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Reducing Your Risk For Heart Disease

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Trust the professionals at the Heart Health Institute for all of your heart health needs. They offer the best treatments and prevention methods for heart disease. They also offer top-of-the-line equipment & monitoring equipment for heart rhythm Toronto can offer. Visit their website today to learn more, or visit them at 235 Salem S Ajax, ON L1Z 2C9 ‎(905) 426-8333

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Reducing Your Risk For Heart Disease

  1. 1. HEART DISEASECauses, Risks, and Treatment
  2. 2. Introduction• Coronary disease is the leading cause of death of bothmen and women in the United States with 600,000 peopledying annually.• There are about 715,000 heart attacks in America eachyear with 525,000 of them being a persons first heartattack.
  3. 3. Introduction• The rest consists of second and third attacks. Immediatetreatment of early warning signs of heart attacks greatlyincreases the chance of survival.• Reducing coronary disease risks through monitoring bloodpressure, high LDL cholesterol, and not smoking are alsoeffective ways to help prevent heart attacks.
  4. 4. Types of Heart Disease• There are many different types of heart disease includingcoronary artery disease, abnormal heart rhythms, heartfailure, heart valve disease, cardiomyopathy, pericardialdisease, aorta disease, and vascular disease.• The diseases affect different parts of the heart but can alllead to heart failure and death.
  5. 5. Causes of Coronary Artery Disease• Coronary artery disease is the hardening of the arteries inthe heart due to fatty, calcified plaques being deposited inthe arteries.• This is called atherosclerosis. Eventually these arteriescan no longer provide oxygen and nutrients to the heart orbecome clogged due to a small blood clot, causing aheart attack.• This is the most common type of coronary disease andcause of heart attacks.
  6. 6. Causes of Coronary Artery Disease• Heart disease is a genetic condition and those with afamily history of heart attacks are more predisposed tothem.• It is also linked to high blood pressure, high cholesterol,obesity, smoking, stress, and lack of exercise.
  7. 7. Treatment• Treatment of heart attacks varies by the type of diseaseleading to the attack.• Victims are immediately hospitalized in coronary careunits and are under observation for at least 36 hours.• They are given a painkiller, a vasodilator to help open upthe arteries, a beta-adrenergic blocker to relax the heart,and aspirin to reduce further clotting of the blood.
  8. 8. Treatment• In some cases, emergency surgery is the only option for aheart attack patient to remove a clot in an artery or tobypass the blocked artery completely.• If a patient experiences an arrhythmia where the heartbegins to beat erratically, they are given an electric shockto the chest to attempt to restore a normal heart rhythm.
  9. 9. Treatment• Heart attack survivors are told to start moving and engagein gentle exercise as soon as possible to avoid furtherblood clotting.• They are also told to take aspirin daily to thin the bloodand help prevent clotting.• Surgical methods can also help clear the plaque out ofarteries or bypass the clogged artery.
  10. 10. Prevention• There are several risk factors that are directly linked tocoronary disease. Smokers have over twice the risk ofhaving a heart attack compared to non-smokers.• A diet low in cholesterol also significantly reduces the riskof disease as does keeping blood pressure at healthylevels.• Exercise also greatly decreases disease levels and canhelp prevent obesity.
  11. 11. Prevention• Even low intensity exercise such as gardening or walkingcan help.• Good nutrition is one of the easiest ways to preventcoronary disease. A diet that is low in fat and cholesteroland high in vitamins and antioxidants will lower risksignificantly.

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