Maslow (1954) attempted to synthesize a large body of research related to human motivation. Prior to Maslow, researchers generally focused separately on such factors as biology, achievement, or power to explain what energizes, directs, and sustains human behavior. Maslow posited a hierarchy of human needs based on two groupings: deficiency needs and growth needs. Within the deficiency needs, each lower need must be met before moving to the next higher level. Once each of these needs has been satisfied, if at some future time a deficiency is detected, the individual will act to remove the deficiency. The deficiency needs are: Physiological, Safety/security, Belonginess and Love, Esteem. If and only if the deficiency needs are met is the individual ready to act upon the growth needs.
Good place to discuss the Donner Party of the 1846-47 who attempted to cross to California in the late autumn only to become trapped by snow in the passes. 86 people went in and less that 50 walked out. They first shared food with others and when food became scarce, they resorted to keeping what they had to the immediate families. Social structure broke down and people dropped down the lowest of basic needs. They resorted to eating the dead and became very quiet and independent of one another. Their only thoughts were of food and water. They survived in cabins and in some cases snow igloos (shelter needs)?
Good thing to discuss is ask if anyone has ever been lost in the woods? Were they hunger? Why not? After they were lost for a while, did they start to think more of food and less of shelter? Another good example is to say you will hold cadet xxx’s head under water. Will cadet xxx be thinking about his latest date or his next movie he wants to see or is he thinking basic needs like air? Is he thinking of food? After he “escapes” from your gripe at school, where will he run to? Other high schoolers? (shelter/safety needs). Bring out the fact that cadets and students should feel safe at school due to rules and regulations in place...
We are talking love and belonging, friendship (not necessarily sex)
NJROTC jobs and responsibilities are good to discuss here.
Normally, we are discussing adults such as Bill Gates is a good example. Here is a guy who has everything but needs to accomplish more for his own justification and satisfaction.
Instructions for the game Survivor Divide the class into even groups about 5 groups Teach the class to listen to the drums to quiet them down and call for attention. Have them pick a team name. Give them 3 minutes to recall as a team all the information they can and record it on their blank sheet of paper. Explain to them how the game works Question Elimination Rounds Outcasts Mission Final Round Must have about 15 questions to get to the Final Round
Sacrifice: Belonging Priority: Safety
Sacrifice: Esteem or Safety Priority: Belonging
Sacrifice: Belonging or Belonging Priority: Esteem or kids Physical
Esteem Selt Actualization
Self Actualization Safety
Hunger, thirst, energy, Fast food, good food, salt water, red bull vs sleep My needs were met
2 2 maslow's hierarchy
2-2 Mental Health
THEORY OF HUMAN MOTIVATIONTHEORY OF HUMAN MOTIVATION
ABRAHAMH. MASLOWABRAHAMH. MASLOW
• Why do we do what we do and why?
• Why we prioritize certain things?
• What will make us happiest?
What drives human motivation
MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
Theory of Human Motivation
• An understanding of basic human motivations and
• According to Maslow, human motivation is based on a
hierarchical system of needs.
• The higher the need the less important it is for sheer
• Return to lower needs if they are not met.
• Definition: Most basic needs that are vital for survival.
• Examples of needs: Water, food, air, sleep, warmth, exercise etc.
• How needs are met: Eating, drinking, breathing, resting, sleeping, using the
• Problems: Poor functioning, Starvation, Illness, Dehydration, Death.
THE SAFETY NEEDS
• Definition: Safety, security, freedom from threats and shelter.
• Example of needs: Financial Security, shelter from elements,
freedom from anxiety, protection.
• How needs are met: Secure employment, savings account, safe
neighbor hood, home or shelter. Protector, rules and laws,
• Problems: Anxiety, injury, death.
THE LOVE/BELONGING NEEDS
• Definition: Need to feel loved or you have a place to belong.
• Examples of needs: Give and receive, Acceptance, Companion.
• How needs are met: Friends, family ties, romantic relationship,
club, team, corporation
• Problems: Main cause of psychological problems.
THE ESTEEM NEEDS
• Definition: Need to feel good about oneself and receive recognition from
• Examples of needs: Self-Esteem, Personal worth, social recognition and
• How needs are met: Positive self-concept, accepting self, success, winning
prizes, reaching goals.
• Problems: Low self-esteem, depression, jealousy, psychological problems.
Feel weak or inferior
• Definition: Highest Level of motivation focus is on personal growth,
helping others and attaining highest potential.
• Examples: Striving to be your best, working toward long term goals, reach
• How needs are met: Achieving a life goal, feeling like you are your BEST
self, state of wisdom
• Problems: Low self-esteem, lack of satisfaction, negative attitude.
CHARACTERISTICS OF A
SELF ACTUALIZED PERSON
• Realistic- Accept themselves and society
• Self Driven- Responsibility and Ethics
• Problem Solving- Solve own and others problems
• Privacy to develop their own individual potential
• Appreciate everything
Abraham Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs” describes
what we need to Survive…
Do you have what it takes?
• Introduce the Attention Signal
• Divide into 5 teams
• Pick a team name
• Introduce the Attention Signal
• Blank sheet of paper, pencil, Answer Board
• Use your blank sheet of paper to recall any information you need.
• Each round begins with a multi-step problem.
• The first team to get the right answer gets immunity.
• All remaining teams must answer the question.
• Elimination Rounds
• Vote, Opposing team vote, Random, Double Repeat without vote.
When two people remain the tribes merge .
• Elimination: Correct answers stay, Fastest has immunity and chooses,
Immunity from random, IFR , IFR, etc.
• When you are eliminated you go to a group that thinks up 5 questions to
stump the champion. Must look for concrete answers.
• The final round is the OUTCASTS vs The SURVIVOR
• 10 Seconds: What istheneed level called referring to your most basic need.
• 10 Seconds: When stranded on adeserted island you find acave, what need
• 10 Seconds: You trap asquirrel...beforekilling him you decideto keep him
• 10 Seconds: Succumbing to peer pressureand drinking lowersyou from
your esteem needsto meet what level of need?
• 10 Seconds: Abandoned children in a3rd
world county find and takedrugsto
easetheir hunger. What need isnot met that they aretrying to ease.
• 30 Seconds: No Papers: Draw and Label Maslow’sHierarchy
• When you arefeeling jealoussomeoneelsewhat need isnot being
• What most basic need isbeing sacrificed when asingleMom spends
lesstimeat homein order to pay for her children to becomethebest
they can be.
• What most basic need isbeing sacrificed when an A+ student lets
otherscheat off hispaper.
• Using only theFIRST letter of each Level to solvethepuzzletell me
what thisspells… Highest accomplishment, Sleep, Winning aprize,
Belonging to afamily, making friends.
• Using only theFirst letter of each level to solvethepuzzletell me
what thisspells… Being part of ateam, Being voted MVP, Living
near apolicestation, Reaching alifelong goal and feeling at peace
• LAST QUESTION FOR SURVIVOR TITLE
• Who invented thistheory of Human Motivation ?
What is being sacrificed?
What is the priority?
Be able to support your answer
• A teenager leaves a party alone because things
are getting a little crazy and fights are starting to
• A girl gives up her commitment to refrain from
drinking alcohol because her friends want her to
drink with them.
• A man gives up time with his family to work in
order to make sure he provides for he and his
WHAT NEEDS ARE BEING MET?
• As Tyrone studied in smaller chunks of time, repeatedly
over a few weeks, his quiz grades improved. He began
to see himself as a good student as did his teachers.
• Former Vice-President Al Gore’s film, An Inconvenient
Truth, is nominated for an Oscar and wins. Then, Al
Gore wins the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize!
WHAT NEEDS ARE BEING MET?
• As the conflict between the Sri Lankan government and
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (L.T.T.E.) escalated,
women and children ran through a river to escape
being shelled from both sides.