4 weight management1

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4 weight management1

  1. 1. NutritionNutrition 3:43:4
  2. 2. ___________ is the body___________ is the body’s physical drive and’s physical drive and need for food. This is different fromneed for food. This is different from __________ which is the psychological desire__________ which is the psychological desire for food. We all need food to survive. There arefor food. We all need food to survive. There are many things that influence what foods wemany things that influence what foods we choose to consume. Chances are if you arechoose to consume. Chances are if you are always in a hurry you may grab whatever isalways in a hurry you may grab whatever is convenient and fast. This means that _______convenient and fast. This means that _______ is an influence on your food choice. If you eatis an influence on your food choice. If you eat whatever your parents have in the refrigeratorwhatever your parents have in the refrigerator chances are ________ is a big influence on youchances are ________ is a big influence on you food choice. What are 2 other influences onfood choice. What are 2 other influences on your food choices?your food choices?
  3. 3. ““For the first time in twoFor the first time in two centuries, the currentcenturies, the current generation of children ingeneration of children in America may have shorter lifeAmerica may have shorter life expectancies than theirexpectancies than their parents”parents” New York TimesNew York Times
  4. 4. From 1985 until 2008 the obesity rate has been increasing in every state. In 1990 ten states had a prevalence of obesity less than 10% and no states had prevalence equal to or greater than 15%. In 2008, only one state (Colorado) had a prevalence of obesity less than 20%. Thirty-two states had a prevalence equal to or greater than 25%; six of these states (Alabama, Mississippi, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia) had a prevalence of obesity equal to or greater than 30%.
  5. 5. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  6. 6. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  7. 7. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  8. 8. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  9. 9. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  10. 10. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  11. 11. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  12. 12. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  13. 13. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  14. 14. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  15. 15. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  16. 16. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  17. 17. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
  18. 18. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
  19. 19. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
  20. 20. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20%
  21. 21. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%
  22. 22. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2002 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%
  23. 23. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%
  24. 24. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%
  25. 25. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  26. 26. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  27. 27. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  28. 28. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
  29. 29.  Coronary heart disease: Plaque build up in the arteries leading to your heart.  Type 2 diabetes: Body become insulin resistant causing high blood sugar. Diet and Exercise help unless it gets out of control. Then you must take insulin.  Cancers or Liver and Gallbladder disease  High Cholesterol  Hypertension: high blood pressure  Stroke  Sleep apnea and respiratory problems  Osteoarthritis: a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint  Gynecological problems: abnormal menses, infertility
  30. 30.  Body Composition: The percentage of fat, bone, water and muscle in the human body.  There are 3 body types Ectomorph Endomorph Mesomorph
  31. 31.  Have minimal muscle and minimal fat and are typically skinny. They have a light build with small joints and lean muscle.  Small frame and bone structure  Hard to gain weight  Flatter chest  Small shoulders  Fast metabolism
  32. 32.  The endomorph body type is solid and generally soft. Endomorphs gain fat very easily. Usually of a shorter build with thick arms and legs. Muscles are strong, especially the upper legs.  Soft and round body  Gains muscle and fat very easily  "Stocky" build  Finds it hard to lose fat  Slow metabolism
  33. 33.  A mesomorph has a large bone structure, large muscles and a naturally athletic physique. They find it quite easy to gain and lose weight.  Athletic  Generally hard body  Well defined muscles  Rectangular shaped body  Strong  Gains muscle easily  Gains fat more easily than ectomorphs
  34. 34. What Health advice could you give…What Health advice could you give…  Ectomorph- ThinnerEctomorph- Thinner  Mesomorph- MuscularMesomorph- Muscular  Endomorph- Higher FatEndomorph- Higher Fat EctomorphEctomorph EndomorphEndomorph MesomorphMesomorph Because they don’t gain weight easily they may think they can eat anything they want and never exercise. This could lead to low nutrient high calorie foods which will leave with low energy, unhealthy organs, and a weak heart. They must pay special attention to what they eat because they gain fat so easily. Try to keep their weight down and strength high so their bones can support a larger frame. They must also be careful about what they eat and get nutrient dense foods for the same reason as the Ectomorphs. May be so into building muscle they forget about strengthening their heart and lungs through cardio exercise.
  35. 35. We must understand our body type and then be aware of the state of our bodies. Our HEALTH must be our primary priority. Keep yourself on track using the tools available to you.
  36. 36.  Body Mass Index:  A chart that gives us a number based on our height and weight. When we stay within the right number range we are more likely to be healthy. When we exceed our range or are below our number range we are likely to run into problems. Underweight 12-18 Healthy 18-24 Overweight 25-29 Obese 30-39 Very Obese 40+
  37. 37. Obesity is defined as a person having a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or greater. A higher BMI is associatedA higher BMI is associated with a greater risk ofwith a greater risk of cardiovascular disease,cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes,type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and stroke.hypertension, and stroke.
  38. 38. Body Fat Percentage: The percentage of your body that is fat.  Much more accurate way to determine your level of health. Weight Range Male Female Under Under 9% Under 21% Healthy 9-19% 21-33% Over 20-25% 34-39% Obese 26%+ 40+
  39. 39.  Skin fold calipers  Body Fat Machine  Hydrostatic Weighing
  40. 40. Jump Start your Metabolism  Metabolism: The process of breaking down food and turning it into useable Fuel!  Increase your metabolism by eating a healthy breakfast.  Enzymes: Molecules in your digestive system that help breakdown food.  Foods to eat  BMR: Basal Metabolic Rate: a measure of the rate your body burns calories while at rest or sleeping  High BMR = more calories burned per day.  Related to you tendency to gain and lose weight.  Can be increased by increasing muscle and exercising  BMR CALCULATOR
  41. 41. YOU!YOU!  How you feel is a big indicator of your health.  Look in the mirror… Do you look Healthy?  Do you feel good about yourself?  Do you have energy?  Physical attributes  Can you move around easily and quickly without weight holding you back?  Do you get winded too easily when exercising or playing sports?  Can you see your ribs, collar bone, shoulder blades?  Do you have muscle? Can you see it?
  42. 42. MOREMORE LESSLESS SAMESAME
  43. 43. Food and Activity Record due next class for Check off.
  44. 44.  Fad dieting- weight loss plans that tend to be popular for a short time.  Usually regain the weight right after going off the diet.  Weight Cycling- repeated patterns of losing and regaining weight.  Miracle Foods- certain foods destroy fat  Magic combinations- food combos trigger weight loss  Liquid diets- can be dangerous only under a doctors eye  Diet Pills- can be addictive and often have bad side effects.
  45. 45.  If a diet claims to be “effort less” “guaranteed” “secret” or sounds too good to be true. Then it is too good to be true.  The only healthy diet is a healthy LIFE CHANGE that allows you to follow the My Plate guidelines.
  46. 46. A serious condition where a person becomes so preoccupied with their weight or food that they focus on little else. Eating disorders can result in illness or death. 3 main types Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge Eating Disorder
  47. 47. An irrational fear of weight gain to the point where people starve themselves.
  48. 48.  Risk Factors  Being more worried about, or paying more attention to, weight and shape  Having an anxiety disorder as a child  Having a negative self-image  Having eating problems during infancy or early childhood  Having certain social or cultural ideas about health and beauty  Trying to be perfect or overly focused on rules
  49. 49.  Symptoms  See themselves overweight even when underweight  Distorted image of themselves  Loss of menses  Starve or exercise excessively  Cut food in pieces and move around their plate  Blotchy or yellow skin that is dry and covered with fine hair  Confused or slow thinking, along with poor memory or judgment  Depression  Extreme sensitivity to cold (wearing layers and layers to stay warm)  Loss of bone strength  Refuse to eat around other people  Extreme focus on physical appearance
  50. 50.  An eating disorder that involves cycles of uncontrolled overeating and purging or attempts to rid the body of food. Binge- Secretive out of control eating of high calorie foods. Often gulping it down to where they don’t even taste it. Rid the Body of food by vomiting, taking laxatives, fasting, or exercising. Usually in the normal weight range but shard the same fear of gaining weight as Anorexics.
  51. 51.  Symptoms  Suddenly buying large amounts of food that disappear  Secretive overeating  Feelings of guilt after eating  Forcing yourself to vomit, exercising, or diuretics  Signs  Broken blood vessels in the eyes  Rashes and pimples or pouch-like look to cheeks  Calluses and cuts across the tops of finger joints from forcing themselves to vomit.  Regularly going to the bathroom after eating  Throwing away packages of laxatives type drugs
  52. 52.  An eating disorder where the person binge eats out of control like someone with Bulimia but they do not do it as frequently and they do not purge afterwards. More common in Men Feel Guilty but can’t stop Often become overweight
  53. 53.  Talk to a trusted adult to help you.  Eating disorders are serious and can require medical attention and possibly counseling.  Creating a supportive environment is key for helping someone with an eating disorder.
  54. 54.  With a partner…  Write a 10 Question Quiz about anything we have learned in class this unit. 5 of the questions must be from today’s lesson. Write your names at the top of the paper.  When you have finished the quiz bring it up to me to be checked off. I will then switch you quizzes with another group.  Take their quiz and sign the bottom of the quiz.  Then hand it back to them to be corrected.  Correct any mistakes and then turn it in to the basket.
  55. 55.  1. Did you eat or burn more calories and by how much? What was good or bad about this?  2. Based on your recorded food intake. Estimate how many ounces or cups of each food group you ate.  Grains (oz), Vegetables (cup), Fruits (cup), Dairy (cup), Meats/Beans (oz)  3. Compare your recommended servings sizes to your actual serving sizes and write a paragraph analyzing the results.  4. How can you improve your overall balance and nutrition intake of food?

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