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"Better is a little with
  righteousness, than
great revenues without
    righteousness."
Prepared by:
Miss BLESS Bernardo
      July 2012
Human Development Index    Basis in measuring human
                                  development

    Gender –Related          Index in measuring the
   Development Index        inequality of males and
                                     females
  Human Poverty Index     Measures the level of poverty
                                  Of countries
 Gender Empowerment          Measures the average
       Measure            achievements of the female
                                    sector
      Poverty Line           Uses income as basis of
                                  measurement
Gross Domestic Product     country's income minus foreign
        (GDP)                        investments

Gross National Product    Country’s income including foreign
        (GNP)                        investments

Purchasing Power Parity      Equivalent buying power in
         (PPP)                  different currentcies.
   Life Expectancy          average expected length of life:
                          the number of years that somebody
                           can be expected to live, according
                                      to statistics
     Literacy Rate        commonly considered the ability
                          to read and write at a designated
                                 level of proficiency.
What does Human Development
          Index mean?
   What are the factors in
 evaluating the level of Human
         Development?
What are the three measures
 used by the UN in determining
   good human development?
       Explain each one?
Is used to assess the overall
    well-being of people in a
        particular country.
Several factors are taken into
   consideration in evaluating
        the level of human
  development: poverty rate,
     literacy, education, life
 expectancy, health and decent
         standard of living.
A  long Life and Healthy Life (base on
 life expectancy at birth)
Knowledge based on the adult literacy
 rate
Decent standard of living based on
 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per
 capita and translated to Purchasing
 Power Parity (PPP) in US Dollars (US$).
What Asian countries
belong to the following
     categories?

     very high HDI
       High HDI
     Medium HDI
       Low HDI
   VERY HIGH HDI
     Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea,
        Israel, Brunei, Kuwait, Cyprus, Qatar,
                         U.A.E
   HIGH HDI
        Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia,
           Turkey, Kazakhstan, Lebanon
 MEDIUM   HDI
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Thailand, Iran, Georgia,
     China, Maldives, Jordan, Sri Lanka
 LOW   HDI
          Timor-Leste and Afghanistan
What   is the usual basis used in
 defining poverty?
What is the measure of the
 level of poverty of the people
 in a country according to the
 World Bank?
Why is it important to know
 birth rate, death rate and life
 expectancy?
state of being poor: the state
  of not having enough money
  to take care of basic needs
   such as food, clothing, and
             housing
 is
   the state of one who lacks a
   certain relative amount of
  material possessions or money
U
                             N
Poverty    is a denial of   I

        choices and
                             T
                             E
opportunities, a violation   D

     of human dignity.       N
                             A
 It means lack of basic     T

 capacity to participate
                             I
                             O
  effectively in society.    N
                             S
It  means insecurity,        U
                                 N
 powerlessness and exclusion     I
                                 T
  of individuals, households     E

       and communities.          D


 It means susceptibility to     N
                                 A
violence, and it often implies   T
                                 I
 living in marginal or fragile   O

environments, without access     N
                                 S
to clean water or sanitation.
 It is based on the per capita
 expenditure necessary to attain
 2,000 to 2,500 calories per
 day.(per capita- for each person)
 According to the World Bank,
 the level of poverty may be
 measured in terms of the
 International Poverty Line.
“ a person who lives on US $1 or
    2 a day is considered POOR”.
  Probability at birth of not
       surviving to age 40
Adult illiteracy rate (% of age
 15 and above who cannot read
             or write)
  Percentage of population
     without access to water
            resources
Children   who are
 underweight for their age
     (% under age 5)
Percentage of population
    who live below the
 poverty line of US $1 and
       US $ 2 a day.
People  are said to be poor if
   their incomes fall below a
certain level called a threshold,
also known as the poverty line.

In this definition, the poor do not
  have enough income to purchase
    or have easy access to basic
 goods and services, such as food,
         clothing, housing,
   transportation, and education.
“If my people, which are
 called by my name, shall
 humble themselves, and
 pray, and seek my face,
and turn from their wicked
ways; then will I hear from
 heaven, and will forgive
  their sin, and will heal
        their land”.
      2 Chronicles 7:14
            (KJV)
Japan    topped the list of
S
      Asian countries with high
Y   level of Human Development
N         in the HDR 2009.
T      The Gender-Related
H     Development Index (GDI)
E      was included in order to
        ascertain the average
S
     achievement in the women
I        sector in the three
S     measurable dimensions of
        human development.
Japan  topped the list of Asian countries
   with high GDI while Pakistan has the
       lowest GDI in the HDR 2009.
 The Gender Empowerment Measure
  (GEM) is a composite index measuring
  gender inequality in three dimensions
            of empowerment:
    (1). Economic participation and
      decision-making, (2). Political
   participation and decision-making,
  (3). Power over economic resources.
Singapore  ranked first among Asian
   countries with high GEM while
 Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey,
 Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia have
  the lowest GEM in the HDR 2009.
The HPI measures the deprivations
      of countries in the three
  measurable dimensions of human
   development: Life expectancy,
    adult illiteracy, and descent
          standard of living.
The countries of South Asia suffer
       from extreme poverty.
employee   recruitment
   and management:
 the field of business
    concerned with
recruiting and managing
       employees.
What  do you think
is the relationship
between the human
   resource of a
  country and its
  socio-economic
    conditions?
  the increasing number of population
    greatly affects the earth’s natural
                resources.
   An estimated 220, 980 people is
 being added to the world population
   per day. Our planet has to feed an
  additional 134 million+ people each
                   year!
 Rapid population growth is one of the
    biggest challenges being faced by
          many Asian countries.
  Asia is home to three of the
    world’s five most populous
   nations, (CHINA, INDIA, and
              INDONESIA)
   Philippines has 7th largest
     population with 86 million
                people.
It is vital for one nation to know
 how fast or slow its population is
       growing each year – the
    “population growth rate”.
What   are the
implications of having
high population growth
         rates?
What are its effects
 on the earth’s natural
       resources?
A  country is considered young
 when a large part of its population
     is 15 years old and below.
  A country is considered old is a
  large part of its population is 60
        years old and above.
 An estimated one billion people in
  the world whose ages range from
               15 to 24.
If a society has more young
people, there would be greater
 need for education and health
             services.
 A significant portion would be
      relying on old people.
An old population might mean
 considerable need for medical
   services and recreational
            facilities.
For  many Asian countries, health
indicators are vital in evaluating the
  general condition of the society.
 Birth rates, death rates, and life
  expectancy are important health
             indicators.
Why  is it important to
 know birth rate, death
rate and life expectancy?

Inyour opinion, why do
  countries in East Asia
   enjoys a higher life
      expectancy?
Education   is essential to the
  development of a person and to
   the country he or she belongs.
A nation’s progress can be equated
    to the quality of education it
                offers.
As such, Asian countries give prime
     importance to their citizens’
              education.
 Developed     countries have high literacy
 rates primarily because they are able to allot a
 higher budget to education. (JAPAN and SOUTH
 KOREA)
 Underdeveloped     countries have low
 literacy rates. (SOUTH ASIA- Nepal, Afghanistan,
 Bangladesh, and Pakistan ; and EAST TIMOR)
 Philippineshas a relatively high literacy
 rate. Despite the economic difficulties faced
 by the country, the government is doing its
 best to provide quality education.
What  is the relationship
  between the literacy
rate of a country and its
    level of economic
      development?
   Why is education
    important for an
        individual?
Migration- movement of
 people within and
 outside a country’s
 territory.
Urbanization- movement
 of people from the
 provinces or rural areas
 to the cities.
Why is migration an
   important factor of
       progress?

 In what ways can the
exodus of people from the
provinces to the cities be a
         problem?
  Migration can result to
    improvement of economic
  status both to the people that
 migrated and the host. (Indians
           and Chinese)
It offers immediate solution to
    alleviating unemployment
    problems and coping with
 economic difficulties. (Filipinos
           going abroad)
 Urbanization result in
     scarcity in housing,
environmental degradation,
 rampant spread of diseases
   and lack of basic social
           services.
In addition, vast rural lands
   are abandoned and left
        uncultivated.
Why   should every citizen
  take care of his or her
           health?
 How can you and your
 family benefit when you
   finish your schooling?
Human development
Human development

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Human development

  • 1.
  • 2. "Better is a little with righteousness, than great revenues without righteousness."
  • 3. Prepared by: Miss BLESS Bernardo July 2012
  • 4. Human Development Index Basis in measuring human development Gender –Related Index in measuring the Development Index inequality of males and females Human Poverty Index Measures the level of poverty Of countries Gender Empowerment Measures the average Measure achievements of the female sector Poverty Line Uses income as basis of measurement
  • 5. Gross Domestic Product country's income minus foreign (GDP) investments Gross National Product Country’s income including foreign (GNP) investments Purchasing Power Parity Equivalent buying power in (PPP) different currentcies. Life Expectancy average expected length of life: the number of years that somebody can be expected to live, according to statistics Literacy Rate commonly considered the ability to read and write at a designated level of proficiency.
  • 6. What does Human Development Index mean? What are the factors in evaluating the level of Human Development? What are the three measures used by the UN in determining good human development? Explain each one?
  • 7. Is used to assess the overall well-being of people in a particular country. Several factors are taken into consideration in evaluating the level of human development: poverty rate, literacy, education, life expectancy, health and decent standard of living.
  • 8. A long Life and Healthy Life (base on life expectancy at birth) Knowledge based on the adult literacy rate Decent standard of living based on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and translated to Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in US Dollars (US$).
  • 9. What Asian countries belong to the following categories?  very high HDI High HDI Medium HDI Low HDI
  • 10. VERY HIGH HDI Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea, Israel, Brunei, Kuwait, Cyprus, Qatar, U.A.E  HIGH HDI Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Lebanon  MEDIUM HDI Armenia, Azerbaijan, Thailand, Iran, Georgia, China, Maldives, Jordan, Sri Lanka  LOW HDI Timor-Leste and Afghanistan
  • 11. What is the usual basis used in defining poverty? What is the measure of the level of poverty of the people in a country according to the World Bank? Why is it important to know birth rate, death rate and life expectancy?
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. state of being poor: the state of not having enough money to take care of basic needs such as food, clothing, and housing is the state of one who lacks a certain relative amount of material possessions or money
  • 15. U N Poverty is a denial of I choices and T E opportunities, a violation D of human dignity. N A It means lack of basic T capacity to participate I O effectively in society. N S
  • 16. It means insecurity, U N powerlessness and exclusion I T of individuals, households E and communities. D It means susceptibility to N A violence, and it often implies T I living in marginal or fragile O environments, without access N S to clean water or sanitation.
  • 17.  It is based on the per capita expenditure necessary to attain 2,000 to 2,500 calories per day.(per capita- for each person)  According to the World Bank, the level of poverty may be measured in terms of the International Poverty Line. “ a person who lives on US $1 or 2 a day is considered POOR”.
  • 18.
  • 19.  Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 Adult illiteracy rate (% of age 15 and above who cannot read or write) Percentage of population without access to water resources
  • 20. Children who are underweight for their age (% under age 5) Percentage of population who live below the poverty line of US $1 and US $ 2 a day.
  • 21. People are said to be poor if their incomes fall below a certain level called a threshold, also known as the poverty line. In this definition, the poor do not have enough income to purchase or have easy access to basic goods and services, such as food, clothing, housing, transportation, and education.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. “If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land”. 2 Chronicles 7:14 (KJV)
  • 25.
  • 26. Japan topped the list of S Asian countries with high Y level of Human Development N in the HDR 2009. T The Gender-Related H Development Index (GDI) E was included in order to ascertain the average S achievement in the women I sector in the three S measurable dimensions of human development.
  • 27. Japan topped the list of Asian countries with high GDI while Pakistan has the lowest GDI in the HDR 2009. The Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is a composite index measuring gender inequality in three dimensions of empowerment: (1). Economic participation and decision-making, (2). Political participation and decision-making, (3). Power over economic resources.
  • 28. Singapore ranked first among Asian countries with high GEM while Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, Bangladesh and Saudi Arabia have the lowest GEM in the HDR 2009. The HPI measures the deprivations of countries in the three measurable dimensions of human development: Life expectancy, adult illiteracy, and descent standard of living. The countries of South Asia suffer from extreme poverty.
  • 29.
  • 30. employee recruitment and management: the field of business concerned with recruiting and managing employees.
  • 31. What do you think is the relationship between the human resource of a country and its socio-economic conditions?
  • 32.  the increasing number of population greatly affects the earth’s natural resources.  An estimated 220, 980 people is being added to the world population per day. Our planet has to feed an additional 134 million+ people each year!  Rapid population growth is one of the biggest challenges being faced by many Asian countries.
  • 33.  Asia is home to three of the world’s five most populous nations, (CHINA, INDIA, and INDONESIA) Philippines has 7th largest population with 86 million people. It is vital for one nation to know how fast or slow its population is growing each year – the “population growth rate”.
  • 34. What are the implications of having high population growth rates? What are its effects on the earth’s natural resources?
  • 35. A country is considered young when a large part of its population is 15 years old and below. A country is considered old is a large part of its population is 60 years old and above.  An estimated one billion people in the world whose ages range from 15 to 24.
  • 36. If a society has more young people, there would be greater need for education and health services. A significant portion would be relying on old people. An old population might mean considerable need for medical services and recreational facilities.
  • 37. For many Asian countries, health indicators are vital in evaluating the general condition of the society.  Birth rates, death rates, and life expectancy are important health indicators.
  • 38. Why is it important to know birth rate, death rate and life expectancy? Inyour opinion, why do countries in East Asia enjoys a higher life expectancy?
  • 39. Education is essential to the development of a person and to the country he or she belongs. A nation’s progress can be equated to the quality of education it offers. As such, Asian countries give prime importance to their citizens’ education.
  • 40.  Developed countries have high literacy rates primarily because they are able to allot a higher budget to education. (JAPAN and SOUTH KOREA)  Underdeveloped countries have low literacy rates. (SOUTH ASIA- Nepal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan ; and EAST TIMOR)  Philippineshas a relatively high literacy rate. Despite the economic difficulties faced by the country, the government is doing its best to provide quality education.
  • 41. What is the relationship between the literacy rate of a country and its level of economic development? Why is education important for an individual?
  • 42. Migration- movement of people within and outside a country’s territory. Urbanization- movement of people from the provinces or rural areas to the cities.
  • 43. Why is migration an important factor of progress? In what ways can the exodus of people from the provinces to the cities be a problem?
  • 44.  Migration can result to improvement of economic status both to the people that migrated and the host. (Indians and Chinese) It offers immediate solution to alleviating unemployment problems and coping with economic difficulties. (Filipinos going abroad)
  • 45.  Urbanization result in scarcity in housing, environmental degradation, rampant spread of diseases and lack of basic social services. In addition, vast rural lands are abandoned and left uncultivated.
  • 46. Why should every citizen take care of his or her health? How can you and your family benefit when you finish your schooling?