Is alcohol abuse a problem among teens? Is 30% a high percentage? Why do you think this number has dropped?
Drugs and Alcohol
• How is it made?
▫ Fermentation- Breaking down of fruits,
vegetables, and grains.
▫ The type of alcohol in drinks. It is an addictive
drug and can affect brain development.
▫ To make drinks such as beer, wine or liquor they add
water, flavoring and minerals.
• Alcohol is a depressant meaning it slows down
the central nervous system.
Slows down your reaction time
Is Alcohol abuse a problem among teens?
Yes! Alcohol is the number one drug choice among
teens. It’s higher than cigarettes and marijuana.
Nearly 80% of teens have tried alcohol.
Experimentation with alcohol is too common, but
it is not safe or legal. It is illegal to drink alcohol
until you are ___.
▫ 5,000 kids under 21 die every year as a result of
underage drinking in the U.S.
▫ High school students who binge drink are four
times as likely to have attempted suicide, as
compared to nondrinkers.
• Brain Development
▫ Your brain is still developing into your 20 ’s and
alcohol can affect your mental capabilities
▫ Each year you wait to start drinking your
likelihood of getting addicted decreases 14%
• Early Pregnancy
▫ Adolescents who drink are more likely to engage
in risky sexual activities.
• Poor Grades
▫ A government study published in 2007 shows
approximately two-thirds of students with “mostly
A’s” are non-drinkers, while nearly half of the
students with “mostly D’s and F’s” report binge
▫ Arrested, detention center, limit college
opportunities and employment.
▫ Parties with alcohol have more fights that break
out. Both with them and caused by them.
▫ Neglect, Abuse, Economic hardships, abusing
▫ Nearly half of all alcoholics became addicted
before age 21.
• When the physical and mental need for alcohol
turns into a progressive chronic disease.
• How do you become an Alcoholic?
Can become addicted after 1 drink.
Effects of Alcohol …Short Term
• Heart- Blood vessels dilate, causes heart to work
harder, look flushed, hypothermia.
• Brain- Reaches brain in minutes causes distorted
vision, hearing, and coordination, alter perceptions
and emotions. Impairs judgment which can lead to
accidents, drowning, and other risky behaviors.
• Liver- Breaks down alcohol. Removes poison from
the blood. Can break down one alcoholic drink per
hour (1 ounce of ethanol.) Intoxication.
Effects of Alcohol… Long Term
• Stomach- Increases gastric juices and can
cause ulcers and vomiting.
• Brain- Destroys millions of brains cells over
time. These brain cells cannot be repaired or
• Heart- Weakened heart muscle due to high
blood pressure. Heart Disease or Heart Failure.
• Liver- Especially hard on liver. Cirrhosis
scaring of the liver tissue.
• The amount of alcohol in your blood as a
▫ Blood Alcohol Concentration
• What is the legal driving limit?
• Alcohol Poisoning
▫ A severe and possibly fatal physical reaction to an
Vomiting and seizures
Ten seconds between breaths
Irregular heart beat
• CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY!
How much alcohol
does it take to cause intoxication
It depends on the person
• Body Size- Become intoxicated faster by less.
• Gender- Females have higher fat percentage and
their alcohol moves into their blood more quickly.
• Food- Slows intoxication
• Speed- Faster you drink it the longer it stays in
your blood. (Bing Drinking- 5 or more in one sitting)
• Amount- Consumption exceeds rate broken down.
• Medicine- Drugs may interact badly.
3 Types of Drinkers
(Know all of these)
The majority of teens who drink, drink to get drunk.
• Social Drinker
▫ Drink slowly and spaces drinks
▫ Respects non drinkers
▫ Eats before and after
• Problem Drinker
Drinks to get drunk
Drinks to cope with stress
Depends on drinking for a good time
• Alcoholic Drinker
▫ No control, obsessed with drinking
▫ Denies drinking and lies
▫ Needs to drink to deal with stressful situations
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
• Developmental and physical problems that occur
in babies when a mother drinks during her
pregnancy. (Record 5)
▫ Poor growth
▫ Decreased coordination
▫ Low development in thinking,
speech, movement, and social
▫ Anxiety or Hyperactivity
▫ Difficulty learning
▫ Behavioral Problems
I can see your Future
You went with your best friend to a carnival. You decided to go into the
fortune tellers booth but the fortune teller did more than tell your
fortune. They asked your friend to step out of the booth and to your
surprise showed you your best friends future. You saw your best friend
begin drinking alcohol. At first it was just a little and no harm was
done, but soon their drinking became out of control. They soon became
dependent on alcohol to have fun, to relax, to cope with problems and
to function each day. They hid the problem from others and constantly
lied to keep their secret concealed. Everyone tried to help them stop
drinking but they had become addicted. Then you see the flash forward
and your worst fear is realized. Alcohol has taken enjoyment, freedom,
success, and ultimately life from your friend. The fortune teller then
says, “Only you can change your friends life. You cannot tell them what
you’ve seen from me. But you can be there to help change their path
from the begining. How would you help?
Reasons for teenage drinking
• Peer Pressure
• Family Influences/Habits
• Media Messages
• Fun/Reduce Stress
• Feel Older
How can you avoid drinking?
• Decide ahead of time
• Avoid Situations
• Pick Good Friends
• Have a plan
• Have good refusal skills
• Accept it’s illegal
• Teens who start drinking before age 15 years are five times
more likely to develop alcohol dependence or abuse later in
life than those who begin drinking at or after the legal age
• In 2010, there were approximately 189,000 emergency
rooms visits by teens under age 21 for injuries and other
conditions linked to alcohol.
• Teens who drink heavily are three times more likely to try
and hurt themselves (self-harm, attempt suicide etc.) than
those who don't.
• The three leading causes of death for 15 to 24-year-olds are
automobile crashes, homicides and suicides – alcohol is a
leading factor in all three.
There IS another WAY!
To be happy
To be accepted
To feel older
To get help
Name the Trouble
State the Consequences
Move it, Sell it, Leave the door open
• Ask Questions
• Name the Trouble
• State the
▫ Make sure you set the
scene through acting
• Suggest Alternatives
▫ Add details to the scenario • Move it, Sell it,
▫ Be creative!!!!
Leave the door open
• Pick a Scenario make up
• Roll play the scenario
▫ Memorize your lines
▫ Follow all the steps