Alcohol
Drugs and Alcohol
4:2
Alcohol Introduction
• How is it made?
▫ Fermentation- Breaking down of fruits,
vegetables, and grains.

• Ethanol
▫ The t...
Depressant
• Alcohol is a depressant meaning it slows down
the central nervous system.
 Slows down your reaction time
 I...
Is Alcohol abuse a problem among teens?
Yes! Alcohol is the number one drug choice among
teens. It’s higher than cigarette...
Consequences
• Death
▫ 5,000 kids under 21 die every year as a result of
underage drinking in the U.S.
▫ High school stude...
Consequences
• Early Pregnancy
▫ Adolescents who drink are more likely to engage
in risky sexual activities.

• Poor Grade...
Consequences
• Violence
▫ Parties with alcohol have more fights that break
out. Both with them and caused by them.

• Fami...
Alcoholism

No Control
Addiction
Hide
Lie

• When the physical and mental need for alcohol
turns into a progressive chroni...
Effects of Alcohol …Short Term
• Heart- Blood vessels dilate, causes heart to work
harder, look flushed, hypothermia.
• Br...
Effects of Alcohol… Long Term
• Stomach- Increases gastric juices and can
cause ulcers and vomiting.
• Brain- Destroys mil...
Cirrhosis
BAC

(Write all)

• The amount of alcohol in your blood as a
percentage.
▫ Blood Alcohol Concentration

• What is the lega...
Alcohol Poisoning
•
•
•
•
•
•

Mental confusion
Coma
Vomiting and seizures
Ten seconds between breaths
Irregular heart bea...
How much alcohol
does it take to cause intoxication
or poisoning?
(Know these)

It depends on the person
• Body Size- Beco...
3 Types of Drinkers

(Know all of these)

The majority of teens who drink, drink to get drunk.
• Social Drinker
▫ Drink sl...
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
• Developmental and physical problems that occur
in babies when a mother drinks during her
pregnanc...
Facial Features

(Record all)
I can see your Future
You went with your best friend to a carnival. You decided to go into the
fortune tellers booth but t...
Reasons for teenage drinking
• Peer Pressure
• Family Influences/Habits
• Media Messages
• Fun/Reduce Stress
• Feel Older
How can you avoid drinking?
• Decide ahead of time
• Avoid Situations
• Pick Good Friends
• Have a plan
• Have good refusa...
Interesting Facts
• Teens who start drinking before age 15 years are five times
more likely to develop alcohol dependence ...
There IS another WAY!
•
•
•
•
•
•

To be happy
To be accepted
To feel older
To cope
To get help
To live
Refusal Skills
•
•
•
•
•

Ask Questions
Name the Trouble
State the Consequences
Suggest Alternatives
Move it, Sell it, Lea...
Roll Play

Refusal Skills

• Ask Questions
• Name the Trouble
• State the
Consequences
▫ Make sure you set the
scene throu...
2 alcohol
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2 alcohol

  1. 1. Alcohol Drugs and Alcohol 4:2
  2. 2. Alcohol Introduction • How is it made? ▫ Fermentation- Breaking down of fruits, vegetables, and grains. • Ethanol ▫ The type of alcohol in drinks. It is an addictive drug and can affect brain development. ▫ To make drinks such as beer, wine or liquor they add water, flavoring and minerals.
  3. 3. Depressant • Alcohol is a depressant meaning it slows down the central nervous system.  Slows down your reaction time  Impairs vision  Impairs Judgment
  4. 4. Is Alcohol abuse a problem among teens? Yes! Alcohol is the number one drug choice among teens. It’s higher than cigarettes and marijuana. Nearly 80% of teens have tried alcohol. Experimentation with alcohol is too common, but it is not safe or legal. It is illegal to drink alcohol until you are ___. Utah Statistics
  5. 5. Consequences • Death ▫ 5,000 kids under 21 die every year as a result of underage drinking in the U.S. ▫ High school students who binge drink are four times as likely to have attempted suicide, as compared to nondrinkers. • Brain Development ▫ Your brain is still developing into your 20 ’s and alcohol can affect your mental capabilities permanently. • Addiction ▫ Each year you wait to start drinking your likelihood of getting addicted decreases 14%
  6. 6. Consequences • Early Pregnancy ▫ Adolescents who drink are more likely to engage in risky sexual activities. • Poor Grades ▫ A government study published in 2007 shows approximately two-thirds of students with “mostly A’s” are non-drinkers, while nearly half of the students with “mostly D’s and F’s” report binge drinking. • Legal ▫ Arrested, detention center, limit college opportunities and employment.
  7. 7. Consequences • Violence ▫ Parties with alcohol have more fights that break out. Both with them and caused by them. • Family ▫ Neglect, Abuse, Economic hardships, abusing alcohol themselves • Alcoholism ▫ Nearly half of all alcoholics became addicted before age 21.
  8. 8. Alcoholism No Control Addiction Hide Lie • When the physical and mental need for alcohol turns into a progressive chronic disease. • How do you become an Alcoholic? ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Dependence Tolerance Hereditary Can become addicted after 1 drink.
  9. 9. Effects of Alcohol …Short Term • Heart- Blood vessels dilate, causes heart to work harder, look flushed, hypothermia. • Brain- Reaches brain in minutes causes distorted vision, hearing, and coordination, alter perceptions and emotions. Impairs judgment which can lead to accidents, drowning, and other risky behaviors. • Liver- Breaks down alcohol. Removes poison from the blood. Can break down one alcoholic drink per hour (1 ounce of ethanol.) Intoxication.
  10. 10. Effects of Alcohol… Long Term • Stomach- Increases gastric juices and can cause ulcers and vomiting. • Brain- Destroys millions of brains cells over time. These brain cells cannot be repaired or replace. • Heart- Weakened heart muscle due to high blood pressure. Heart Disease or Heart Failure. • Liver- Especially hard on liver. Cirrhosis scaring of the liver tissue.
  11. 11. Cirrhosis
  12. 12. BAC (Write all) • The amount of alcohol in your blood as a percentage. ▫ Blood Alcohol Concentration • What is the legal driving limit? ▫ .08% • Alcohol Poisoning ▫ A severe and possibly fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose.
  13. 13. Alcohol Poisoning • • • • • • Mental confusion Coma Vomiting and seizures Ten seconds between breaths Irregular heart beat Hypothermia • CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY!
  14. 14. How much alcohol does it take to cause intoxication or poisoning? (Know these) It depends on the person • Body Size- Become intoxicated faster by less. • Gender- Females have higher fat percentage and their alcohol moves into their blood more quickly. • Food- Slows intoxication • Speed- Faster you drink it the longer it stays in your blood. (Bing Drinking- 5 or more in one sitting) • Amount- Consumption exceeds rate broken down. • Medicine- Drugs may interact badly.
  15. 15. 3 Types of Drinkers (Know all of these) The majority of teens who drink, drink to get drunk. • Social Drinker ▫ Drink slowly and spaces drinks ▫ Respects non drinkers ▫ Eats before and after • Problem Drinker ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Drinks to get drunk Drinks to cope with stress Personality Changes Depends on drinking for a good time • Alcoholic Drinker ▫ No control, obsessed with drinking ▫ Denies drinking and lies ▫ Needs to drink to deal with stressful situations
  16. 16. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome • Developmental and physical problems that occur in babies when a mother drinks during her pregnancy. (Record 5) ▫ Poor growth ▫ Decreased coordination ▫ Low development in thinking, speech, movement, and social skills. ▫ Anxiety or Hyperactivity ▫ Difficulty learning ▫ Behavioral Problems
  17. 17. Facial Features (Record all)
  18. 18. I can see your Future You went with your best friend to a carnival. You decided to go into the fortune tellers booth but the fortune teller did more than tell your fortune. They asked your friend to step out of the booth and to your surprise showed you your best friends future. You saw your best friend begin drinking alcohol. At first it was just a little and no harm was done, but soon their drinking became out of control. They soon became dependent on alcohol to have fun, to relax, to cope with problems and to function each day. They hid the problem from others and constantly lied to keep their secret concealed. Everyone tried to help them stop drinking but they had become addicted. Then you see the flash forward and your worst fear is realized. Alcohol has taken enjoyment, freedom, success, and ultimately life from your friend. The fortune teller then says, “Only you can change your friends life. You cannot tell them what you’ve seen from me. But you can be there to help change their path from the begining. How would you help?
  19. 19. Reasons for teenage drinking • Peer Pressure • Family Influences/Habits • Media Messages • Fun/Reduce Stress • Feel Older
  20. 20. How can you avoid drinking? • Decide ahead of time • Avoid Situations • Pick Good Friends • Have a plan • Have good refusal skills • Accept it’s illegal
  21. 21. Interesting Facts • Teens who start drinking before age 15 years are five times more likely to develop alcohol dependence or abuse later in life than those who begin drinking at or after the legal age of 21. • In 2010, there were approximately 189,000 emergency rooms visits by teens under age 21 for injuries and other conditions linked to alcohol. • Teens who drink heavily are three times more likely to try and hurt themselves (self-harm, attempt suicide etc.) than those who don't. • The three leading causes of death for 15 to 24-year-olds are automobile crashes, homicides and suicides – alcohol is a leading factor in all three.
  22. 22. There IS another WAY! • • • • • • To be happy To be accepted To feel older To cope To get help To live
  23. 23. Refusal Skills • • • • • Ask Questions Name the Trouble State the Consequences Suggest Alternatives Move it, Sell it, Leave the door open
  24. 24. Roll Play Refusal Skills • Ask Questions • Name the Trouble • State the Consequences ▫ Make sure you set the scene through acting • Suggest Alternatives ▫ Add details to the scenario • Move it, Sell it, ▫ Be creative!!!! Leave the door open • Pick a Scenario make up your own! • Roll play the scenario ▫ Memorize your lines ▫ Follow all the steps

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