group scheduling (archiving large number of titles in a group, so that only one schedule is needed) 9
  10. 10. A Tour of the collection: candidates’ sites • Some make full use of all social media – Nick Clegg is on Facebook & Twitter as well as running a campaign website 10
  11. 11. A tour of the collection: candidates’ sites • Others use their local constituency party site • May have little election content • And a focus on local issues! 11
  12. 12. A tour of the collection: national parties • Includes selected minor as well as three main parties • Compare 2005 and 2010 election sites and manifestos • Maintains left wing/right wing and religious/secular balance 12
  13. 13. Minor parties 13
  14. 14. A tour of the collection: interest group sites • Encourage activism • Use video and social media • Offer manifestos and briefings 14
  15. 15. A tour of the collection: interest group sites • Trace change of approach and policy between elections • Compare EU Elections, & 2005 and 2010 general elections! 15
  16. 16. A tour of the collection: election blogs • Academic/think tank • Party political • Journalistic • Candidates 16
  17. 17. A tour of the collection: news and commentary • Focuses on BBC News coverage • Other news sites not gathered due to sensitivities around consultation on e-legal deposit • Includes full transcripts of TV debates • Archived daily 17
  18. 18. A tour of the collection: public engagement • Encourage activism • The Straight Choice collects and mounts election leaflets photographed and sent in by the public • 5715 leaflets added on May 18th 18
  19. 19. A tour of the collection: public engagement • Encourage interactivity • Who should you vote for? - answer quiz questions, and then the site will compare your views with those of main political parties 19
  20. 20. A tour of the collection: public engagement • Social media are prominent • UK 2010 general election on Twitter – offers tweets from politicians, journalists, media, voters • Archived daily 20
  21. 21. Collection presentation • Organised into subject categories – Research centres and think tanks – Regulation and guidance – Public and community engagement – Election blogs – Interest groups – News and commentary – Political parties – local and national – Candidates 21
  22. 22. Visual presentation of results • Visual analysis using tag clouds • Used to show most frequently used words in political party websites in 2005 election • Coming soon for 2010 election! 22
  23. 23. For future enjoyment! • UK general election 2010 collection – Over 700 sites – All available in the UK Web Archive – http://www.webarchive.org.uk/ – But not yet presented as a collection due to introduction of sub-categories – requires technical adjustment 23
  24. 24. In the meantime … use title or keyword search! 24
  25. 25. Contact Jennie Grimshaw Curator, Official Publications and Social Policy British Library 96 Euston Road London NW1 2DB Email: jennie.grimshaw@bl.uk 25

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