Filippo Brunelleschi

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A Powerpoint presentation detailing the Italian architect and engineer Filippo Brunelleschi and the contributions he made to the Italian Renaissance.

Made by Jonathan Jin for Ms. Jordy's A-block European History course at the International School of Beijing.

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Filippo Brunelleschi

  1. 1. Filippo Brunelleschi Architectural Mastermind A presentation by Jonathan Jin Of Ms. Jordy’s A-Block European History Class 12-08-08
  2. 2. “… Filipino who?”
  3. 3. <ul><li>1377-1446 in Florence, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Architect and the first engineer of Italian Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Enrolled in the Arte della Seta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the Silkmakers’ Guild </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goldsmiths, metalworkers, and bronze workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apprenticed to Benincasa Lotti </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1398: became master goldsmith </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ But didn’t you just say that he was an archi-…” “” Yea, I’m getting to that.”
  5. 5. <ul><li>1401: enrolled in contest alongside Lorenzo Ghiberti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The task : design the bronze doors of Florence Baptistery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product rated equal to Ghiberti’s </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrew </li></ul><ul><li>10 years studying in Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usage of fixed proportion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-circular arch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Return to Florence, worked on numerous projects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cupola of the Santa Maria di fiori - reinforcement and design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spedale degli Innocenti (“Hospital of the Innocents”; children’s orphanage) </li></ul></ul>Brunelleschi’s panel design for the Florence Baptistery
  6. 6. “ Aaaand why should this matter to me?”
  7. 7. <ul><li>Invented artistic linear perspective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st known perspective picture made by FP in 1415 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used by many later Italian artists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developed ancient-Rome-esque architectural style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evident in: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ospedale degli Innocenti </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Church of San Lorenzo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Completely different from Gothic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematical rigor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Straight lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat planes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cubic spaces </li></ul></ul></ul>A demonstration of Filippo Brunelleschi’s perspective picture concept
  8. 8. Information came from &quot;Filippo Brunelleschi - Great Buildings Online.&quot;  ArchiPlanet . Architecture Week. 2 Dec 2008 <http://www.archiplanet.org/architects/Filippo_Brunelleschi.html>. &quot;Filippo Brunelleschi.&quot;  Web Gallery of Art . 2 Dec 2008 <http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/b/brunelle/biograph.html>. &quot;Filippo Brunelleschi.&quot;  Medici: Godfathers of the Renaissance . PBS. 2 Dec 2008 <http://www.pbs.org/empires/medici/renaissance/brunelleschi.html>. &quot;Filippo Brunelleschi.&quot; 1 Dec 2008 <http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Brunelleschi.html>. &quot;Filippo Brunelleschi.&quot; 1 Dec 2008 <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/filippo-brunelleschi.htm>. “ In memoriam Filippo Brunelleschi.&quot;  Gallery Diabolus . Gallery Diabolus. 5 Dec 2008 <http://www.gallery-diabolus.com/gallery/artist.php?image=1612&id=utisz&page=214>. Images came from &quot;Image:Bunelleschi.jpg.&quot; Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. 3 Dec 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Bunelleschi.jpg>. &quot;In memoriam Filippo Brunelleschi.&quot;  Gallery Diabolus . Gallery Diabolus. 5 Dec 2008 <http://www.gallery-diabolus.com/gallery/artist.php?image=1612&id=utisz&page=214>.

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