EU Social Agenda Grace Hudson University of Bradford
History and Context <ul><li>EC/EU competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidiarity and proportionality </li></ul><ul><li>Legisl...
Commitment in Treaties <ul><li>There has been provision for social policy in the Treaties from the Treaty of Rome 1957 </l...
Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>1960s – policy focused mainly on labour mobility </li></ul><ul><li>1970s – harsh economic...
Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>Structural funds </li></ul><ul><li>European Social Fund established 1957 </li></ul><ul><l...
Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>Single European Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New “title” on economic and social cohesion </l...
Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>SEA  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Dialogue – Commission required to develop a dialogue be...
Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>Delors review of social consequences of single market programme </li></ul><ul><li>Fears o...
Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Social Protocol in Maastricht Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporated social provisions o...
Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Anomalous situation of the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Little legislation adopted under Social Pro...
Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>1990s - Concerns about unemployment and competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>White paper on th...
Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Social Policy Agenda adopted 2000 as part of Lisbon Strategy for jobs and growth </li></ul>...
Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Lisbon Strategy – “modernising the European social model, investing in people and combating...
Policy and Intitiates <ul><li>Follow up from revised Lisbon Strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication on the Social Ag...
Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Renewed social agenda: opportunities, access and solidarity in 21 st  century Europe </li><...
Policy and Initiatives – next  <ul><li>Target of eradicating poverty by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>2010 is to be the European ...
Sources of information <ul><li>Key policy documents </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Pending legislation </...
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Eu Social Agenda

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A presentation from Grace Hudson Bradford University which was given at the ALISS 2009 xm,as event. Outlines history of the development of EU social policy

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Eu Social Agenda

  1. 1. EU Social Agenda Grace Hudson University of Bradford
  2. 2. History and Context <ul><li>EC/EU competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidiarity and proportionality </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative decision-making process </li></ul><ul><li>European social model v American economic model </li></ul><ul><li>Strong commitment to social policy by member states – except Britain under Conservative Government (1979-1997) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Commitment in Treaties <ul><li>There has been provision for social policy in the Treaties from the Treaty of Rome 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>but originally narrow definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>working conditions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>standard of living </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>equal pay for equal work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>social security for migrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>increased mobility of workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider policy in hands of member states </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>1960s – policy focused mainly on labour mobility </li></ul><ul><li>1970s – harsh economic climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Social action programme 1974 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For full employment, better living and working conditions, workers’ participation in decision making, equal treatment of men and women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of EFIWLC and CEDEFOP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disparities between rich and poor regions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>Structural funds </li></ul><ul><li>European Social Fund established 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>European Regional Development Fund 1975 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aimed to reduce regional disparities, address aspects of social policy, combat long-term unemployment, promote education and training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And later, Cohesion fund 1992 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>Single European Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New “title” on economic and social cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualified majority voting on health and safety of workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity used by Commission to enact range of social policy legislation – but raised a number of legal challenges, eg British government’s objection to “Working time” Directive 1993 (challenge rejected by Court of Justice) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>SEA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Dialogue – Commission required to develop a dialogue between employers and employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of and substantial increase in structural funds </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Policies and Initiatives <ul><li>Delors review of social consequences of single market programme </li></ul><ul><li>Fears of “social dumping” </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to promote social dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Community Charter on the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers (Social Charter)– adopted 1989 by 11 member states (not UK) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of success/blocking of social policy legislation – unanimous decisions required </li></ul>
  9. 9. Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Social Protocol in Maastricht Treaty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporated social provisions of Social Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed Social chapter opposed by Major </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain opted out of Social Protocol but terms of Treaty of Rome re social policy (as revised by later treaties) still applied </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social issues now core policy – includes issues such as protection of children and young people, freedom of association, public health, help for elderly and disabled (number of programmes) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Anomalous situation of the UK </li></ul><ul><li>Little legislation adopted under Social Protocol, eg only two directives on European works councils and parental leave – other legal bases used where possible </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty reform – adoption of Amsterdam Treaty – new Labour government agreed to incorporation of social protocol and to adoption of the two directives </li></ul>
  11. 11. Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>1990s - Concerns about unemployment and competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>White paper on the development of social policy in the period 1995-1999 (1994) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on job creation, labour mobility, equal opportunity, integration of social and economic policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No major legislative agenda in next social action programme – more focus on discussion </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Social Policy Agenda adopted 2000 as part of Lisbon Strategy for jobs and growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More and better jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New balance between flexibility and security in a changing work environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combating poverty, social exclusion, and discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernising social security protection systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting equality between men and women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforcing the social dimension of enlargement and external relations </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Lisbon Strategy – “modernising the European social model, investing in people and combating social exclusion” </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Open Method of Co-ordination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Reform Programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Employment Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Progress Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking, best practice, target setting, peer pressure </li></ul>
  14. 14. Policy and Intitiates <ul><li>Follow up from revised Lisbon Strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication on the Social Agenda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COM (2005) 53 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key priorities: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fighting poverty and promoting equal opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg older people in workforce – “active ageing”, employment of women, managing restructuring through social dialogue </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Policy and Initiatives <ul><li>Renewed social agenda: opportunities, access and solidarity in 21 st century Europe </li></ul><ul><li>COM (2008) 412 </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of “Flexicurity” </li></ul><ul><li>ESF spend 2007-13 75 billion euros </li></ul>
  16. 16. Policy and Initiatives – next <ul><li>Target of eradicating poverty by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>2010 is to be the European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation on the future “EU 2020” strategy </li></ul><ul><li>COM (2009) 647 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sources of information <ul><li>Key policy documents </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Pending legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Guides and background publications </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Opinion poll surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Europa website </li></ul><ul><li>Comment and analysis – books, journals, reports </li></ul>

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